Wednesday, April 4, 2018

Cessna 172M, N9678Q, registered to and operated by Northgate Aviation Inc : Accident occurred November 18, 2017 at Chico Municipal Airport (KCIC), Butte County, California

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Sacramento, California

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board:  https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Investigation Docket  - National Transportation Safety Board:  https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms

http://registry.faa.gov/N9678Q

Analysis

The flight instructor reported that, during the instructional night, cross-country flight, while in level flight about 3,500 ft, a bird struck the airplane and went through the windscreen. The airplane returned to the airport without further incident.

Postaccident examination revealed that the windscreen sustained substantial damage.

The flight instructor reported that there were no preaccident mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation. 

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
An in-flight collision with a bird. 

Findings

Environmental issues
Animal(s)/bird(s) - Ability to respond/compensate (Cause)
Dark - Effect on operation

Factual Information

History of Flight

Enroute
Birdstrike (Defining event)

Location: Chico, CA
Accident Number: GAA18CA048
Date & Time: 11/18/2017, 1845 PST
Registration: N9678Q
Aircraft: CESSNA 172M
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Birdstrike
Injuries: 2 Minor
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional

The flight instructor reported that during the instructional night cross country flight, while in level flight about 3,500 ft, a bird struck the airplane and went through the windscreen. The airplane returned to the airport without further incident.

A postaccident examination revealed that the windscreen sustained substantial damage.

The flight instructor reported that there were no preaccident mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation. 

Student Pilot Information

Certificate: Student
Age: 50, Male
Airplane Rating(s): None
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 Unknown
Last FAA Medical Exam:
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 44 hours (Total, all aircraft), 43 hours (Total, this make and model)

Flight Instructor Information

Certificate: Flight Instructor; Commercial
Age: 75, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land; Single-engine Sea
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s): Glider
Restraint Used: Unknown
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s):  Airplane Multi-engine; Airplane Single-engine; Glider; Instrument Airplane
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 05/02/2016
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 02/12/2016
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 4490 hours (Total, all aircraft), 1300 hours (Total, this make and model), 4040 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 33 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 21 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 3.3 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: CESSNA
Registration: N9678Q
Model/Series: 172M M
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1975
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 17265762
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection:  100 Hour
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2300 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time:
Engine Manufacturer: LYCOMING
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-320 SERIES
Registered Owner: NORTHGATE AVIATION INC
Rated Power: 150 hp
Operator: NORTHGATE AVIATION INC
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Night/Dark
Observation Facility, Elevation: CIC, 226 ft msl
Observation Time: 1447 UTC
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Direction from Accident Site: 162°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Few / 12000 ft agl
Temperature/Dew Point: 2°C / 0°C
Lowest Ceiling:
Visibility:  10 Miles
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: Calm
Visibility (RVR):
Altimeter Setting: 30.23 inches Hg
Visibility (RVV):
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Chico, CA
Type of Flight Plan Filed: VFR
Destination: WOODLAND, CA (O41)
Type of Clearance: VFR
Departure Time: 1835 PST
Type of Airspace: Class E

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 2 Minor
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 Minor
Latitude, Longitude: 39.789444, -121.852778 (est)

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