Thursday, February 22, 2018

Cessna 441 Conquest II, N771XW: Fatal accident occurred February 22, 2018 in Rossville, Clinton County, Indiana

The National Transportation Safety Board traveled to the scene of this accident.

Additional Participating Entities:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Indianapolis, Indiana
Textron Aviation; Wichita, Kansas
Honeywell; Phoenix, Arizona

Aviation Accident Preliminary Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Ponderosa Aviation LLC: http://registry.faa.gov/N771XW

Location: Rossville, IN
Accident Number: CEN18FA107
Date & Time: 02/22/2018, 1939 EST
Registration: N771XW
Aircraft: CESSNA 441
Injuries: 3 Fatal
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Business 

On February 22, 2018, at 1939 eastern standard time, A Cessna 441 Conquest II airplane, N771XW, impacted terrain following a loss of control in Rossville, Indiana. The airline transport rated pilot and two passengers were fatally injured, and the airplane was destroyed. The airplane was registered to and operated by Ponderosa Aviation LLC under the provisions of Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91 as a business flight. Night instrument meteorological conditions prevailed for the flight, which was operating on an instrument flight plan. The flight originated from the Eagle Creek Airpark (EYE), Indianapolis, Indiana, about 1920, with an intended destination of the Green Bay Austin Straubel International Airport (GRB), Green Bay, Wisconsin.

Shortly after takeoff the pilot deviated from the assigned heading and altitude. When questioned by the Indianapolis departure controller, the pilot replied that the airplane was out of control. The pilot then turned the airplane to a heading 90° and explained to the controller that he had a trim problem and difficulty controlling the airplane, but that he had the airplane back to straight and level. The pilot was issued a turn to a heading of 310°, followed by a clearance to climb and maintain 13,000 ft. The pilot was then instructed to contact the Chicago Air Route Traffic Control Center (ZAU). The pilot checked in with ZAU57 sector stating that he was climbing from 10,600 ft to 13,000 ft. The pilot was cleared to climb to FL200 (20,000 ft) followed by a climb to FL230. The pilot was instructed to change frequencies to ZAU46 sector. The pilot then transmitted that he needed a minute to get control of the airplane and that he was having difficulty with the trim. Communication and radar contact was then lost.

Several witnesses reported hearing the airplane flying overhead. They all described the airplane as being very loud and that the engine sound was steady up until they heard the impact.

The airplane impacted the terrain in a plowed field (upper field) which was soft and muddy. A shallow disruption of the dirt was present which was about 250 ft in length. The impact mark was visible up to the crest of a slight incline where the main pieces of wreckage began. Trees bordered the east end of the field and just beyond the treeline was a tree-covered hill which descended about 50 ft at a slope of about 50°. The trees on the hillside were about 80 to 100 ft tall. At the bottom of the hill was an 8 - 10 ft wide creek. The east bank of the creek was treelined and beyond the trees were to more open fields (lower fields) which were divided by a row of small trees and brush. The wreckage was scattered in the upper field, down the hillside, and into the lower fields. The entire wreckage path was about ¼ mile in length.

Recorded weather conditions present 17 miles west of the accident site were overcast at 1,500 ft with 10 miles visibility. The witnesses reported similar conditions in at the accident site. 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: CESSNA
Registration: N771XW
Model/Series: 441 NO SERIES
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Amateur Built: No
Operator: PONDEROSA AVIATION LLC
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Instrument Conditions
Condition of Light: Night
Observation Facility, Elevation: LAF, 606 ft msl
Observation Time: 1954 EST
Distance from Accident Site: 17 Nautical Miles
Temperature/Dew Point: 7°C / 5°C
Lowest Cloud Condition:
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: 3 knots, 120°
Lowest Ceiling: Overcast / 1500 ft agl
Visibility:  10 Miles
Altimeter Setting: 30.38 inches Hg
Type of Flight Plan Filed: IFR
Departure Point: Indianapolis, IN (EYE)
Destination: Green Bay, WI (GRB)

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 Fatal
Aircraft Damage: Destroyed
Passenger Injuries: 2 Fatal
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 3 Fatal
Latitude, Longitude: 40.464722, -86.612778

Those who may have information that might be relevant to the National Transportation Safety Board investigation may contact them by email eyewitnessreport@ntsb.gov, and any friends and family who want to contact investigators about the accident should email assistance@ntsb.gov.


Nathan Saari was the pilot in the deadly plane crash.


CARROLL COUNTY, Ind. (WSAW) -- We're learning new information in the Indiana plane crash that killed three people, including a prominent Wisconsin dairy farmer and business owner.

The crash happened Thursday night when a Cessna 441 Conquest crashed in a muddy field in Carroll County, Indiana. Indiana State Police say there were no survivors.

The victims were John Pagel, his son-in-law Steve Witcpalek, and the pilot of their plane, Nathan Saari. Pagel was president of Edge - a dairy farmer cooperative. Saari's family and Jamie Mara, the director of public relations for the Dairy Business Association and Edge Dairy Farmer Cooperative, says Saari was originally from Marquette, Michigan, and had been living in Bellevue, Wisconsin - near Green Bay - for the past two months.

The National Transportation Safety Board is investigating the crash, which is standard procedure for aircraft accidents and incidents.


Original article can be found here ➤  http://www.wsaw.com

Federal investigators continue to look into what lead to the crash that claimed the three men from Northeast Wisconsin last thursday night.

Killed in the crash was John Pagel, owner of Pagel's Ponderosa. His son-in-law Steve Witcpalek who worked with him at the farm and pilot Nathan Saari.

Investigators from the National Transportation Safety Board and the Federal Aviation Administration are looking for clues to what may have contributed to the crash.
    
As of right now - investigators are saying nothing other- than they are continuing to investigate. 
    
Local Five was contacted by an aviation expert out of Dallas - Robert Katz who has been a pilot for nearly 37 years..
    
Mr. Katz says he has studied what's publicly available on the the incident- including audio between the pilot and air traffic control and another website that tracks the movements of aircraft.
    
Mr. Katz believes the aircraft may have had a mechanical issue, "The last radar hit on Flight Aware indicates that the airplane was climbing at six thousand feet a minute that is not normal for that particular airplane to be climbing at that rate and that sounds to me like a stuck trim tab or a runaway autopilot or trim system that the pilot cannot disengage either by pulling circuit breakers or pushing buttons -  something is jammed at this point and now he has no control over the airplane," said Robert Katz, commercial pilot, small flight instructor.

FAA investigations like this generally take months or longer before a final report is released.

Original article ➤ http://www.wearegreenbay.com

John Pagel 

Pagel's Ponderosa Dairy is seen in Kewaunee County, February 23, 2018. 


CARROLL COUNTY, Ind. -- There were no survivors from a plane crash Thursday night in Carroll County, according to Indiana State Police. 

The Cessna 441 went down around 7:30 p.m. in a field near Carroll County Roads 500 West and 600 South, just north of Rossville.

The plane took off from Eagle Creek Airport in Indianapolis at 7:21 p.m., according to flight records. It was headed to Green Bay-Austin Straubel International Airport in Green Bay, Wisconsin. The plane flew from Green Bay to Indiana Thursday morning.

At 7:39 p.m., data shows that the plane was between 18,000 feet and 28,000 feet when it disappeared off radar, according to Call 6 sources. Shortly after, multiple people called 911 in Carroll County, reporting a plane down. People who live in the area who heard the crash say it sounded like thunder.

First responders had trouble finding the wreckage at first because it was so dark and far back in a field. They eventually used ATVs and other off-road vehicles to access the area. 

Two of the victims are John Pagel and Steve Witcpalek, Pagel's family told WGBA in Green Bay. Witcpalek is Pagel's son-in-law. The third victim is pilot Nathan Saari.

 The Pagel family released this statement Friday afternoon:

"Many of you heard our family and extended family is grieving the loss of owner, father, person and friend, John T. Pagel, as well as John’s son-in-law, Steven Witcpalek, and pilot Nathan Saari. We appreciate the outpouring of the communities thoughts and prayers and request your respect for the privacy of the family as we wait for additional information. As we know more details we will keep you informed."  There is no word on what caused the plane to go down.   Officials with the FAA and NTSB are expected to arrive on the scene Friday morning to begin their investigation.

Original article can be found here ➤  http://www.wibc.com

John Pagel, left and Steve Witcpalek



ROSSVILLE, Ind. (AP/WLUK) -- The owner of a large Kewaunee County dairy farm, his son-in-law and the pilot were killed in a plane crash in Indiana.

Accoridng to a family statement, John Pagel, his son-in-law Steve Witcpalek and pilot Nathan Saari died in the crash.

State Police say the plane was a Cessna 441 Conquest Turboprop. It had taken off from the Eagle Creek Airport in Indianapolis and was headed to Green Bay. Carroll County, Indiana, Sheriff Tobe Leazenby says the plane crashed Thursday night just north of Rossville. The rural area is about 60 miles northwest of Indianapolis.

The family's statement Friday afternoon read:

The Pagel and Witcpalek families are heartbroken over this tragic loss. John and Steve were wonderful family men and dedicated dairymen who brought joy to the lives of so many people. They valued their community, loved their neighbors and lived life to the fullest. Although it’s unimaginable to think of a future without them, we know that their loving spirit will guide us. We sincerely thank the countless people who have showered us with love and support. We also grieve for the loved ones of the pilot who was lost, Nathan Saari, as they try to bear the terrible pain of this tragedy. We appreciate your respect for our privacy as we wait for additional information.

Pagel and his family own Pagel's Ponderosa Dairy in Kewaunee County and The Cannery Public Market in downtown Green Bay.

The Edge Dairy Cooperative, of which Pagel was board president, released this statement:

This is a tremendous personal and professional loss for the Edge Dairy Farmer Cooperative family. John was a cherished friend and visionary leader who helped create the cooperative and its sister organization, the Dairy Business Association. John was a champion for the dairy community who worked tirelessly to put farmers in a position to succeed.

As president of Edge since its beginning in 2010, John led with enthusiasm and commitment. Under his guidance, the cooperative grew to the sixth-largest in the country, representing hundreds of farmers throughout the Midwest. In recent years, Edge has strengthened its advocacy in Washington, D.C., where John often traveled to talk to members of Congress about the impact of federal actions on farmers back home.

John was a pioneer and entrepreneur who built a thriving multifaceted business and inspired others in the industry to try new approaches. The Edge board and staff will deeply miss John’s friendship and energy, but his vision and spirit will continue to inspire and guide us.

Original article can be found here ➤  http://fox11online.com

John Pagel 




Prominent Kewaunee County businessman John Pagel and his son-in-law were among those killed Thursday night when a Green Bay-bound plane crashed in Indiana, the Journal Sentinel has confirmed.

The son-in-law was identified as Steve Witcpalek.

Pagel, the CEO of Pagel's Ponderosa Dairy, also represented the Town of Casco on the Kewaunee County Board.

Indiana State Police said there were at least three people on the plane and that all were killed.

WISH-TV in Indianapolis reported that a Cessna 441 Conquest II crashed in Carroll County, Ind., after having taken off from Indianapolis.

he plane crashed in a field near Rossville, about 60 miles northwest of Indianapolis.

The plane had flown from Green Bay to Indianapolis Tuesday morning, WISH-TV reported.

The crash, which occurred about 7:30 p.m., killed all on board, according to the Lafayette (Ind.) Journal & Courier. Carroll County Sheriff Tobe Leazenby confirmed the casualties at 10 p.m. but said investigators had not yet determined how many people were on the plane, the Journal & Courier said.

The plane was bound for Green Bay-Austin Straubel International Airport, according to WISH-TV sister station WFRV in Green Bay. WISH-TV said federal aviation records showed the plane's owner is Ponderosa Aviation, which has the same address as Pagel’s Ponderosa Dairy in Kewaunee.

According to the website Business Jet Traveler, the Cessna Conquest II is a twin turboprop business jet that was last built in 1986. It can seat up to nine passengers.

The Pagel family manages about 8,500 acres and milks 5,300 cows. They also have a farm in Kansas that milks about 4,500 cows.

The family operation began in Wisconsin 72 years ago with fewer than 10 cows, a handful of hogs and some chickens.

Now, it has a 72-stall rotary milking parlor that produces about 500,000 pounds of milk a day. The business also has a cheese plant and a restaurant called The Cannery Public Market in Green Bay.

Pagel’s four children all returned to the family business that now employs more than 100 people.

Pagel was president of Edge Dairy Farmer Cooperative, the nation’s sixth-largest dairy cooperative. 

In 2017, that group, then called Dairy Business Milk Marketing Cooperative, helped dozens of dairy farmers find a home for their milk after their buyer, Grassland Dairy Products, dropped them in a trade dispute with Canada.

“The work is not done,” Pagel said at the time, “until each and every one of these farmers has a buyer for their milk and long-term solutions are in place.”

In 2003, Pagel's Ponderosa Dairy was named Innovative Dairy Farm of the Year by the International Dairy Foods Association and Dairy Herd Management.

Every year, the farm hosts middle-school students who spend a week learning about agriculture.

“John is revered in the industry,” Thomas Wilson, a vice president at Green Stone Farm Credit Services in Sturgeon Bay told the publication AgWeb last fall.

“He has the ears of many national dairy industry leaders and representatives and is influencing dairy policy,” Wilson said.

Original article can be found here ➤  https://www.jsonline.com

OWASCO, Ind. (WISH) — Indiana State Police say no one survived a small-plane crash in southern Carroll County on Thursday night.

The plane was on its way from Indianapolis to Green Bay, Wisconsin, according to its flight plan. It had flown from Green Bay to Indianapolis this morning, arriving at 9:30 a.m.

Police say the crash of the Cessna Conquest II twin-turboprop happened about 7:35 p.m. near the intersection of county roads 600 South and 450 West, about 3 miles north of the town of Rossville and less than a mile east of the unincorporated community of Owasco.

State police said they don’t know how many people were on board.

The plane was headed to Green Bay-Austin Straubel International Airport, according to Nexstar partner station WFRV. Federal aviation records show the plane is owned by Ponderosa Aviation, which shares an address with Pagel’s Ponderosa Dairy in Kewaunee, Wisconsin.

State police said the plane left Indianapolis from Eagle Creek Airpark on the city’s northwest side.

Police said the crash is in a rural, remote area. Communications were being hampered by the remoteness. Mud was hampering the investigation.

Witnesses told police they heard a race car sound before the crash.

Emergency radio traffic indicated a large debris field.

Wayne Township Fire Department in Indianapolis tweeted it was providing assistance with an unmanned aerial system.


Original article can be found here ➤  http://wishtv.com

CARROLL COUNTY, Ind. – Authorities are investigating a small plane crash in Carroll County.

Indiana State Police say the scene of the crash is near the intersection of County Road 600 S and 500 W, north of the town of Rossville.

The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) says authorities have located the wreckage of a Cessna 441 Conquest II in the area.

The FAA says the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) will be in charge of the investigation.

Indiana State Police believe there are no survivors. At this time, they do not know how many occupants were on board.

Original article can be found here ➤ http://fox59.com




CARROLL COUNTY, Ind. (WLFI/WISH) — Indiana State Police say a small plane crashed in southern Carroll County on Thursday night.

According to Carroll County Sheriff Tobe Leazenby, around 8:00 p.m. a Cessna 441 Conquest II crashed about 3 miles north of Rossville near the intersection of county roads 600 South and 500 West. There are reports of one fatality. 

State police said the crash is in a rural, remote area, and communications were being hampered by the remoteness.

Emergency radio traffic indicated a large debris field.

Wayne Township Fire Department in Indianapolis tweeted it was providing assistance with an unmanned aerial system.

The Indiana State Police and the FAA will be taking over the investigation.

Original article can be found here ➤ http://www.wlfi.com




CARROLL COUNTY, Ind. (WTHR) - Indiana State Police confirms to Eyewitness News the investigation of a crash involving a Cessna 441 Conquest II in Carroll County.

A spokesperson for ISP's Lafayette Post said there's little information available about the incident but that officers were investigating a small plane down near the intersection of County Roads 600 South and 500 West. The location is north and west of Rossville.

Police couldn't provide any information about passengers, but said late Thursday that there were no survivors.

Carroll County E911 reports 600 South is closed to all traffic between Prince William Rd. and 500 West.

An FAA spokesperson told Eyewitness News that first responders had arrived at the wreckage of a Cessna 441 Conquest II.

FAA investigators are responding to the crash site. 

The NTSB has been notified and will be in charge of the investigation.

Original article can be found here ➤ https://www.wthr.com

Flight Design CTLS, N547CT, registered to E&H Transportation LLC: Accident occurred September 02, 2017 at Newport State Airport (KUUU), Middletown, Newport County, Rhode Island

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Burlington, Massachusetts

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms


Aviation Accident Data Summary - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf 

http://registry.faa.gov/N547CT 

Location: Newport, RI
Accident Number: GAA17CA577
Date & Time: 09/02/2017, 1730 EDT
Registration: N547CT
Aircraft: FLIGHT DESIGN GMBH CTLS
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Abnormal runway contact
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional 

Analysis


The solo student pilot reported that, during the landing flare, he "felt an updraft" and the airplane landed hard. The airplane bounced, the nose landing gear struck the ground, bounced again, and the he performed a go-around. The student entered the traffic pattern and landed without further incident.

The student reported that, during the taxi to the ramp, the rudder pedals "felt funny". He added that, as he and the flight instructor put a cover over the airplane, he noticed the nose landing gear "looked funny".  He requested a local mechanic examine the airplane, and then decided to send the airplane to a repair station to be repaired.

During the airplane repair, it was revealed that the airplane sustained substantial damage to the engine mounts.

The student reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

A review of recorded data from the automated weather observation station located on the airport reported that, about 30 minutes before the accident, the wind was from 180° at 8 knots. The same weather observation station reported that, about 23 minutes after the accident, the wind was from 190° at 5 knots. The airplane landed on runway 22. 

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The student pilot's improper landing flare, which resulted in a hard, bounced landing. 

Findings

Aircraft
Landing flare - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Student pilot (Cause)

Environmental issues
Updraft - Effect on operation

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing-flare/touchdown
Other weather encounter

Landing
Hard landing
Abnormal runway contact (Defining event)
Attempted remediation/recovery

Student Pilot Information

Certificate: Student
Age: 68, Male
Airplane Rating(s): None
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 4-point
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: None None
Last FAA Medical Exam:
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time: (Estimated) 140 hours (Total, all aircraft), 130 hours (Total, this make and model)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: FLIGHT DESIGN GMBH
Registration: N547CT
Model/Series: CTLS NO SERIES
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 2008
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Special Light-Sport
Serial Number: 08-01-18
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 2
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 09/14/2017, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 1320 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection: 
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 456 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: ROTAX
ELT: Installed, activated, aided in locating accident
Engine Model/Series: 912ULS
Registered Owner: E&H TRANSPORTATION LLC
Rated Power: 100 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KUUU, 172 ft msl
Observation Time: 2100 UTC
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Direction from Accident Site: 269°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Few / 200 ft agl
Temperature/Dew Point: 17°C / 9°C
Lowest Ceiling:
Visibility:  10 Miles
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: 8 knots, 180°
Visibility (RVR):
Altimeter Setting: 30.2 inches Hg
Visibility (RVV):
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Newport, RI (UUU)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Newport, RI (UUU)
Type of Clearance: VFR
Departure Time: 1700 EDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: NEWPORT STATE (UUU)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 171 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 22
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 2999 ft / 75 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Touch and Go 

Wreckage and Impact Information


Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries:1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 41.533056, -71.279722 (est)

Cessna 182P Skylane, N8128M, registered to AHL Aviation LLC: Accident occurred November 27, 2017 at Black River Falls Area Airport (KBCK), Jackson County, Wisconsin

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms

Aviation Accident Data Summary - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf 

http://registry.faa.govN8128M

Location: Black River Falls, WI
Accident Number: GAA18CA058
Date & Time: 11/27/2017, 1200 CST
Registration: N8128M
Aircraft: CESSNA 182
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control in flight
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional 

Analysis

The solo student pilot in the high-performance airplane reported that, during approach, the airplane descended through turbulence. He added that the automated weather observation system reported wind "variable between 110 and 160", and he was landing on runway 8, so he "crabbed to the right". During the landing flare, he aligned the airplane with the runway centerline and "was quickly pushed left". The student added full power to go around and, about 30-50 ft off the ground, "a gust of wind caused [him] to bank/turn left" and the airplane impacted the ground.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the fuselage and right wing.

The student pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

The Federal Aviation Administration inspector reported that the student pilot did not possess a high-performance endorsement.

A review of recorded data from the automated weather observation station located on the airport reported that, about 5 minutes before the accident, the wind was from 140° at 8 knots, wind variable from 110° to 170°. The airplane landed on runway 8. 

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The student pilot's failure to maintain lateral control of the high-performance airplane during the go-around in crosswind conditions.

Findings

Aircraft
Lateral/bank control - Not attained/maintained (Cause)
Powerplant parameters - Not attained/maintained

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Student pilot (Cause)
Qualification/certification - Student pilot

Environmental issues
Crosswind - Effect on operation

Factual Information

History of Flight

Approach
Other weather encounter

Approach-VFR go-around
Loss of control in flight (Defining event)
Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)

Student Pilot Information

Certificate: Student
Age: 39, Male
Airplane Rating(s): None
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: BasicMed Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 05/09/2017
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time: (Estimated) 70 hours (Total, all aircraft), 70 hours (Total, this make and model), 19 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 19 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 2 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 2 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: CESSNA
Registration: N8128M
Model/Series: 182 P
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1976
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 18264544
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats:4 
Date/Type of Last Inspection:  Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2950 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time:
Engine Manufacturer: CONT MOTOR
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-470S
Registered Owner: AHL AVIATION LLC
Rated Power: 230 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KBCK, 837 ft msl
Observation Time: 1755 UTC
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Direction from Accident Site: 134°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Temperature/Dew Point: 11°C / 0°C
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility:  10 Miles
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: 8 knots, 140°
Visibility (RVR):
Altimeter Setting: 29.87 inches Hg
Visibility (RVV):
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: LA CROSSE, WI (LSE)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Black River Falls, WI (BCK)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1140 CST
Type of Airspace: Class G 

Airport Information


Airport: BLACK RIVER FALLS AREA (BCK)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 836 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 08
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 4601 ft / 75 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Straight-in 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 44.251389, -90.855556 (est)

Luscombe 8F, N1780K: Accident occurred November 23, 2017 in Caldwell, Burleson County, Texas

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Houston, Texas

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:  https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms


Aviation Accident Data Summary - National Transportation Safety Board:  https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

http://registry.faa.gov/N1780K

Location: Caldwell, TX
Accident Number: GAA18CA061
Date & Time: 11/23/2017, 1650 CST
Registration: N1780K
Aircraft: LUSCOMBE 8
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Aerodynamic stall/spin
Injuries: 2 Minor
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 


Analysis 

The pilot reported that, during the right downwind in the traffic pattern, he was about 1/4 mile from the runway, which was "too close." He added that, "during a poorly planned and executed base to final approach," he performed an "uncoordinated" right bank about 45°, and the right wing dropped, which resulted in a descending right roll. He attempted to recover, but the airplane impacted terrain.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the fuselage and right wing.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be: 
The pilot's failure to maintain yaw control and the exceedance of the airplane's critical angle of attack in the traffic pattern, which resulted in an aerodynamic stall/spin.

Findings

Aircraft
Yaw control - Not attained/maintained (Cause)
Angle of attack - Capability exceeded (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Pilot (Cause)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Approach-VFR pattern base
Miscellaneous/other
Aerodynamic stall/spin (Defining event)
Attempted remediation/recovery
Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 53, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 12/02/2015
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 01/04/2016
Flight Time: (Estimated) 589 hours (Total, all aircraft), 589 hours (Total, this make and model), 589 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 6 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 4.5 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 0.5 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: LUSCOMBE
Registration: N1780K
Model/Series: 8 F
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1946
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 4507
Landing Gear Type: Tailwheel
Seats: 2
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 09/01/2017, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 1400 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time:
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
ELT: C91  installed, activated, aided in locating accident
Engine Model/Series: C90-12F
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 90 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Dusk
Observation Facility, Elevation: KRWV, 391 ft msl
Observation Time: 0015 UTC
Distance from Accident Site: 1 Nautical Miles
Direction from Accident Site: 232°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Temperature/Dew Point: 13°C / 2°C
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility:  10 Miles
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: Calm
Visibility (RVR):
Altimeter Setting: 30.09 inches Hg
Visibility (RVV):
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Caldwell, TX (PVT)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Caldwell, TX (PVT)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1610 CST
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: Private (PVT)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 268 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 36
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 2700 ft / 50 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Traffic Pattern 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 Minor
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 1 Minor
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 Minor
Latitude, Longitude: 30.699444, -96.654722 (est)

Preventing Similar Accidents  

Prevent Aerodynamic Stalls at Low Altitude

While maneuvering an airplane at low altitude in visual meteorological conditions, many pilots fail to avoid conditions that lead to an aerodynamic stall, recognize the warning signs of a stall onset, and apply appropriate recovery techniques. Many stall accidents result when a pilot is momentarily distracted from the primary task of flying, such as while maneuvering in the airport traffic pattern, during an emergency, or when fixating on ground objects.

An aerodynamic stall can happen at any airspeed, at any altitude, and with any engine power setting. Pilots need to be honest with themselves about their knowledge of stalls and preparedness to recognize and handle a stall situation. Training can help pilots fully understand the stall phenomenon, including angle-of-attack (AOA) concepts and how weight, center of gravity, turbulence, maneuvering loads, and other factors can affect an airplane's stall characteristics. The stall characteristics may be different in each type of airplane, so learn them before you fly.

The stall airspeeds marked on the airspeed indicator (for example, the bottom of the green arc and the bottom of the white arc) typically represent steady flight speeds at 1G at the airplane's maximum gross weight in the specified configuration. Maneuvering loads and other factors can increase the airspeed at which the airplane will stall. For example, increasing bank angle can increase stall speed exponentially.

Reducing AOA by lowering the airplane's nose at the first indication of a stall is the most important immediate response for stall avoidance and stall recovery. This may seem counterintuitive at low altitudes, but is a necessary first step.

See http://www.ntsb.gov/safety/safety-alerts/documents/SA_019.pdf for additional resources.

The NTSB presents this information to prevent recurrence of similar accidents. Note that this should not be considered guidance from the regulator, nor does this supersede existing FAA Regulations (FARs).

Cessna 172S Skyhawk, N30SU, registered to and operated by Ohio State University Airport: Accident occurred November 14, 2017 at Ohio State University Airport (KOSU), Columbus, Ohio

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Columbus, Ohio

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms

Aviation Accident Data Summary - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf 

http://registry.faa.gov/N30SU

Location: Columbus, OH
Accident Number: GAA18CA046
Date & Time: 11/14/2017, 1035 EST
Registration: N30SU
Aircraft: TEXTRON AVIATION INC 172
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Abnormal runway contact
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional

Analysis

The solo student pilot reported that, during a touch-and-go landing, he landed flat. He added that the airplane porpoised and he heard a "thump". The student pilot performed a go-around, entered the traffic pattern, and landed without further incident.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the fuselage.

The student pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The student pilot's improper landing flare, which resulted in a porpoise. 

Findings

Aircraft
Landing flare - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Student pilot (Cause)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing
Abnormal runway contact (Defining event)
Loss of control on ground
Attempted remediation/recovery

Student Pilot Information

Certificate: Student
Age: 21, Male
Airplane Rating(s): None
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 05/18/2017
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 47 hours (Total, all aircraft), 47 hours (Total, this make and model), 1 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 16 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 6 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 1 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information


Aircraft Manufacturer: TEXTRON AVIATION INC
Registration: N30SU
Model/Series: 172 S
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 2015
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal; Utility
Serial Number: 172S11625
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 10/27/2017, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2558 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 1308.9 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: LYCOMING
ELT: C126 installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: IO-360-L2A
Registered Owner: OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY AIRPORT
Rated Power: 180 hp
Operator: OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY AIRPORT
Operating Certificate(s) Held: Pilot School (141)

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan


Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation:  KOSU, 905 ft msl
Observation Time: 1453 UTC
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Direction from Accident Site: 272°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Temperature/Dew Point: 4°C / 0°C
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility:  10 Miles
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: Calm
Visibility (RVR):
Altimeter Setting: 30.4 inches Hg
Visibility (RVV):
Precipitation and Obscuration:
Departure Point: Columbus, OH (OSU)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Columbus, OH (OSU)
Type of Clearance: VFR
Departure Time: 1020 EST
Type of Airspace: Class D

Airport Information


Airport: OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY (OSU)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 905 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 27L
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 5004 ft / 100 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Touch and Go; Traffic Pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude:  40.077778, -83.068056 (est)