Wednesday, February 19, 2020

Loss of Control on Ground: Air Tractor AT-504, N970FA; accident occurred February 08, 2020 at Fort Morgan Municipal Airport (KFMM), Colorado

Additional Participating Entity: 
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Denver, Colorado

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf


https://registry.faa.gov/N970FA


Location: Fort Morgan, CO
Accident Number:CEN20CA079 
Date & Time: 02/08/2020, 1240 MST
Registration: N970FA
Aircraft: Air Tractor AT-504
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional 

Both pilot's onboard the airplane reported that the purpose of the flight was to familiarize the pilot in the left seat with the airplane, of which he was appropriately rated yet had never flown. According to the pilot on the controls in the left seat, the tailwheel-equipped airplane bounced during landing on the asphalt runway. During the landing roll, the airplane veered to the left and he overcorrected to the right, followed by an overcorrection to the left. He applied heavy braking and the airplane turned 120° to the right and exited the right side of the runway. The left main landing gear tire deflated, and the wheel dug into the dirt surface. The airplane bounced, and the tailwheel-assembly failed and dug into the soft surface.

The airplane sustained damage to the aft fuselage and the empennage.

Pilot Information

Certificate: Commercial
Age: 32, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 01/23/2020
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:  01/19/2019
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 2824 hours (Total, all aircraft), 2 hours (Total, this make and model), 2726 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 20 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft)

Flight Instructor Information

Certificate: Airline Transport; Flight Instructor
Age:  58, Male 
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane Single-engine; Instrument Airplane
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 04/29/2019
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 05/18/2019
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 15186 hours (Total, all aircraft), 37 hours (Total, this make and model), 1500 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 62 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 13 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Air Tractor
Registration: N970FA
Model/Series: AT-504 No Series
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 2015
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate:Restricted 
Serial Number: 504-4028
Landing Gear Type: Tailwheel
Seats: 2
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 10/02/2019, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 9600 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Turbo Prop
Airframe Total Time: 1331.8 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Pratt & Whitney
ELT:
Engine Model/Series: PT-6-34AG
Registered Owner: CO Fire Aviation
Rated Power: 750 hp
Operator: CO Fire Aviation
Operating Certificate(s) Held: Agricultural Aircraft (137)

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KFMM, 4571 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 2055 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 129°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 7 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual:
Wind Direction: 40°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual:
Altimeter Setting: 29.63 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 15°C / -5°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Fort Morgan, CO (FMM)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Fort Morgan, CO (FMM)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1040 MST
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: FORT MORGAN MUNI (FMM)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 4595 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 32
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 5731 ft / 75 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Traffic Pattern 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 2 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude: 40.335556, -103.804167 (est)

Aerodynamic Stall/Spin: Cessna 182T Skylane, N2019A; accident occurred February 15, 2020 near Huron Regional Airport (KHON), Beadle County, South Dakota

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Rapid City, South Dakota

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf


Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms


https://registry.faa.gov/N2019A


Location: Huron, SD
Accident Number: CEN20CA086
Date & Time: 02/15/2020, 0913 CST
Registration: N2019A
Aircraft: Cessna 182
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Aerodynamic stall/spin
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

The private pilot stated that the airplane was low and at a slower than normal airspeed while on final approach. When the airplane was about 50 ft above the ground he reduced the engine power to idle to land, but the airplane entered an aerodynamic stall and descended into a snowbank short of the runway. Both wings were substantially damaged and the nose wheel collapsed during impact. The pilot also stated that there were no malfunctions with the airplane that would have contributed to the accident. 

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 68, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present:
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 01/16/2018
Occupational Pilot:No 
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time:  900 hours (Total, all aircraft), 150 hours (Total, this make and model), 850 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 80 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 0 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 0.7 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N2019A
Model/Series: 182 T
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 2005
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 18281698
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats:
Date/Type of Last Inspection:
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2348 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time:
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT:
Engine Model/Series: IO-540 SER
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power:
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KHON
Distance from Accident Site: 75 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1555 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 350°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 10 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual:
Wind Direction: 290°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual:
Altimeter Setting: 29.99 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: -3°C / -6°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Clark, SD (8D7)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Huron, SD (HON)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 0830 CST
Type of Airspace: Class E

Airport Information

Airport: HURON RGNL (HON)
Runway Surface Type: N/A
Airport Elevation: 1288 ft
Runway Surface Condition:
Runway Used: 30
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 7201 ft / 100 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Straight-in

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 44.379722, -98.218611 (est)