Friday, July 10, 2020

Beech D-45 (T-34B) Mentor, N341MR: Accident occurred June 03, 2020 in Ione, Amador County, California

https://registry.faa.gov/N341MR

NTSB Identification: WPR20CA199
14 CFR Part 91: General Aviation
Accident occurred Wednesday, June 3, 2020 in Ione, CA
Aircraft: Beech D 45, registration: N341MR

NTSB investigators will use data provided by various entities, including, but not limited to, the Federal Aviation Administration and/or the operator, and will not travel in support of this investigation to prepare this aircraft accident report.

Abnormal Runway Contact: Cessna 172M Skyhawk, N9391H; accident occurred July 01, 2020 at Chesapeake Regional Airport (KCPK), Norfolk, Virginia

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Richmond, Virginia

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

https://registry.faa.gov/N9391H 

Location: Chesapeake, VA
Accident Number:ERA20CA235
Date & Time: 07/01/2020, 0900 EDT
Registration: N9391H
Aircraft: Cessna 172
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Abnormal runway contact
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional

The student pilot reported that he performed practice maneuvers over a field for about 20 minutes before returning to the airport to practice landings. After becoming established on final approach, the airplane touched down "on the numbers," then proceeded to bounce with ever increasing frequency and severity. The airplane departed the runway surface, the nosewheel landing gear collapsed, and the fuselage was substantially damaged. The student pilot reported no preimpact mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Student Pilot Information

Certificate:Student
Age: 18, Male
Airplane Rating(s): None
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s):None
Restraint Used:3-point
Instrument Rating(s):None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s):None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 04/02/2020
Occupational Pilot:No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time: 32.6 hours (Total, all aircraft), 32.6 hours (Total, this make and model)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N9391H
Model/Series: 172 M
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture:
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 17266134
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 06/17/2020, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2299 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection: 46 Hours
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 9626.9 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer:Lycoming
ELT: C91A installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-320 SERIES
Registered Owner: Sunrise Aviation Inc
Rated Power: 160 hp
Operator: EPIX SERVICES LLC
Operating Certificate(s) Held: Pilot School (141)
Operator Does Business As: EPIX AVIATION
Operator Designator Code:

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: CPK, 19 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 1 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 0915 EDT
Direction from Accident Site:
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility: 10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 3 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 180°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 29.88 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 29°C / 20°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Chesapeake, VA (CPK)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Chesapeake, VA (CPK)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 0830 EDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: Chesapeake Rgnl (CPK)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 18 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 23
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 5500 ft / 100 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Traffic Pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 36.665000, -76.321111 (est)

Cessna 172M Skyhawk, N9127H: Accident occurred July 01, 2020 at Port Meadville Airport (KGKJ), Meadville, Crawford County, Pennsylvania

Moraine Flying Club Inc

https://registry.faa.gov/N9127H

NTSB Identification: ERA20CA236
14 CFR Part 91: General Aviation
Accident occurred Wednesday, July 1, 2020 in Meadville, PA
Aircraft: Cessna 172, registration: N9127H

NTSB investigators will use data provided by various entities, including, but not limited to, the Federal Aviation Administration and/or the operator, and will not travel in support of this investigation to prepare this aircraft accident report. 




VERNON TOWNSHIP — How and why a single-engine airplane slid over an embankment at Port Meadville Airport Wednesday night is under investigation this morning by the Federal Aviation Administration.

No one was injured in the incident which took place around 6:45 p.m., according to Marc Fox, the airport’s manager.

The Cessna 172M Skyhawk was piloted by Richard P. McCormick of Butler and McCormick’s wife, Antoinette, was a passenger in the aircraft.

The plane was taxiing and running up to prepare for take off using Runway 7 to fly east when it slipped over the embankment at the western end of the airport, Fox told the Tribune.

“The pilot told me ‘it got away from me,’ ” Fox told the Tribune.

Vernon Township Police Department, Conneaut Lake Regional Police Department, and Vernon Central Volunteer Fire Department assisted at the scene.

https://www.meadvilletribune.com



“It got away from me.”

Those were the words of the pilot of a  Cessna 172M Skyhawk that slid off the runway and over an embankment at Port Meadville Airport Wednesday evening.

The Federal Aviation Administration is investigating the mishap.

The plane was piloted by a Butler man who was preparing to take off according to what the airport manager told the Meadville Tribune.

Neither the pilot nor his wife, who was a passenger, were injured in the incident.

As of Thursday afternoon, the plane was still in the weeds.

https://www.yourerie.com

Loss of Control on Ground: Beech 76 Duchess, N20131; accident occurred July 2, 2020 at Crystal River Airport (KCGC), Citrus County, Florida


Additional Participating Entity:

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Tampa, Florida


Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board:  https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

https://registry.faa.gov/N20131

Location: Crystal River, FL

Accident Number: ERA20CA239
Date & Time: 07/02/2020, 1600 EDT
Registration: N20131
Aircraft: Beech 76
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional

The flight instructor was conducting a training flight with the private pilot in the multiengine airplane. The flight instructor said that shortly after the airplane began to accelerate down the runway, she pulled the left throttle to idle to simulate an engine failure on takeoff and the private pilot "froze." She told him to bring the engine power to idle and brake, which he did, but the airplane was already veering left. The flight instructor then took control of the airplane and shut off power to each engine, but the airplane exited the runway and impacted an embankment resulting in substantial damage to the fuselage. The private pilot said that he responded to the simulated engine failure by removing thrust on both engines, applying the brakes, and trying to maintain directional control; however, "Despite the measures taken, the plane skidded off the runway." The flight instructor reported that there were no preimpact mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation. 

Flight Instructor Information

Certificate: Flight Instructor; Commercial
Age: 37, Female
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land; Single-engine Sea
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s):
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane Multi-engine; Airplane Single-engine
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 10/22/2019
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 06/17/2020
Flight Time:  1651 hours (Total, all aircraft), 231 hours (Total, this make and model)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 45, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 01/08/2020
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 05/02/2020
Flight Time: 339 hours (Total, all aircraft), 7 hours (Total, this make and model)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Beech
Registration: N20131
Model/Series: 76 No Series
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1978
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: ME-82
Landing Gear Type: Retractable - Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 04/17/2020, 100 Hour
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 3900 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection: 24 Hours
Engines: 2 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 3968.1 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: C91A installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-360-AIG6D
Registered Owner: CAG Aircraft Holdings Llc
Rated Power: 180 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: Pilot School (141)

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: CGC, 8 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1635 EDT
Direction from Accident Site: 90°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 8 knots / 14 knots
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 270°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 29.93 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 32°C / 24°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Crystal River, FL (CGC)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Crystal River, FL (CGC)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1600 EDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: Crystal River-Captain Tom Davi (CGC)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 8 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 27
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 4557 ft / 75 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: None

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 2 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None

Latitude, Longitude: 28.870000, -82.570000 (est)

Abnormal Runway Contact: Aviat A-1B Husky, N526MA; accident occurred July 02, 2020 near Plattsburgh International Airport (KPBG), Clinton County, New York


Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Albany, New York

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

https://registry.faa.gov/N526MA 

Location: Plattsburgh, NY
Accident Number: ERA20CA241
Date & Time: 07/02/2020, 1420 EDT
Registration: N526MA
Aircraft: Aviat A1
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Abnormal runway contact
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal

According to the pilot, he overflew the area of intended landing to check for water depth, wind direction, and verify that it was a suitable landing area. While on final approach to the water, a boat crossed underneath the airplane. As the airplane landed on the water, it struck the boat wake, which resulted in the airplane "skip[ping]" over the water. When the airplane impacted the water again, the front float struts collapsed resulting in substantial damage to the fuselage. The pilot reported no preimpact mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation prior to the accident. 

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 35, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Front
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 07/16/2018
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 12/22/2019
Flight Time:  382 hours (Total, all aircraft), 26 hours (Total, this make and model), 338 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 36 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 34 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 1 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Aviat
Registration: N526MA
Model/Series: A1 B
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 2001
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 2142
Landing Gear Type: Amphibian;
Seats: 2
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 06/03/2020, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2200 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 1388 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-360-A1P
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 180 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: PBG, 234 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 2 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1353 EDT
Direction from Accident Site: 295°
Lowest Cloud Condition:
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: Broken / 11000 ft agl
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 5 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual:
Wind Direction: 130°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual:
Altimeter Setting: 29.75 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 27°C / 21°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Burlington, VT (BTV)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Plattsburgh, NY (PBG)
Type of Clearance: Traffic Advisory
Departure Time: 1411 EDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: Plattsburgh Intl (PBG)
Runway Surface Type: Water
Airport Elevation: 234 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Water--choppy
Runway Used: N/A
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width:
VFR Approach/Landing: Traffic Pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude: 44.636111, -73.425278 (est)

PLATTSBURGH — The Clinton County Sheriff's Department Marine Patrol assisted the U.S. Coast Guard with an incident involving an aircraft on Lake Champlain near Valcour Island, Clinton County Emergency Services Director Eric Day said.

The incident occurred around 4 p.m. Thursday afternoon when there was a mishap when a Aviat A-1B Husky landed on the water, a Coast Guard spokesperson said.

Although details of what happened were not available, the nose of the aircraft could be seen slightly submerged in the lake water.

Clinton County Dispatch was notified of the occurrence by the Coast Guard, Day said, and County Emergency Services coordinated with the sheriff’s department and Coast Guard and made notification to other agencies including Plattsburgh International Airport and Department of Environmental Conservation Forest Rangers.

The Aviat A-1B Husky was later towed to Plattsburgh Boat Basin marina with the assistance of a Sheriff's boat, arriving there shortly after 6 p.m.

No injuries were reported in the mishap which is reported to have involved a boat as well, Day said.

The coast guard spokesperson added that the incident will be investigated by the Federal Aviation Administration.

https://www.pressrepublican.com

Mooney M20TN, C-GTVS: Accident occurred July 07, 2020 at Central Colorado Regional Airport (KAEJ), Buena Vista, Chaffee County, Colorado

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident.

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Denver, Colorado

Aviation Accident Preliminary Report - National Transportation Safety Board:  https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

https://wwwapps.tc.gc.ca

Location: Buena Vista, CO
Accident Number: CEN20LA268
Date & Time: 07/07/2020, 1344 MDT
Registration: C-GTVS
Aircraft: Mooney M20TN
Injuries:1 Serious
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal

On July 7, 2020, about 1344 mountain daylight time, a Mooney M20TN airplane, Canadian registered C-GTVS, was substantially damaged when it was involved in an accident at the Central Colorado Regional Airport, Buena Vista, Colorado. The pilot was seriously injured. The airplane was operated as a Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91 personal flight.

A witness, who was located at the airport, reported that he observed the airplane takeoff from runway 15 with no problems noted. The airplane then suddenly impacted the runway surface. A post crash fire ensued. The witness responded to the accident location to assist the pilot.

Postaccident examination of the airplane revealed the fuselage cockpit and cabin area, and forward right wing were consumed by fire. Flight control continuity was established to all flight control surfaces. 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Mooney
Registration: C-GTVS
Model/Series: M20TN No Series
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Amateur Built: No
Operator: David Seychell
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: AEJ, 7950 ft msl
Observation Time: 1355 MDT
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Temperature/Dew Point: 26°C / -3°C
Lowest Cloud Condition: Scattered / 12000 ft agl
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: 18 knots / 25 knots, 150°
Lowest Ceiling:
Visibility:  10 Miles
Altimeter Setting: 30.23 inches Hg
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Departure Point: Buena Vista, CO (AEJ)
Destination:

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 Serious
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: On-Ground
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 Serious
Latitude, Longitude: 38.813611, -106.121389 (est)

Chaffee County Sheriff's Office
PRESS RELEASE
July 7, 2020

On July 7, 2020 at 1347 hrs the Chaffee County Communications Center received information of a plane that was on fire at the Buena Vista Airport.

When emergency personnel arrived they learned that a single engine aircraft was taking off and was just becoming airborne when it hit the runway causing it to burst into flames. The plane came to rest just off the runway and the pilot was able to escape on his own.

The pilot, identity unknown, was transported to HRRMC by Chaffee County EMS and was then airlifted to a regional burn center.

The FAA and NTSB were both notified and will investigate the incident.

Also assisting were the Buena Vista Police Department, Buena Vista Fire and Chaffee Fire.

Lost of Control in Flight: Piper PA-28R-200 Arrow, N4504X; fatal accident occurred February 12, 2017 in Cedar Key, Florida

Jasper Jerrels, 65 and his fiancée Hue Pham Singletary, 65.

 Jasper Jerrels’ 17-year-old son, Dylan.


The National Transportation Safety Board traveled to the scene of this accident.

Additional Participating Entities:

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Tampa, Florida
Piper Aircraft; Vero Beach, Florida
Lycoming Engines; Williamsport, Pennsylvania

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf


Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms


http://registry.faa.gov/N4504X 

Location: Cedar Key, FL
Accident Number: ERA17FA108
Date & Time: 02/12/2017, 1106 EST
Registration: N4504X
Aircraft: PIPER PA28R
Aircraft Damage: Destroyed
Defining Event: Loss of control in flight
Injuries: 3 Fatal
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal

Analysis 

The non-instrument rated private pilot departed in the airplane in visual meteorological conditions, which prevailed along most of the route of the over-water cross-country flight. However, about 20 miles from the destination airport, the airplane encountered an area of instrument meteorological conditions (IMC) that consisted of overcast clouds with bases about 400 ft above the water. According to GPS data, when the airplane reached this area, it began to descend from a cruising altitude of 2,400 ft. About 7 minutes later, at an altitude of about 1,000 ft, the airplane began a left, descending, 180° turn during which the altitude fluctuated until the data ended about 600 ft above the water near the accident site. The airplane continued to descend until it impacted the water. Examination of the wreckage did not reveal any evidence of preimpact mechanical malfunctions that would have precluded normal operation. The pilot had logged only 4.6 hours of simulated instrument experience and had no documented actual instrument experience. No evidence was found indicating that the pilot obtained an official weather briefing before the flight. If he had obtained such a briefing, he would have been told that visual flight rules (VFR) flight was not recommended due to IMC near the destination airport. Given the instrument conditions in the destination area and the pilot's limited instrument flying experience, it is likely that the pilot attempted to continue VFR flight into IMC, experienced spatial disorientation, and lost control of the airplane. 

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The non-instrument-rated pilot's improper decision to continue visual flight rules flight into instrument meteorological conditions, which resulted in spatial disorientation and a loss of airplane control. 

Findings

Aircraft
Performance/control parameters - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Decision making/judgment - Pilot (Cause)
Spatial disorientation - Pilot (Cause)
Aircraft control - Pilot (Cause)
Total instrument experience - Pilot (Cause)

Environmental issues
Low ceiling - Decision related to condition (Cause)
Below VFR minima - Decision related to condition (Cause)
Below VFR minima - Ability to respond/compensate (Cause)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Enroute-descent
Loss of control in flight (Defining event)

Uncontrolled descent

Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)

On February 12, 2017, about 1106 eastern standard time, a Piper PA-28R-200, N4504X, was destroyed when it impacted the Gulf of Mexico about 7 miles southeast of Cedar Key, Florida. The private pilot and two passengers were fatally injured. The airplane was registered to Flying Arrow, LLC and was being operated by the pilot under the provisions of Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91. Instrument meteorological conditions prevailed in the area of the accident site, and no flight plan was filed for the personal flight. The flight departed Brooksville-Tampa Bay Regional Airport (BKV), Brooksville, Florida, at 1037, destined for George T. Lewis Airport (CDK), Cedar Key, Florida.

According to GPS data recovered from a handheld device onboard the airplane, the airplane flew a northwesterly track from BKV toward CDK at a cruising altitude of about 2,400 ft mean sea level (msl) over coastal islands and the Gulf of Mexico. Review of the GPS track and satellite imagery indicated that about 20 nautical miles southeast of CDK, the airplane began to gradually descend near a line of overcast cloud cover that ran from southwest to northeast. Weather data from the closest available reporting stations and from pilot reports indicated that the cloud bases decreased in height from south to north. About 3 minutes later, the airplane's descent rate increased to about 250 ft per minute (fpm) as the airplane continued its northwesterly track. About 4 minutes later, when the airplane was about 7 nautical miles from CDK at an altitude of about 1,000 ft msl, the airplane began a descending left 180° turn. During the turn, the vertical speed varied, and the airplane began a brief climb before descending again at a rate of about 2,900 fpm; the recorded data ended at an altitude of about 570 ft msl. 

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 65, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: Unknown
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: Yes
Medical Certification: Class 3 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 02/19/2015
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 08/13/2016
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 606 hours (Total, all aircraft), 300 hours (Total, this make and model), 3 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft) 

According to Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) airmen records, the pilot held a private pilot certificate with a rating for airplane single-engine land. He did not possess an instrument rating. His most recent FAA third-class medical certificate was issued February 19, 2015, at which time he reported 579 total hours of flight experience. According to his logbook, as of January 28, 2017, he had accrued a total of 606 hours of flight experience that included 3 hours in the 90 days preceding the accident. He had logged a total of 4.6 hours of simulated instrument flight time of which the most recent was 0.3 hour during his last flight review performed on August 13, 2016, in the accident airplane.

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: PIPER
Registration: N4504X
Model/Series: PA28R 200
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1975
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 28R-7635065
Landing Gear Type: Retractable - Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 05/01/2016, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2600 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection: 14 Hours
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 2806.2 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: C91  installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: IO-360-C1C
Registered Owner: FLYING ARROW LLC
Rated Power: 200 hp
Operator: FLYING ARROW LLC
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

According to FAA records, the airplane was manufactured in 1975. It was equipped with a fuel-injected, horizontally-opposed four-cylinder, direct-drive, air-cooled Lycoming IO-360-C1C engine. Damaged portions of the maintenance logbook were found inside the airplane. The most recent annual inspection was completed May 1, 2016, at 2,806 total airframe hours. The airplane had accrued 14 hours since that date. The engine total time and time since overhaul could not be determined from the logbook remnants.

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Instrument Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KCTY, 42 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 36 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1055 EST
Direction from Accident Site: 348°
Lowest Cloud Condition:
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: Overcast / 400 ft agl
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 5 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 240°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.25 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 19°C / 18°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: BROOKSVILLE, FL (BKV)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: CEDAR KEY, FL (CDK)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1037 EST
Type of Airspace: Class G 

There was no record of the pilot obtaining an official weather briefing from flight service or via direct user access terminal.

The Cross City Airport (CTY), Cross City, Florida, located about 36 miles north of the accident site, was the nearest weather reporting station. At 1055, the reported weather at CTY included an overcast ceiling at 400 ft above ground level (agl) with a visibility of 10 miles. Atmospheric models and data from other nearby stations indicated that the conditions at the accident site included fog and low stratus cloud cover up to about 4,000 ft agl. The weather reported for the airplane's route of flight south of the accident location indicated visual meteorological conditions with clear skies below 12,000 ft agl and visibility greater than 5 miles.

The National Weather Service issued an area forecast at 0648 for northern Florida that advised to expect scattered to broken clouds at 1,000 ft agl with visibility 3 miles in mist and scattered clouds at 1,500 ft were expected by 1100. The forecast for the eastern panhandle of Florida included overcast clouds at 1,000 ft agl with visibility 3 miles in mist. Advisories issued at the time of this forecast warned of instrument meteorological conditions at and near the accident site and the destination airport. 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 Fatal
Aircraft Damage: Destroyed
Passenger Injuries: 2 Fatal
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 3 Fatal
Latitude, Longitude: 29.049167, -82.968056 (est) 

The airplane was recovered from the Gulf of Mexico and moved to a secure facility for examination. All major components of the airplane were accounted for except for a large section of the left wing that included the left main landing gear. Flight control continuity was established from the cockpit area through recovery cuts to the attach points on the rudder, stabilator, and stabilator trim jackscrew. Aileron control continuity was established from the cockpit area through overload fractures to the right aileron pushrod and to the root area of the left wing. The right main and nose landing gears were found in the retracted position. The flaps were not recovered; however, the left rod end of the flap torque tube was found in the forward position, consistent with a fully retracted position.

The engine was separated from the airframe. The propeller remained attached to the engine crankshaft flange, and the spinner was crushed against the hub. Two of the propeller blades exhibited longitudinal twisting. The third blade was bent aft about 180° and exhibited leading edge gouging at a distance from the hub consistent with impact damage found on the No. 2 engine cylinder.

The engine was rotated by hand at the propeller, and crankshaft continuity was observed to the rear accessory section. Valve action was observed at each cylinder, and thumb compression and suction were present on cylinders Nos. 1 and 3. Cylinder No. 2 was significantly damaged and exhibited an impact mark consistent with a strike from a propeller blade. A damaged spark plug precluded compression testing of cylinder No. 4. Neither magneto produced spark when rotated by hand. Internal examination of both magnetos revealed that sand, water, and corrosion were present. The vacuum pump remained attached to the engine; the drive coupling, carbon rotor, and carbon vanes were intact. 

Medical And Pathological Information


The Office of the Medical Examiner, District 8, Gainesville, Florida, performed an autopsy on the pilot. The cause of death was listed as massive injuries.

The FAA Bioaeronautical Sciences Research Laboratory, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, performed toxicological testing on the pilot. Results were positive for pioglitazone and sitagliptin, which are used treat type 2 diabetes and to lower blood sugar levels, respectively. In general, neither of these medications are considered to be impairing.









Pilot Logbook Excerpts 


Maintenance Logbook Excerpts 


Global Positioning System Device