Monday, August 6, 2018

PZL-Mielec M-18 Dromader, registered to and operated by Jersey Devil Dusters LLC, N851EJ: Accident occurred August 04, 2018 Dansville, New York

Additional Participating:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Rochester, New York

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf 

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms 


http://registry.faa.gov/N851EJ

Location: Dansville, NY
Accident Number: GAA18CA502
Date & Time: 08/04/2018, 1400 EDT
Registration: N851EJ
Aircraft: WSK PZL MIELEC M-18A
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Low altitude operation/event
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 137: Agricultural 

The pilot reported that he was performing an aerial application flight to a corn field which had a tree line running west to east on the north side of the field and another tree line running north to south on the east end of the field. He was making application passes from east to west and started at the south side of the field progressing northward toward the tree line with each pass. He added that he noticed that the wind speeds increased, to about 10 to 12 mph. During the second to last spray pass, while heading west, he came over the east end tree line and descended to 5 to 10 ft above the crop. About 300 ft into the field, the airplane began to descend rapidly, and he pitched the nose of the airplane up. He added that the descent rate continued, and the airplane began to lose airspeed. The landing gear struck the corn, the airplane impacted terrain and came to rest inverted.

The pilot added that he believed a combination of descending air that rolled over the north line of trees, wind shear, and the low altitude flying, and reduced margin of error for the proper application of pesticide caused the accident.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the empennage.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

A weather station, located about 3 miles to the northeast of the accident site, about the time of the accident, reported temperature 85.3°F, dew point 68.3°F, and wind from 293° at 6 mph, gusting to 8 mph.

Pilot Information

Certificate: Commercial
Age: 30, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Front
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 4-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 11/27/2017
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 05/23/2017
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 1396 hours (Total, all aircraft), 28.4 hours (Total, this make and model), 1339 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 101.9 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 65.8 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 7.3 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: WSK PZL MIELEC
Registration: N851EJ
Model/Series: M-18A
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture:
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Restricted
Serial Number: 1Z017-24
Landing Gear Type: Tailwheel
Seats: 2
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 07/07/2018, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 10340 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 2795.1 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: WSK-PZL
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: ASZ-62IR-M18
Registered Owner: JERSEY DEVIL DUSTERS LLC
Rated Power: 980 hp
Operator: JERSEY DEVIL DUSTERS LLC
Operating Certificate(s) Held: Agricultural Aircraft (137) 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KDSV, 662 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 18 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1754 UTC
Direction from Accident Site:356° 
Lowest Cloud Condition: Few / 4900 ft agl
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling:
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 6 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 240°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.1 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 29°C / 18°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Hornell, NY (HTF)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Hornell, NY (HTF)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1345 EDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude:  42.272222, -77.684722 (est)

Piper PA-34-200T, N7693F: Incident occurred August 05, 2018 at Niagara Falls International Airport (KIAG), Niagara County, New York

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Rochester, New York

Gear door fell off on takeoff.

Rare Eagle LLC

http://registry.faa.gov/N7693F

Date: 05-AUG-18
Time: 18:52:00Z
Regis#: N7693F
Aircraft Make: PIPER
Aircraft Model: PA 34 200T
Event Type: INCIDENT
Highest Injury: UNKNOWN
Aircraft Missing: No
Damage: UNKNOWN
Activity: MILITARY
Flight Phase: TAKEOFF (TOF)
City: NIAGARA FALLS
State: NEW YORK

System / Composite Malfunction / Failure (non-power): Columbia Lancair-LC-41-550FG, N2546B, accident occurred August 03, 2018 at Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport (KDFW), Texas

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident.

Additional Participating Entity:

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Irving, North Texas

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf


Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms 
 
http://registry.faa.gov/N2546B


Location: Dallas, TX
Accident Number: CEN18LA315
Date & Time: 08/03/2018, 0815 CDT
Registration: N2546B
Aircraft:  COLUMBIA AIRCRAFT MFG LC41-550FG
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Sys/Comp malf/fail (non-power)
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under:
Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

On August 3, 2018, about 0815 central daylight time, a Columbia Aircraft Manufacturing LC41-550FG, N2546B, departed the taxiway and collided with a taxiway sign while taxiing at Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport (DFW), Dallas, Texas. The private pilot was not injured, and the airplane sustained substantial damage. The airplane was registered to and operated by Reitz Offshore Logistics, LLC, under the provisions of Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 91 without a flight plan. Day visual meteorological conditions prevailed for the cross-country flight that departed Wiley Post Airport (PWA), Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, about 0715.

According to the pilot, after an uneventful landing on runway 17L he was issued taxi instructions to a fixed base operator (FBO) on the general aviation ramp. The pilot reported that the taxi was uneventful until the right turn from taxiway K to taxiway Z. He stated that the airplane did not respond to a full application of right rudder and brake pedal. Additionally, an application of the left brake pedal did not slow the airplane. The airplane departed the taxiway and went into a grass median where the right wing impacted a lighted taxiway sign.

A postaccident examination of the airplane was completed by Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) inspectors with the North Texas Flight Standards District Office. The upper and lower composite skins of the right wing were fractured and crushed over an area measuring about 2.5 ft wide. The airplane was not equipped with nosewheel steering and relied on differential brake input to steer the airplane while on the ground. The FAA inspectors noted that the brake pads for both main landing gear brake pads were worn excessively, which allowed brake fluid to leak past their respective O-ring seals when the brake pedals were depressed. Additionally, the right main tire was deflated and exhibited rotational scoring where the wheel rim had contacted the tire. 

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 32, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 11/06/2013
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 02/10/2017
Flight Time:  1122.9 hours (Total, all aircraft), 214.1 hours (Total, this make and model), 1122.9 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 93.7 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 31.9 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 1 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: COLUMBIA AIRCRAFT MFG
Registration: N2546B
Model/Series: LC41-550FG
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 2006
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 41582
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 03/28/2018, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 3600 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection: 129 Hours
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 696 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: TSIO-550-C9
Registered Owner: Reitz Offshore Logistics, LLC
Rated Power: 310 hp
Operator: Reitz Offshore Logistics, LLC
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: DFW, 607 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 0753 CDT
Direction from Accident Site:
Lowest Cloud Condition: Few / 11000 ft agl
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling:
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 6 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / Clear Air
Wind Direction: 120°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.05 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 24°C / 14°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Oklahoma City, OK (PWA)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Dallas, TX (DFW)
Type of Clearance: VFR
Departure Time: 0715 CDT
Type of Airspace: Class B

Airport Information

Airport: Dallas-Fort Worth Intl (DFW)
Runway Surface Type: N/A
Airport Elevation: 607 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: N/A
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width:
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None

Latitude, Longitude:  32.897222, -97.037778 (est)

Location: Dallas, TX
Accident Number: CEN18LA315
Date & Time: 08/03/2018, 0810 CDT
Registration: N2546B
Aircraft: COLUMBIA AIRCRAFT MFG LC41-550FG
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

On August 3, 2018, about 0810 central daylight time, a Columbia Aircraft Manufacturing LC42-550FG, N2546B, departed the taxiway and collided with a taxiway sign while taxiing at Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport (DFW), Dallas, Texas. The private pilot was not injured, and the airplane sustained substantial damage. The airplane was registered to and operated by Reitz Offshore Logistics, LLC, under the provisions of Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 91. Day visual meteorological conditions prevailed for the cross-country flight that departed Wiley Post Airport (PWA), Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, about 0715.

According to the pilot, after an uneventful landing on runway 17L he was issued taxi instructions to a fixed base operator (FBO) on the general aviation ramp. The pilot reported that the taxi was uneventful until the right turn from taxiway K to taxiway Z. He stated that the airplane did not respond to a full application of right rudder and brake pedal. Additionally, an application of the left brake pedal did not slow the airplane. The airplane departed the taxiway and went into a grass median where the right wing impacted a lighted taxiway sign.

A postaccident examination of the airplane was completed by Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) inspectors with the North Texas Flight Standards District Office. The right wing upper and lower composite skins were fractured and crushed over an area measuring about 2.5 ft wide. The FAA inspectors noted that both right and left main landing gear brake pads were worn excessively, which allowed brake fluid to leak past their respective O-ring seals when the cockpit brake pedals were depressed. Additionally, the right main tire was uninflated and exhibited rotational scoring where the wheel rim had contacted the tire. 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: COLUMBIA AIRCRAFT MFG
Registration: N2546B
Model/Series: LC41-550FG
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Amateur Built:  No
Operator: Reitz Offshore Logistics, LLC
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: DFW, 607 ft msl
Observation Time: 0753 CDT
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Temperature/Dew Point: 24°C / 14°C
Lowest Cloud Condition: Few / 11000 ft agl
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: 6 knots / , 120°
Lowest Ceiling:
Visibility:  10 Miles
Altimeter Setting: 30.05 inches Hg
Type of Flight Plan Filed:
Departure Point: Oklahoma City, OK (PWA)
Destination:  Dallas, TX (DFW)

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude:  32.897222, -97.037778 (est)

Modification 1 of 1
01/16/2007

THE FOLLOWING EQUIPMENT WAS REMOVED TO FACILITATE INSTALLATION OF THE FERRY FUEL SYSTEM SEATS 2, 3, & 4, & THREE 02 BOTTLES. INSTALLED: 230 GAL CAPACITY SYNTHETIC BLADDER TANK AFT OF PILOT SEAT AREA AND A 30 GAL CAPACITY SYNTHETIC BLADDER TANK IN CO-PILOT SEAT AREA TANKS ARE SECURED TO CARGO HOLD DOWN RINGS AND SEAT BELT ATTACH POINTS WITH NYLON STRAPS. FUEL ROUTED FROM FERRY TANKS THROUGH FLEXIBLE LINES, PUMPS AND VALVES OUT THE LEFT HAND WING ROOT OUT THROUGH THE WING INTO A SPECIAL FUEL CAP. AN HF RADIO SYSTEM INSTALLED CONSISTING OF A KENWOOD TRANSCEIVER MODEL #TS-50 AND A SMART TURNER MODEL #S6-230. A LONG WIRE ANTENNA ALSO INSTALLED. SYSTEMS WERE FUNCTIONALLY TESTED OK WEIGHT AND BALANCE ADDENDUM FOR OVER GROSS WEIGHT OPERATION. THESE SYSTEMS TO BE REMOVED AND AIRCRAFT RETURNED TO NORMAL CONFIGURATION AFTER FERRY FLIGHT TERMINATES. NO PERSON MAY OPERATE THIS AIRCRAFT AS ALTERED, UNLESS IT HAS WITHIN IT AN APPROPR
IATE AND CURRENT SPECIAL FLIGHT PERMIT ISSUED UNDER FAR PART 21.

Loss of Lift: Jensen ICP Savannah, N951RA, accident occurred August 05, 2018 near West Desert Airpark (UT99), Fairfield, Utah

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident.

Additional Participating Entity:

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Salt Lake City, Utah

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf


Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms

http://registry.faa.gov/N951RA

Location: Fairfield, UT
Accident Number: WPR18TA212
Date & Time: 08/05/2018, 0800 MDT
Registration: N951RA
Aircraft: ICP Savannah
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of lift
Injuries: 1 Minor
Flight Conducted Under:  Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

On August 05, 2018, about 0800 mountain daylight time, an experimental Jensen ICP Savannah airplane, N951RA, encountered a downdraft and impacted terrain short of the runway at the West Desert Airpark, Fairfield, Utah. The private pilot received minor injuries; the airplane sustained substantial damage to the right wing. The airplane was registered to and operated by the pilot under the provisions of Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91. Day visual meteorological conditions prevailed, and no flight plan had been filed. The personal cross-country flight originated from Spanish Fork Airport Springville-Woodhouse Field, Spanish Fork, Utah, about 0700 and was destined for Fairfield.

The pilot stated that while on the base leg of the traffic pattern, the airplane experienced a loss of lift. Despite his attempts to arrest the descent by adding full throttle, the airplane collided with the desert terrain short of the runway.

The pilot opined that the airplane had likely encountered a severe downdraft and the engine power was not sufficient to overcome the resulting descent rate. He thought that the accident may have been prevented if he had configured the airplane to land in a steeper and higher approach combined with more airspeed. He further stated that there were no mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 61
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 03/01/2018
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 03/19/2017
Flight Time:  606 hours (Total, all aircraft), 379 hours (Total, this make and model), 555 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 8 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 4 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: ICP
Registration: N951RA
Model/Series: Savannah
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 2010
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Experimental
Serial Number: 05-01-51-365
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 2
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 12/12/2017, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.:
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time:
Engine Manufacturer: Rotax
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: 912ULS
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 100 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KPVU, 4497 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 17 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1356 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 99°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 4 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: /
Wind Direction: 140°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: /
Altimeter Setting: 29.99 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 19°C / 13°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Spanish Fork, UT (SPK)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Fairfield, UT (UT99)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 0700 MDT
Type of Airspace: Class E

Airport Information

Airport: West Desert Airpark (UT99)
Runway Surface Type: Dirt
Airport Elevation: 4902 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry; Soft
Runway Used: N/A
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width:
VFR Approach/Landing: Traffic Pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 Minor
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 Minor

Latitude, Longitude:  40.262222, -112.093056 (est)

Location: Fairfield, UT
Accident Number: WPR18TA212
Date & Time: 08/05/2018, 0800 MDT
Registration: N951RA
Aircraft: ICP Savannah
Injuries: 1 Minor
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

On August 05, 2018, about 0800 mountain daylight time, an experimental Jensen ICP Savannah airplane, N951RA, encountered a downdraft and impacted terrain short of the runway at the West Desert Airpark, Fairfield, Utah. The private pilot received minor injuries; the airplane sustained substantial damage to the right wing. The airplane was registered to and operated by the pilot under the provisions of Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91. Day visual meteorological conditions prevailed, and no flight plan had been filed. The personal cross-country flight originated from Spanish Fork Airport Springville-Woodhouse Field, Spanish Fork, Utah, about 0700 and was destined for Fairfield.

The pilot stated that while on the base leg of the traffic pattern, the airplane experienced a loss of lift. Despite his attempts to arrest the descent by adding full throttle, the airplane collided with the desert terrain short of the runway.

The pilot opined that the airplane had likely encountered a severe downdraft and the engine power was not sufficient to overcome the resulting descent rate. He thought that the accident may have been prevented if he had configured the airplane to land in a steeper and higher approach combined with more airspeed. He further stated that there were no mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation. 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: ICP
Registration: N951RA
Model/Series: Savannah
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Amateur Built: No
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KPVU, 4497 ft msl
Observation Time: 1356 UTC
Distance from Accident Site: 17 Nautical Miles
Temperature/Dew Point: 19°C / 13°C
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: 4 knots / , 140°
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility: 10 Miles
Altimeter Setting: 29.99 inches Hg
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Departure Point: Spanish Fork, UT (SPK)
Destination: Fairfield, UT (UT99) 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 Minor
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 Minor
Latitude, Longitude:  40.262222, -112.093056 (est)

Bellanca 17-31A Turbo Viking, newly registered to and operated by the pilot, N93668: Accident occurred October 16, 2016 at McAlester Regional Airport (KMLC), Pittsburg County, Oklahoma


The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident.

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Oklahoma City, Oklahoma

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms

http://registry.faa.gov/N93668 



Location: McAlester, OK
Accident Number: CEN17LA019
Date & Time: 10/16/2016, 1205 CDT
Registration: N93668
Aircraft: BELLANCA 17-31A
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Fuel starvation
Injuries: 2 Serious
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional 

On October 16, 2016, at 1205 central daylight time, a Bellanca 17-31A, N93668, experienced a loss of engine power during climb from a touch-and-go landing on runway 20 at Mc Alester Regional Airport (MLC), Mc Alester, Oklahoma. The airplane sustained substantial damage. The flight instructor and a private pilot/airplane owner received serious injuries. The airplane was newly registered to and operated by the pilot under Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91 as an airplane checkout instructional flight. Day visual meteorological conditions prevailed at the time of the accident. The flight originated from Sundance Airport (HSD), Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, about 0930.

A National Transportation Safety Board Pilot/Operator Accident/Incident Report (form 6120.1) was not received from the pilot.

According to the Federal Aviation Administration Coordinator for the accident, the flight was for the purposes of an aircraft checkout and flight review for the pilot. An aircraft bill of sale showed the pilot as the purchaser of the airplane and was dated October 13, 2016.

The flight instructor stated, in his form 6120.1, that the airplane was preflighted and topped off with fuel at HSD. He stated that his flight planning calculations indicated there would be 30 gallons of fuel remaining upon arrival at MLC. He stated that the flight departed at 0930 and was flown to Ponca City Regional Airport (PNC), Ponca City, Oklahoma, where an instrument approach and a touch-and-go landing were performed. He then flew to Tulsa International Airport (TUL), Tulsa, Oklahoma, where a touch-and-go landing was performed, followed by a flight to MLC.

The flight instructor stated that during a visual approach to MLC, the left fuel tank was selected since it was the fullest tank. The flight instructor stated that at MLC, the fuel gauges indicated the left fuel tank was less than ½ full, and the right fuel tank was above ¼ full. The auxiliary fuel tank was full. After a touch-and-go landing on runway 20, the airplane experienced a loss of power while climbing through 100 feet above ground level. The flight instructor told the pilot to fly a best glide speed. The flight instructor verified that the fuel selector was positioned to the left fuel tank, the mixture was full rich, and the propeller and throttle were in their full forward positions. The flight instructor stated that about two seconds elapsed from the time of the engine power loss to his flaring the airplane for landing.

Post-accident examination revealed the airplane touched down on a field about 200 feet south of the departure end runway 20. The airplane impacted terrain upright and slid 30-40 feet sustaining substantial damage to both wing spars; no post-impact fire ensued. Damage to the propeller blades were consistent with torsional rotation.

The left and right tanks contained no useable fuel. The auxiliary fuel tank was approximately full. The main fuel supply line from the fire wall to the gascolator, to the engine driven pump, to the fuel servo and to the flow divider were disconnected to check for the presence of fuel, and no or only several drops of liquid consistent in odor with aviation fuel was present. These lines were intact and not broken open. The bottom fuselage area near the fuel selector sustained impact damage, and the fuel lines were separated at the fuel selector valve fittings. The gascolator screen did not contain debris, and the gascolator bowl contained a few drops of liquid consistent in odor with aviation fuel.

Post-accident examination of the fuel selector was unable to determine selector position due to shifting during impact. The pilot stated that he could not detect the fuel detent and moved the selector to the left fuel tank position using the position indicator light as a reference.

The airplane total time at the last annual inspection was 2,724.15 hours. The engine was a Lycoming IO-540-K1E5 with serial number L-11719-48. The airplane total time since new at the annual inspection was 2,489.15 hours. The tachometer reading at the accident site was 2,480.20 hours.

The engine was rotated through and air was drawn into and expelled from the bottom spark plug holes after these spark plugs were removed. The compression exhibited during engine rotation by hand through the bottom spark plug holes was low. Engine and valve train continuity to the accessory section was confirmed. Both magnetos were rotated and electrical continuity through the ignition harness was confirmed.

The left turbocharger was Garrett Allied Signal, part number 600572-00, serial number 1245 and the right turbocharger was Rajay Industries, part number 315 F 10-2, serial number 2544. Both turbocharger impellers were able to be rotated by hand. There was no record that the turbochargers had been overhauled since the original engine installation at the time that the airplane was manufactured. The turbocharger exhaust bypass valves contained dirt and debris. The exhaust pipes were corroded to a thickness consistent with an unairworthy condition. Duct and packing tape was used to secure a piece of engine baffle to the front of the engine.

The engine had safety wire installed in place of required hardware that included cotter pins, nuts, bolts and washers.

A post-accident calibration check of the fuel tank transmitters was not performed.

The flight instructor stated the he "trusted" the airplane owner's maintenance of the airplane. The flight instructor stated that he did not use the electric auxiliary fuel pump during selection of fuel tanks from the right main fuel tank to the left main fuel tank. He did not attempt use the electric auxiliary fuel pump following the engine power loss because of the elapsed time from the engine power loss to landing the airplane. He said that the use of the electric auxiliary fuel pump would not have remediated fuel because there was not enough time available for it to take effect. He said that he now teaches to change fuel tank selection outside of the airport traffic pattern because the engine is operating at a greater fuel flow demand than in the traffic pattern.

The airplane operations manual states that the electric auxiliary switch is provided for only starting and in the event the engine driven fuel pump fails. The operations manual checklist for landing states that the fuel selector is to be selected to the fullest tank. 



Flight Instructor Information

Certificate: Flight Instructor
Age: 49, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: Lap Only
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane Multi-engine; Airplane Single-engine; Instrument Airplane
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 10/04/2016
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 07/09/2016
Flight Time:   2983 hours (Total, all aircraft), 5 hours (Total, this make and model), 1530 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 74 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 34 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 0 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 40, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: Lap Only
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 07/07/2014
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time:   (Estimated) 254.5 hours (Total, all aircraft), 5 hours (Total, this make and model)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: BELLANCA
Registration: N93668
Model/Series: 17-31A
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1973
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 73-32-119
Landing Gear Type: Retractable - Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection:  Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 3325 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 2724.15 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT:
Engine Model/Series: IO-540-K1E5
Registered Owner: Pilot
Rated Power: 300 hp
Operator: Pilot
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: MLC, 771 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1153 CDT
Direction from Accident Site:
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 15 knots / 21 knots
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: / None
Wind Direction: 200°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 29.94 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 29°C / 20°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Tulsa, OK (HSD)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: VFR
Destination: Ardmore, OK (ADM)
Type of Clearance: Traffic Advisory; VFR
Departure Time: 1030 CDT
Type of Airspace: Class E

Airport Information

Airport: McAlester Regional Airport (MLC)
Runway Surface Type: Concrete
Airport Elevation: 771 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 20
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 5602 ft / 100 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Go Around 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 2 Serious
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 Serious
Latitude, Longitude:   35.473611, 96.309444 (est)

























































NTSB Identification: CEN17LA019

14 CFR Part 91: General Aviation
Accident occurred Sunday, October 16, 2016 in McAlester, OK
Aircraft: BELLANCA 17-31A, registration: N93668
Injuries: 2 Serious.

This is preliminary information, subject to change, and may contain errors. Any errors in this report will be corrected when the final report has been completed. NTSB investigators may not have traveled in support of this investigation and used data provided by various sources to prepare this aircraft accident report.

On October 16, 2016, at 1205 central daylight time, a Bellanca 17-31A, N93668, experienced a total loss of engine power during an initial climb from a touch and go landing on runway 20 at Mcalester Regional Airport (MLC), Mcalester, Oklahoma. The airplane sustained substantial damage. The flight instructor and a private pilot received serious injuries. The airplane was newly registered to and operated by the pilot under 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91 as an airplane checkout instructional flight. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed at the time of the accident. The flight originated from Sundance Airport, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.