Tuesday, October 3, 2017

Honeywell Hit With Wrongful Death Suit: Aviastar Mandiri, de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter 300, PK-BRM, fatal accident occurred on October 2015 in Makassar, Indonesia

Law360, Chicago (October 3, 2017, 7:09 PM EDT) -- The heirs of four people killed in a 2015 plane crash in Indonesia sued Honeywell International Inc. in Illinois state court Monday, claiming the accident was caused by defects in the terrain warning system and autopilot feature made by the company.

The lawsuit filed in Cook County circuit court claims Honeywell sold defective terrain awareness warning and autopilot systems to airline Aviastar, which was operating the flight from Masamba, Indonesia, to Makassar, Indonesia, that crashed on Oct. 2, 2015. 

Original article can be found here ➤ https://www.law360.com

Elbow Lake Municipal - Pride of the Prairie Airport (Y63) plans for the future

Yesterday morning, Elbow Lake Municipal Airport — Pride of the Prairie Airport — launched a new website. The website details the history of the airport, includes a photo gallery and a 25 year master plan for the airport.

According to Joe LaRue, airport manager, the city of Elbow Lake took on the 25 year master plan to keep the airport eligible for FAA requirements and state funding for local airport needs.

“The master plan puts in a plan for infrastructure, building improvements for the next 25 years along with kind of reestablishing the want list for people in the community,” LaRue said.

An advisory board made of community members and organizations helped layout the details of this plan and what they would like to see at the airport.

“The Community Advisory Board is put together from all aspects of the community to put in their input and help the airport be what everyone envisions to see,” LaRue said.

In addition to the advisory board, the Business Prairie Air management group, FAA, MnDOT and Bollig Engineering are helping Elbow Lake Municipal Airport through the processes of the plan. LaRue said the planning process takes about two years and they are not quite half way through.

Sue Kulbeik, the executive director of Elbow Lake Area Chamber of Commerce was asked to help create and launch the airport website. She said that part of the reason for the new website was to provide the master plan information to the public, for them to make comments and understand what changes they may see at the Elbow Lake airport.

Three public forums also took place to inform the public of the airport master plan and one more will be planned closer to the holidays.

“This is a constantly changing and organic plan as final decisions are made and new policies come down from the FAA,” Kulbeik said.

LaRue said there are various aspects of the 25 year master plan split into chapters.

“There are chapters that introduce the airport history, where the airport has been and where we are at now and a small bit of where we are looking to go,” LaRue said.

The master plan also includes a basic inventory of airport conditions, aviation demands and forecasts of what they estimate the airport will need in the future.

Currently, LaRue said the airport is focusing on facility requirements, reviewing what MnDOT and FAA and the local government want out of the facility. This includes features such as analyzing runway length, analyzing a parallel taxiway, power requirements, fencing, how a new seaplane base interacts with zoning or expansion of the airport’s ramp.

As for the concerns of the advisory board, LaRue said they want to see an overall continuance of involvement in making the airport accessible and user friendly to the public. This could mean appropriate signage depicted to make easy location of the airport.

Of all the possible changes at the airport, LaRue is most excited to see an expansion of the accessibility for the seaplane base and the ramp.

“This will help with the flow of traffic at the airport,” LaRue said. “We have grown over the last 10 years and when airplanes are moving around on the ground it gets congested.”

According to LaRue, the public will not see any changes at the airport until three or five years down the road.

“The city only has so much funding and budget each year and the planning process is an expensive process,” LaRue said.

Once the planning is done toward the next year, then LaRue said plans to move ahead and get projects done will be underway.

To access the master plan and get more information on the Elbow Lake Municipal Airport, go to prideoftheprairieairport.com

Original article  ➤ http://www.fergusfallsjournal.com

Colorado Supreme Court denies hearing Quiet Skies' Vance Brand Airport (KLMO) noise lawsuit

The Colorado Supreme Court on Monday denied Citizens for Quiet Skies' request for the high court to review the Colorado Court of Appeals' decision in favor of local airport business Mile-Hi Skydiving.

Citizens for Quiet Skies and members of the group sued Mile-Hi Skydiving and the company's owner, Frank Casares, in October 2013. The plaintiffs alleged that Mile-Hi planes corkscrew over some homes in Boulder County with loud planes in order to gain altitude, causing a nuisance.

Casares' attorneys argued that he was following Federal Aviation Administration guidelines for where he can operate his planes and abiding by Longmont regulations in regards to airport noise.

In May 2015, Boulder District Court Judge Judith LaBuda sided with Mile-Hi Skydiving and Casares, awarding him with more than $120,000 in damages and attorney's fees.

In July 2015, the plaintiffs took the case to the Colorado Court of Appeals, and Citizens For Quiet Skies founder Kimberly Gibbs said the awards to Casares were "very vindictive and unreasonable."

The Court of Appeals also sided with Casares and Mile-Hi Skydiving in December 2016, prompting Gibbs and the plaintiffs to take the case to the Colorado Supreme Court in March. 

The Colorado Supreme Court justices didn't issue an opinion, but denied the plaintiffs' request that they review the case.

Casares' attorney, Anthony Leffert, said the Colorado Supreme Court's refusal to hear the case reaffirms what he and his client have said all along — Mile-Hi Skydiving isn't breaking any laws.

"Federal regulatory and state law are all really consistent here. The city of Longmont does regulate Mile-Hi Skydiving. They do have sound limits on operations and Mile-Hi are well within that sound limit," Leffert said. "This case that was brought by the Citizens for Quiet Skies and Kim Gibbs was always contrary to the law and ignored what the law was and created new claims to get around it."

Gibbs said she and the other plaintiffs saw going to the Colorado Supreme Court as part of their commitment to see the lawsuit through to a conclusion. She said she wanted to thank the other plaintiffs — her husband, Timothy Lim, Suzanne Webel, Richard Dauer and John and Carla Behrens.

"I do want to make it really clear how grateful I am to the other plaintiffs and to all of our supporters — (who number) in the hundreds — who made a financial contribution to this effort," Gibbs said. "The plaintiffs in particular were very brave for standing up for what we believe on an important local issue."

She said the high court defeat was disappointing and that she still disagrees with both the Boulder District Court and Colorado Court of Appeals decisions in the case.

"In summary, what this District Court decision and the higher court decision really means is that this carnival ride operating over our home with no regulation and routinely violating the local noise ordinance was not a nuisance," Gibbs said.

She said that Citizens for Quiet Skies will continue lobbying elected representatives on the federal level to change national aviation law to give communities more local control over general aviation airports such as Vance Brand Municipal Airport.

Original article can be found here ➤ http://www.timescall.com

Piper J-3C, N48694: Accident occurred October 03, 2017 at Yakima Air Terminal / McAllister Field (KYKM), Yakima County, Washington

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Spokane, Washington


NTSB Identification: GAA18CA001
14 CFR Part 91: General Aviation
Accident occurred Tuesday, October 03, 2017 in Yakima, WA
Aircraft: PIPER J3C, registration: N48694

NTSB investigators will use data provided by various entities, including, but not limited to, the Federal Aviation Administration and/or the operator, and will not travel in support of this investigation to prepare this aircraft accident report.

Aircraft on landing, gear collapsed, went off the runway and ground looped.

Date: 03-OCT-17
Time: 17:51:00Z
Regis#: N48694
Aircraft Make: PIPER
Aircraft Model: J3
Event Type: INCIDENT
Highest Injury: NONE
Aircraft Missing: No
Flight Phase: LANDING (LDG)

YAKIMA, Wash. — No one was injured when a small, two-seat plane went off the runway Tuesday morning at the Yakima Air Terminal.

The plane somehow deviated and exited the runway during its takeoff around 11 a.m., but the two people on board are OK, said airport manager Rob Peterson.

The plane sustained minimal damage, but operations at the airport were quickly reopened when the National Transportation Safety Board allowed officials to move the plane from the spot where it went off the runway, Peterson said.

Original article can be found here ➤ http://www.yakimaherald.com

Toxicology tests negative: Zenair CH 601 XL SLSA Zodiac, N4218, fatal accident occurred December 10, 2016 in Marengo, McHenry County, Illinois -and- Incident occurred March 08, 2016 Bolingbrook's Clow International Airport (1C5), Illinois

Rob Sherman 

Just-released autopsy and toxicology reports have ruled out impairment and health problems as factors in activist Rob Sherman's fatal plane crash last year near Marengo. 

The McHenry County coroner's office also found no suicidal intentions or notes, according to documents reviewed by the Daily Herald Tuesday.

"There was no evidence of significant natural disease, which caused or contributed to his death," a pathologist wrote. "Routine (drug and alcohol) tests were negative."

The National Transportation Safety Board is still investigating the Dec. 9 crash that occurred while Sherman, well-known for his atheist activism, was flying from the Poplar Grove Airport to Schaumburg.

Authorities said there were no obvious defects in the aircraft.

A preliminary NTSB report stated the Poplar Grove resident was flying after dark contrary to restrictions on the type of pilot's license he had, and the plane went down after a loss of control.

A representative from the Poplar Grove Airport also told police that Sherman would not have been cleared to fly at night.

"There are no obvious defects in (the) plane and although weather was clear/cold it was evening," documents indicated. Officials also noted that damage to the instrument panel was extensive and the "black box" had yet to be reconstructed.

The coroner's report found Sherman died of multiple injuries but concluded the manner of death was not determined.

Sherman, 63, had left in his Zenair CH601 at 6:12 p.m. from the Poplar Grove Airport headed to the Schaumburg Regional Airport to attend an Experimental Aircraft Association holiday party, the NTSB said.

A family living near the crash site told police they had heard a "boom" and their house shook the night of Dec. 9, but they did not go outside to check.

Sherman was certified as a sport pilot. Sport pilots may operate light, single-engine aircraft with seating for just two people. In general, sport pilots have certain restrictions that include not flying after dark, according to the Federal Aviation Administration.

There were no communications between any air traffic controllers and Sherman, the NTSB said, adding the weather was clear during the flight.

The longtime Buffalo Grove resident and aviation enthusiast moved to Poplar Grove in 2016 to a home with a hangar. Sherman had a wife and two grown children.

Original article can be found here ➤ http://www.dailyherald.com

Rob Sherman: http://registry.faa.gov/N4218

The National Transportation Safety Board traveled to the scene of this accident.

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; W. Chicago-DuPage, Illinois

Aviation Accident Preliminary Report  -  National Transportation Safety Board:  http://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

NTSB Identification: CEN17FA053
14 CFR Part 91: General Aviation
Accident occurred Friday, December 09, 2016 in Marengo, IL
Aircraft: AIRCRAFT MFG & DESIGN LLC CH601XL SLSA, registration: N4218
Injuries: 1 Fatal.

This is preliminary information, subject to change, and may contain errors. Any errors in this report will be corrected when the final report has been completed. NTSB investigators either traveled in support of this investigation or conducted a significant amount of investigative work without any travel, and used data obtained from various sources to prepare this aircraft accident report.

On December 9, 2016, about 1819, an Aircraft Mfg & Design LLC, CH601XL SLSA, N4218, impacted the terrain following a loss of control in Marengo, Illinois. The sport pilot was fatally injured. The airplane was destroyed. The airplane was registered to and operated by a private individual under the provisions of 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91 as a personal flight. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed for the flight, which was not operated on a flight plan. The flight originated from the Poplar Grove Airport (C77), Poplar Grove, Illinois, about 1812, with an intended destination of the Schaumburg Regional Airport (06C), Schaumburg, Illinois.

The pilot reportedly planned to fly to 06C to attend an Experimental Aircraft Association (EAA) holiday party. There were no witnesses to the accident. The wreckage was discovered the following morning.

There was no communication between air traffic control and the pilot. The time of departure and the time of the accident are based on preliminary air traffic control radar data.

The airplane came to rest in a plowed cornfield on the corner of Meyers and Pleasant Grove Roads. The site was 12.6 miles southeast of C77 along the route between C77 and 06C. The majority of the wreckage was located at the main impact location. The left main landing gear was located about 190 ft southeast of main wreckage, a piece of the lower right wing skin was about 100 ft southeast of the main wreckage, and a small satchel type bag was located about 500 ft south of the main wreckage.

Incident occurred March 08, 2016 in Bolingbrook, Illinois 

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Chicago-DuPage, Illinois

Aircraft on taxi, went off the runway into a ditch. 

Date:  09-MAR-16
Time:  04:41:00Z
Regis#:  N4218
Aircraft Make:  ZENITH
Aircraft Model:  CH601
Event Type:  Incident
Highest Injury:  None
Damage:  None
Flight Phase:  TAXI (TXI)FSDO-03
State:  Illinois

Boeing's first 787-10 for commercial use rolls out of North Charleston assembly site

The first 787-10 Dreamliner built for an airline customer has rolled out of Boeing Co.'s assembly campus in North Charleston, the aerospace giant said Tuesday.

Singapore Airlines is scheduled to take possession of the wide-body jet during the first half of 2018. The carrier has a firm order for 30 Dash-10s — the largest and most fuel-efficient member of the Dreamliner family — and has signed a letter of intent to buy an additional 19 of the planes.

The initial 787-10 for commercial use will now be painted with the Singapore Airlines livery before undergoing system checks, fueling and engine runs. Singapore Airlines plans to use the plane on its medium-haul routes.

"Boeing is excited to have finished final assembly of the first 787-10 Dreamliner for Singapore Airlines," Dinesh Kaskar, Boeing's senior vice president for Asia Pacific and India sales, said in a statement. "With its unprecedented efficiency, greater capacity and the Dreamliner's known preferred passenger experience, (it) will be an important part of the airline's future fleet."

A simple stretch of the popular 787-9, the Dash-10 is assembled exclusively in North Charleston because its mid-section is too large to transport to Boeing's other Dreamliner campus in Everett, Wash. The plane can carry up to 330 passengers and travel 6,430 nautical miles. Its construction of lightweight, composite materials makes it more efficient than the older planes it is replacing, the planemaker said.

There currently are 177 orders for the 787-10. United Airlines, which has ordered 14 of the planes, will be the first U.S. airline to get a Dash 10.

There are three 787-10s in Boeing's test flight program, which is being conducted mostly on the West Coast. Combined, those planes have flown nearly 700 hours as Boeing tests their performance and systems. Test flights are expected to wrap up early next year, with Federal Aviation Administration certification to follow.

Since entering service in 2011, the 787 has flown more than 190 million people on more than 560 unique routes worldwide, saving an estimated 18 billion pounds of fuel.

Boeing, which chose North Charleston for its second 787 campus in 2009, is one of the Lowcountry's largest employers, with about 7,000 workers and contractors.

Original article can be found here ➤ http://www.postandcourier.com

Brian Dean: Piloting airplanes - “As soon as you light the fuse on that, you’re addicted”

NAME: Brian Dean

OCCUPATION: Senior Vice President and Regional President-Central Region, Memorial Hermann Health System

INTEREST: Piloting airplanes

As one of the leaders of Memorial Hermann Health System, Brian Dean is a pilot who steers institutions toward clinical innovation, collaboration and patient care. But for the past six years, Dean has also been a licensed pilot who volunteers for a nonprofit that provides free air transportation for patients receiving medical treatment.

Dean became enthralled with aviation and the wonders of flight by watching his grandfather—the head track coach at Georgia Tech University during the 1950s and 1960s—fly his own airplane to recruit athletes. But Dean’s desire to fly planes came to fruition years later when a work colleague who moonlighted as a flight instructor invited him out one weekend to fly. He has been hooked ever since.

“As soon as you light the fuse on that, you’re addicted,” Dean said. “It’s a privilege to be able to fly. It’s not the easiest thing to get to do, which makes it a little fun, also.”

A year after he was bitten by the flying bug, he earned his private pilot license and purchased his Cirrus SR22, a single-engine four-seater aircraft with a range of approximately 1,200 miles. It’s a smaller aircraft, but it allows Dean to fly his wife and two children to and from College Station for burgers, or to and from Brenham for Blue Bell ice cream on the weekend. On other occasions, he’ll take his family on a 1.5-hour flight to New Orleans for dinner and return home in time to put the kids to bed.

“I’ve done it a hundred times, but each time it’s a little different. Weather is always going to be different, wind conditions, temperatures—all of that affects the airplane,” Dean said. “It’s a nice kind of getaway.”

Besides weekend excursions with his family, Dean volunteers for Angel Flight in his spare time. He receives an email each night with a list of patients seeking transportation either to or from Houston, and chooses which missions to fly depending on his availability. Recently, he flew as a co-pilot to Fort Smith, Arkansas, to transport a young war veteran and lung cancer patient to the medical center for treatment.

“The ability to take a passion and blend it with the passion that we have here at Memorial Hermann in providing care is a lot of fun,” Dean said. “It’s really rewarding.”

Finding time in his busy schedule to volunteer can be challenging, but Dean said he tries to protect calendar time during the week if he’s unable to go on a mission over the weekend. He’ll modify his schedule to accommodate a patient who needs a flight home or needs to be picked up from Dallas on a Thursday afternoon.

He views each trip as a way of being directly involved with bringing patients to the hospital—a small part of the overall process, but one that is essential to giving patients access to care.

“It’s easy as administrators to get away from the patient, who is at the center of everything we do,” Dean said. “But to be able to spend time with them and see the human spirit … it’s a nice dovetail into what we do.”

When Dean isn’t working, he can be found hanging out with Memorial Hermann Life Flight pilots and swapping airplane stories with fellow aviation enthusiasts.

Original article can be found here ➤ http://www.tmc.edu

Pittsburgh International Airport (KPIT) will no longer be OneJet's only base of operations

Pittsburgh International Airport will no longer be OneJet's only base of operations.

The regional startup airline that caters to business travelers will open a second base in Milwaukee, the carrier announced Tuesday.

Pittsburgh will remain the airline's largest operating base, and the airline will continue to expand service here, OneJet CEO Matthew Maguire said in a statement to the Trib.

“Milwaukee will be our secondary operating base, and we intend to grow it concurrently with our continued growth from Pittsburgh,” Maguire said.

Pittsburgh International officials said the announcement is good news.

“I think it shows his business model has been successful, which is a good thing,” airport spokesman Bob Kerlik said.

In May 2016, OneJet opened its first base of operations in Pittsburgh — its choice over Indianapolis and Memphis.

The airline signed an agreement to announce flights to 10 destinations by the end of this year on its seven-seater jets. In exchange, OneJet received $3 million in county and state grants and loans — the largest incentive the airport has awarded to an airline .

“I wanted to make sure he picked Pittsburgh,” airport CEO Christina Cassotis told the Trib in May. “So we created an incentive offer that would allow him to benefit from picking Pittsburgh... to base his operations here and to grow here faster than he would in any other market.”

So far, seven destinations have been announced from Pittsburgh, and six have started service. The airline plans to launch service to Providence, R.I., Oct. 25, about two months later than planned .

The airline — which offers twice-daily service on weekdays between Milwaukee and Pittsburgh — plans to launch service from Milwaukee to Columbus, Ohio, and Omaha, Neb., starting Nov. 1, the release said.

With Providence, the airline will have 180 flights a day in Pittsburgh. On Nov. 1, it plans to have a total of 60 weekly nonstop flights to and from Milwaukee.

“Pittsburgh remains by far our largest operating base and we fully intend to continue our expansion, including the announcement of three additional nonstop destinations this year, building upon our fantastic customer and employee base in the city,” Maguire said in a statement.

The airline could add another eight to 10 destinations from Milwaukee over the next year, OneJet CEO Matthew Maguire told the Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel .

It's unclear whether an agreement was signed or an incentive was provided.

Former CEO and chairman of Midwest Airlines Timothy Hoeksema invested in the airline and is leading the OneJet expansion in Milwaukee, the release said. 

Original article can be found here ➤ http://triblive.com

East Hampton Town Board Will Vote Thursday To Proceed With Years-Long Airport Application: East Hampton Airport (KHTO), Suffolk County, New York

The East Hampton Town Board will vote on Thursday night on going forward with an application to the Federal Aviation Administration to request restrictions on flights at East Hampton Airport.

Four of the five members of the Town Board—Supervisor Larry Cantwell excluded—voiced their support for moving ahead with the application, which lawyers have told the town could take three to five years to complete and cost as much as $2 million or more.

“I see no alternative but to move forward with the Part 161,” said Councilman Fred Overton, who will retire at the end of the year. “I’m concerned about the possibility of success. But I think with your tenacity and your hard work, you may succeed. And I hope you succeed, because I don’t want to see the airport close.”

Councilwoman Kathee Burke-Gonzalez, the board’s liaison to the airport who has spearheaded the town’s efforts in the last four years to rein in aircraft traffic, said she would introduce a resolution on Thursday for the board to vote on, officially beginning the application process.

“I’m recommending that we move forward,” she said.

If the board votes to begin the process it will officially hire the international law firm Morrison Foerster, which has guided other municipalities in applications to the FAA.

According to a hypothetical time line a Morrison Foerster attorney outlined last month, the firm and town officials would spend the winter drafting the proposed regulations that would be the focus of the application. Ms. Burke-Gonzalez said that the application would almost certainly request curfews on flights similar to the ones the town imposed on its own in 2015, before they were struck down by a federal court last fall.

But she also noted that addressing the noise that draws thousands of complaints a year from residents throughout the East End will require additional restrictions that will have to be more creative, to reduce flights by the noisiest culprits—namely helicopters, the vast majority of which are operated by commercial charter and air-taxi companies—while not unfairly inhibiting the traditional use of the airport by small-plane owners and local residents.

The town has said it would pay for the application’s costly process with airport revenues, not taxes, as it did with the millions in legal and consulting fees used thus far—a policy that aviation interests have challenged in court and that political opponents of Ms. Burke-Gonzalez in this year’s election have spotlighted.

Original article can be found here ➤ http://www.27east.com

What really comes out of an airplane? Contrails, not chemtrails.

It’s tough to go outside nowadays without seeing scores of lines in the skies. They trail behind airplanes, forming by the dozen in regimes of heavy air traffic. Some spread out into a wispy veil that blankets the sky, whereas others linger for what seems like a very long time.

Controversy has prompted speculation that these aircraft-chasing clouds may be a harmful mixture of chemicals sprayed to influence humans behavior and to modify the weather, sometimes referred to as “chemtrails”. But is there any truth to this theory?

Nope. Not a bit. Period. No need to don a tinfoil hat!

“Contrails,” as the lines are aptly-called, are a man-made cloud that forms under otherwise ordinary environmental conditions. The underlying physical processes are the same as in cases involving any other clouds; the only difference is what mechanism starts them forming.

High up in the atmosphere, where commercial aircraft fly, temperatures can fall well below freezing even on a warm summer’s day. Generally, there is little water vapor present this far aloft, since air’s ability to hold moisture decreases as the temperature drops. Moreover, water vapor residing there is mostly “supercooled” — meaning that it remains in the gas or liquid state despite temperatures colder than Antarctica. Why does this moisture not immediately become ice? The answer lies in a process called nucleation.

For water to form ice crystals, it has to have something to freeze onto. This can be a piece of dust, pollen, ash or any other particulate floating around in the upper troposphere. The trouble is that it’s really tough to mix ground-level matter all the way up there. But airplanes can serve that function.

Commercial jetliners fly higher than the peak of Mount Everest, which towers to a whopping 29,035 feet. Their exhaust can spit out aerosols, sulfates, soot, minute amounts of metal, carbon dioxide, hydrocarbons and a few other ingredients. It may sound scary, but it’s no cause for alarm; jet fuel is comprised mainly of kerosene, which is also a common lighting fluid for household heating systems.

When an airplane races by, the particles in its wake can serve as the nuclei for supercooled water droplets/vapor to condense and freeze upon. Because temperatures can drop below minus-40, it doesn’t take long for a cascade of water molecules to latch on and join the process. Trillions of cloud droplets, about a hundredth of a millimeter across, are formed in a stream behind the airplane. Just like that, a contrail is born.

But that’s not the only thing going on there. We have to remember how airplanes fly! By manipulating the shape of aircraft wings and relying on something called the Bernoulli Principle, engineers have designed aircraft such that they slice through the air and induce a pressure gradient. In other words, the rush of wind generates a pillow of high pressure beneath the plane to suspend it in the air, while low pressure above spawns a miniature “vacuum” and makes it easier for the plane to rise. This “wingtip vortex” of low pressure is ordinarily invisible — but not always.

When air expands in regions of low pressure, it cools, oftentimes falling to the dew point and becoming saturated. This will make a visible cloud if the air is moist enough. That’s why contrails don’t have to form behind the engines of airplanes, since the wingtip vortices spin up off the outer edges. If you’ve ever seen a plane take off in fog or rainy weather, you may have noticed little tubes of cloud whirling behind; now you know why.

Some have pointed at what they consider to be “unusual behavior” associated with contrails, making disjointed attempts to link them to weather modification or toxic releases, but they are not supported by the mainstream scientific community and peer-reviewed studies.

To be sure, not all contrails behave the same way. Some spread out, blow away, or quickly disappear, while others remain in place. Straight forward science explains this activity.

Even on a perfectly calm day, the winds way up there are howling. Airplanes fly at the level of the jet stream. On days where the jet stream is above you, you’ll probably notice the contrail clouds quickly streaming off to the east. Yet if the upper-level winds area weak, they may stick around, until eventually dissipating when molecular diffusion takes place. How long they’re visible for is a function of humidity levels as well.

Some claim contrails are the primary instigator of climate change. This is not supported. Even if contrails spread out across the sky, their thin nature is transparent to most incoming and outgoing radiation. While the shadows cast by them has a net cooling effect, it’s negligible — only a fifth of a watt per meter squared less of incoming solar rays. This is the equivalent of trying to warm the inside of your car with a single bulb from a strand of Christmas lights.

Other folks have stated that something about contrails isn’t quite right since they may appear different in color than “normal” clouds. Contrails are in every way, shape, and form, a normal cloud — just a man-made one!

As for their color, we must remember where these clouds live — 37,000 feet or higher. The sun sets later at these altitudes because of Earth’s curvature. While shallow clouds near the ground may appear darkened due to the loss of daylight, contrails and high cirrus clouds can still soak up the sun and glimmer an amber shade for ten minutes after nightfall. They can be a beautiful sight to behold. This is the same reason that the tips of skyscrapers in the city can be bright even after the sun has set on ground-dwellers. At the world’s tallest building, the Burj Khalifa in Dubai, the sun sets on the 160th floor a full five minutes after the lobby.

The science behind contrails is fascinating. Contrails should never be a cause for alarm; after all, folks don’t flip out on chilly days when their breath forms a cloud. If it’s cold enough and the air is still, you might even notice a cloud hanging behind you for several meters. Contrails are a unique form of cirrus clouds, and can be an early indicator of approaching weather systems. Conspiracy theories aside, learning the underlying physics supporting their formation can broaden our understanding of the world around us.

The atmosphere puts on beautiful shows for us every day. we just need to know where to look.

Story, photo gallery, comments ➤ https://www.washingtonpost.com

Learjet 35A, N35GC, Med Air LLC: Incident occurred October 03, 2017 at Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport (KMSY), Louisiana

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Baton Rouge, Louisiana

Aircraft on takeoff, blew a tire and went into the overrun area with a brake fire. No injuries

Med Air LLC: http://registry.faa.gov/N35GC

Date: 03-OCT-17
Time: 12:45:00Z
Regis#: N35GC
Aircraft Make: GATES LEARJET
Aircraft Model: 35A
Event Type: INCIDENT
Highest Injury: NONE
Aircraft Missing: No
Damage: MINOR
Flight Phase: TAKEOFF (TOF)

A private jet ran off the end of a runway Tuesday morning (Oct. 3) at Louis Armstrong International Airport. No one was injured and officials say airport operations are continuing as usual.

In a statement, airport spokeswoman Michelle Wilcut said a Learjet 35 ran off the end of the airport's north-south runway, called Runway 20, before coming to a stop at its south end. There were four crew members and two passengers on board.

It was not immediately clear what caused the jet to go off the runway.

Wilcut said the National Transportation Safety Board has been notified of the incident, and the north-south runway at the airport remains closed for the time being.

"The airport remains open with no impact on commercial flight operations," Wilcut said.

Airport officials said private charter flights are also continuing as usual.

Story, photo gallery and comments ➤ http://www.nola.com

KENNER -- A Medway Air Ambulance Jet went off the runway at Louis Armstrong International Airport after blowing out a tire Tuesday morning.

According to Louis Armstrong International Airport officials, a Learjet 35 went off the runway around 7:48 a.m. There were four crew members and two passengers on board. None of them were injured.

An official statement from Medway Air Ambulance said the plane went off the runway in a "controlled fashion" and that the patient onboard returned to the hospital.

"Medway is committed to ensuring the safety of our patients and crew. The plane will be moved to a maintenance facility to make any necessary repairs and inspections," the statement said.

Runway 20 was closed to investigate the incident, but officials say no commercial flights have been impacted.

The National Transportation Safety Board has been notified.

Story and video ➤ http://www.wwltv.com

Cessna TR182 Turbo Skylane RG, N756FZ, registered to M and S 182 LLC and operated by Pacific Skies Aviation: Incident occurred October 02, 2017 at Hawthorne Municipal Airport (KHHR), California -and- Accident occurred August 08, 2016 at Zamperini Field Airport (KTOA), Torrance, California

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident.

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Long Beach, California

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms


Location: Torrance, CA
Accident Number: WPR16LA163
Date & Time: 08/08/2016, 1508 PDT
Registration: N756FZ
Aircraft: CESSNA TR182
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Landing gear collapse
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional 

On August 8, 2016, at 1508 Pacific daylight time, a Cessna TR182, N756FZ, experienced a right main landing gear collapse after landing at Zamperini Field Airport (TOA), Torrance, California. The airplane was registered to M and S 182 LLC and operated by Pacific Skies Aviation under the provisions of 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91. The certified flight instructor and the commercial pilot undergoing instruction (PUI), were not injured. The airplane sustained substantial damage to the right horizontal stabilizer. The local instructional flight departed TOA about 1338. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed, and no flight plan had been filed.

The flight instructor reported that he was demonstrating a normal landing to the PUI. As the flight approached the runway, he extended the landing gear and configured the airplane for a normal landing. The landing checks were called out and a green light was verified indicating that the landing gear was extended. The flare and initial touchdown were normal. Shortly after the airplane touched down, the airplane listed to the right. The airplane entered into a 180o skidding turn before coming to a stop.

Two witnesses located at the airport reported seeing the airplane on final approach with its right main landing gear not fully extended.

A Federal Aviation Administration inspector from the Long Beach Flight Standards District Office reported that when he arrived on site, he observed the airplane on the runway with the nose and left main landing gear down and locked. The right main landing gear was fully retracted. During the recovery process, the airplane was lifted and the right main landing gear freely fell into trail. A mechanic then manually placed the right side gear in the down and locked position. The airplane was lowered onto the landing gear and subsequently towed from the runway to a secured location.

During a postaccident examination, the airplane was placed on jacks to facilitate a gear swing test. The landing gear was cycled multiple times with no anomalies noted. The landing gear indicator lights inside the cockpit illuminated during the landing gear extension. 

Flight Instructor Information

Certificate: Airline Transport; Commercial
Age: 41, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane Multi-engine; Airplane Single-engine; Instrument Airplane
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 12/30/2015
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 07/12/2016
Flight Time: (Estimated) 9000 hours (Total, all aircraft), 300 hours (Total, this make and model), 8700 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 150 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 50 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 2 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft) 

Pilot Information

Certificate: Commercial
Age: 20, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 07/26/2016
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 04/15/2016
Flight Time:   (Estimated) 315.7 hours (Total, all aircraft), 127.4 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: CESSNA
Registration: N756FZ
Model/Series: TR182 NO SERIES
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1979
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: R18201069
Landing Gear Type: Retractable - Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 07/15/2016, 100 Hour
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 3100 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 3730.8 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-540-L3C5D
Registered Owner: M and S 182 LLC.
Rated Power: 235 hp
Operator: Pacific Skies Aviation LLC.
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KTOA, 90 ft msl
Observation Time: 2208 UTC
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Direction from Accident Site: 279°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Temperature/Dew Point: 28°C / 18°C
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility:  10 Miles
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: 9 knots, 270°
Visibility (RVR):
Altimeter Setting: 29.81 inches Hg
Visibility (RVV):
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Torrance, CA (TOA)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Torrance, CA (TOA)
Type of Clearance: VFR
Departure Time: 1338 PDT
Type of Airspace: Class D

Airport Information

Runway Surface Type: Asphalt; Concrete
Airport Elevation: 103 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 11L
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 5001 ft / 150 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Traffic Pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 2 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude: 33.801111, -118.335000 (est)

NTSB Identification: WPR16LA163
14 CFR Part 91: General Aviation
Accident occurred Monday, August 08, 2016 in Torrance, CA
Aircraft: CESSNA TR182, registration: N756FZ
Injuries: 2 Uninjured.

This is preliminary information, subject to change, and may contain errors. Any errors in this report will be corrected when the final report has been completed. NTSB investigators may not have traveled in support of this investigation and used data provided by various sources to prepare this aircraft accident report.

On August 8, 2016, at 1508 Pacific daylight time, a Cessna TR182, N756FZ, sustained substantial damage subsequent to a landing gear collapse at Zamperini Field Airport (TOA), Torrance, California. The airplane was operated by Pacific Skies Aviation under the provisions of 14 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 91. The certified flight instructor (CFI) and commercial pilot undergoing instruction (PUI), were not injured. The local instructional flight departed Torrance, California. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed and no flight plan had been filed.

The CFI reported that during landing the right main landing gear collapsed resulting in the airplane ground looping. The airplane sustained substantial damage to the right wing and to the right horizontal stabilizer.

Witnesses reported seeing the airplane on final approach with its right main landing gear not fully extended. The airplane was recovered for further examination.

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Los Angeles, California

Aircraft landed gear up.

Date: 02-OCT-17
Time: 22:20:00Z
Regis#: 756FZ
Aircraft Make: CESSNA
Aircraft Model: C182
Event Type: INCIDENT
Highest Injury: NONE
Aircraft Missing: No
Activity: UNKNOWN
Flight Phase: LANDING (LDG)