Wednesday, April 4, 2018

Mooney M20C Ranger, N7884V: Accident occurred October 07, 2017 near Hummel Field Airport (W75), Topping, Middlesex County, Virginia

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Richmond, Virginia

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf 


Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms


http://registry.faa.gov/N7884V 


Analysis 

According to the pilot, he began the takeoff roll from a runway intersection and pitched the airplane's nose up for maximum climb to avoid trees; however, he stated, "I over-rotated and entered a power-on stall." He attempted to correct by lowering the nose, but the airplane rolled to the left and entered the trees before impacting a house.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to both wings and the fuselage.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's exceedance of the airplane's critical angle of attack during takeoff, which resulted in a departure stall.

Findings

Aircraft
Angle of attack - Capability exceeded (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Pilot (Cause)

Environmental issues
Tree(s) - Contributed to outcome
Residence/building - Contributed to outcome

Factual Information

History of Flight

Takeoff
Aerodynamic stall/spin (Defining event)
Attempted remediation/recovery

Uncontrolled descent
Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)


Location: Topping, VA
Accident Number: GAA18CA004
Date & Time: 10/07/2017, 0851 EDT
Registration: N7884V
Aircraft: MOONEY M20
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Aerodynamic stall/spin
Injuries: 2 Minor, 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

According to the pilot, he began the takeoff roll from a runway intersection and pitched the nose of the airplane up for maximum climb to avoid trees, however, "I over-rotated and entered a power-on stall."

He attempted to correct by lowering the nose, but the airplane rolled to the left and entered the trees before impacting a house.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to both wings and the fuselage.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Pilot Information

Certificate: Airline Transport; Flight Instructor
Age: 40, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Front
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: Lap Only
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane Single-engine; Instrument Airplane
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 12/09/2016
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 08/17/2017
Flight Time: (Estimated) 1819 hours (Total, all aircraft), 29 hours (Total, this make and model), 1431 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 29 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 29 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 5 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)



Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: MOONEY
Registration: N7884V
Model/Series: M20 C
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1964
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 2846
Landing Gear Type: Retractable - Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 03/22/2017, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2575 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 3950 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: LYCOMING
ELT: C91  installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-360 SER
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 180 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 



Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KFYJ, 24 ft msl
Observation Time: 1235 UTC
Distance from Accident Site: 14 Nautical Miles
Direction from Accident Site: 254°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Temperature/Dew Point: 20°C / 19°C
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility:  10 Miles
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: Calm
Visibility (RVR):
Altimeter Setting: 30.13 inches Hg
Visibility (RVV): 
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Topping, VA (W75)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Groton, CT (GON)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 0845 EDT
Type of Airspace: Class G



Airport Information

Airport: HUMMEL FIELD (W75)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 30 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 01
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 2167 ft / 45 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: None 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 Minor
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 1 Minor, 1 None
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 Minor, 1 None
Latitude, Longitude:  37.588056, -76.474444 (est)

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