Monday, May 06, 2019

Aerodynamic Stall/Spin: Cessna 182Q Skylane, N96974; accident occurred May 05, 2019 at Marion Municipal Airport (KMZZ), Grant County, Indiana

View of destroyed airplane after postaccident fire 
Federal Aviation Administration 


Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Indianapolis, Indiana

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board:  https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms

https://registry.faa.gov/N96974

Location: Marion, IN
Accident Number: GAA19CA246
Date & Time: 05/05/2019, 1712 EDT
Registration: N96974
Aircraft: Cessna 182
Aircraft Damage: Destroyed
Defining Event: Aerodynamic stall/spin
Injuries: 2 Minor, 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

Analysis 

The pilot reported that, during landing, the airplane landed hard and bounced. He decided to go around, so he added full power, but the nose pitched up sharply. He added that he attempted to lower the nose, but the airspeed decreased, and the airplane "lost lift on [the] right side." He pushed forward on the control yoke, but the airplane drifted right, the right wing aerodynamically stalled, and the airplane impacted the ground next to a taxiway and spun around. A passenger saw a fire in front of the firewall, and all occupants exited the airplane.

The airplane was destroyed by postaccident fire.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

A Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) inspector reported that the pilot stated he used nose-up trim during the approach. The pilot also stated that, during the go-around, he attempted to use the electric trim to trim nose down. When the airplane nosed up, the pilot attempted to lower the nose but hesitated due to the airplane being near the ground, and he retracted the flaps. The FAA inspector examined the airplane and found that the trim setting was "just short of full nose up trim."

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's improper trim setting and his exceedance of the airplane's critical angle of attack during a go-around, which resulted in an aerodynamic stall.

Findings

Aircraft
Angle of attack - Capability exceeded (Cause)
Elevator tab control system - Incorrect use/operation (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Pilot (Cause)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Approach-VFR go-around
Miscellaneous/other
Aerodynamic stall/spin (Defining event)
Attempted remediation/recovery
Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 56, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: BasicMed
Last FAA Medical Exam:
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 09/20/2018
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 1880 hours (Total, all aircraft), 1840 hours (Total, this make and model), 1800 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 7 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 4 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N96974
Model/Series: 182 Q
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1979
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 18266920
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 06/29/2018, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 3100 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 3073.2 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
ELT:  Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-470 SERIES
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 230 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KMZZ, 863 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 2115 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 173°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Scattered / 6000 ft agl
Visibility:  7 Miles
Lowest Ceiling:
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: Calm /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction:
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 29.88 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 20°C / 9°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Rochester, IN (RCR)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Marion, IN (MZZ)
Type of Clearance: VFR
Departure Time: 1645 EDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: MARION MUNI (MZZ)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 858 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 04
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 6011 ft / 100 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Go Around; Traffic Pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 Minor
Aircraft Damage: Destroyed
Passenger Injuries: 1 Minor, 2 None
Aircraft Fire: On-Ground
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 Minor, 2 None
Latitude, Longitude:  40.486944, -85.683611 (est)


MARION, Indiana (WTHR) – Officials say a plane has crashed at the Marion Municipal Airport in Grant County Sunday afternoon.

The Federal Aviation Administration says a single-engine Cessna 182 crashed while landing at the Marion airport around 4:20 p.m.

Witnesses tell Eyewitness News they saw heavy smoke and fire coming from the airport.

According to an FAA spokesman, the aircraft was destroyed by the fire.

Officials say four people were on board at the time of the crash but their conditions are unknown at this time.

The National Transportation Safety Board will be in charge of the investigation.

This is the second plane crash in Indiana today.

This morning, a man was airlifted to the hospital with serious injuries after crashing a plane at Anderson Municipal Airport.

Story and video ➤ https://www.wthr.com


MARION, Indiana (WISH) -- Four people survived a plane crash Sunday afternoon in Marion, according to officials at the scene. 

Witnesses at the scene told News 8 the plane, which crashed around 5:15 pm. at the Marion Municipal Airport, caught on fire at some point. 

There were four people onboard. 

The cause of the crash was still under investigation on Sunday night.

The plane crash in Marion was the second plane crash reported on Sunday in central Indiana. 

Early Sunday morning a plane crashed in Anderson, seriously injuring its pilot. 

Original article can be found here ➤ https://www.wishtv.com



MARION, Indiana — Officials confirm a plane has crashed at the Marion Municipal Airport.

Police say there are no fatalities in this crash.

According to airport manager Andy Darlington, none of the four people on board the plane required an ambulance.

Darlington says the accident happened Sunday around 5:15 p.m. The plane was based in Marion and the belief is they were attempting to land.

This is the second plane crash to occur in Indiana today. A man had to be medically airlifted to a hospital after crashing a plane in Anderson.

Original article can be found here ➤ https://cbs4indy.com

Cessna A185E, N7711L: Accident occurred May 04, 2019 at Porter County Regional Airport (KVPZ), Valparaiso, Indiana -and- Accident occurred October 25, 2016 at Winnemucca Municipal Airport (KWMC), Humboldt County, Nevada

View of damage to the right wing and aileron
Federal Aviation Administration



Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; DuPage, Indiana

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board:  https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf



Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms

https://registry.faa.gov/N7711L


Location: VALPARAISO, IN
Accident Number: GAA19CA244
Date & Time: 05/04/2019, 1340 CDT
Registration:N7711L 
Aircraft:Cessna A185 
Aircraft Damage:Substantial 
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal

Analysis 

The pilot of the tailwheel-equipped airplane reported that he was performing stop-and-go takeoffs and landings. During a takeoff roll, the tailwheel lifted off the ground, and the airplane encountered a significant wind from the left. He applied left aileron and right rudder to compensate for the wind, but the airplane ground looped to the left.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the right wing and right aileron.

The pilot reported that there were no mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

The pilot added that a "slower application of the throttle and keeping the tailwheel on the ground longer during the takeoff roll, will prevent this type of accident from occurring in the future."

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's improper throttle application and subsequent failure to maintain directional control during the takeoff roll in gusting left crosswind conditions, which resulted in a ground loop.

Findings

Aircraft
Directional control - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Pilot (Cause)
Use of equip/system - Pilot (Cause)

Environmental issues
Gusts - Effect on operation (Cause)
Variable wind - Effect on operation (Cause)
Crosswind - Effect on operation (Cause)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Takeoff
Other weather encounter
Attempted remediation/recovery
Loss of control on ground (Defining event)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age:38, Male 
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 10/11/2017
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 01/06/2019
Flight Time: (Estimated) 187 hours (Total, all aircraft), 24 hours (Total, this make and model), 61 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 39 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N7711L
Model/Series: A185 E
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture:1969 
Amateur Built:No 
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 185-1521
Landing Gear Type: Tailwheel
Seats: 2
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 09/23/2018, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 3350 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 3548 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
ELT: C91 installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: IO-520-D
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 300 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KVPZ, 770 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1856 UTC
Direction from Accident Site:141° 
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 8 knots / 14 knots
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual:
Wind Direction: 30°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual:
Altimeter Setting:
Temperature/Dew Point: 17°C / 5°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: VALPARAISO, IN (VPZ)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: VALPARAISO, IN (VPZ)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1340 CDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: Porter County Rgnl (VPZ)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 770 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 09
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 7001 ft / 150 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Traffic Pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion:None 
Total Injuries:1 None 

Latitude, Longitude: 41.453889, -87.006944 (est)

Location: VALPARAISO, IN
Accident Number: GAA19CA244
Date & Time: 05/04/2019, 1340 CDT
Registration: N7711L
Aircraft: Cessna A185
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Runway excursion
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

The pilot in the tailwheel-equipped airplane reported that, he was performing stop and go take offs and landings. During the takeoff roll, the tailwheel came off the ground, and the airplane encountered a significant wind from the left. He applied left aileron, and right rudder to compensate for the wind, but the airplane ground-looped to the left.

The pilot reported that there were no mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the right wing and the right aileron.

The airport's Meteorological Aerodrome Report, about the time of the accident, reported that the wind was from 030° at 8 knots and gusting to 14 knots. Additionally, the wind was reported as variable between 340° and 070°. The airplane took off from runway 9.

The pilot added that a, "slower application of the throttle and keeping the tailwheel on the ground longer during the takeoff roll, will prevent this type of accident from occurring in the future."

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 38, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 10/11/2017
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 01/06/2019
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 187 hours (Total, all aircraft), 24 hours (Total, this make and model), 61 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 39 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N7711L   
Model/Series: A185 E
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1969
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 185-1521
Landing Gear Type: Tailwheel
Seats: 2
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 09/23/2018, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 3350 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 3548 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
ELT: C91 installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: IO-520-D
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 300 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KVPZ, 770 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1856 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 141°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 8 knots / 14 knots
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual:
Wind Direction: 30°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual:
Altimeter Setting:
Temperature/Dew Point: 17°C / 5°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: VALPARAISO, IN (VPZ)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: VALPARAISO, IN (VPZ)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1340 CDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: Porter County Rgnl (VPZ)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 770 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 09
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 7001 ft / 150 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Traffic Pattern 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 41.453889, -87.006944 (est)

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Reno, Nevada

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf 


Docket And Docket Items - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms

Aviation Accident Data Summary  - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf


http://registry.faa.gov/N7711L

Location: Winnemucca, NV
Accident Number: GAA17CA054
Date & Time: 10/25/2016, 0900PDT
Registration: N7711L
Aircraft: CESSNA A185
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal

Analysis 

The pilot of a tailwheel-equipped airplane reported that during the landing roll, the airplane veered to the right and he applied left rudder to stop the veer. Subsequently, the airplane continued to the right, ground looped, and the left wing impacted the runway.

The left aileron sustained substantial damage.

The pilot reported no preaccident mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's failure to maintain directional control during the landing roll.

Findings

Aircraft
Directional control - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Pilot (Cause)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing-landing roll
Loss of control on ground (Defining event)
Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 83, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 09/29/2014
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 2248 hours (Total, all aircraft), 2100 hours (Total, this make and model), 2248 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 17 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 7 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 0.5 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: CESSNA
Registration: N7711L
Model/Series: A185 E
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1969
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 185-1521
Landing Gear Type: Tailwheel
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 01/06/2016, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 3200 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 3485 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: IO-520-D
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 300 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KWMC, 4307 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1556 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 0°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: Calm /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: / None
Wind Direction:
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.09 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 11°C / 3°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: WINNEMUCCA, NV (WMC)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: WINNEMUCCA, NV (WMC)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 0830 PDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: WINNEMUCCA MUNI (WMC)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 4307 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 02
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 4800 ft / 75 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Traffic Pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 40.896667, -117.805833 (est)

Beech M35 Bonanza, N105X: Incident occurred May 05, 2019 at Henry County Municipal Airport (KUWL), New Castle, Indiana

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Indianapolis, Indiana

Made emergency landing.

https://registry.faa.gov/N105X

Date: 05-MAY-19
Time: 20:14:00Z
Regis#: N105X
Aircraft Make: BEECH
Aircraft Model: M35
Event Type: INCIDENT
Highest Injury: NONE
Aircraft Missing: No
Damage: UNKNOWN
Activity: UNKNOWN
Flight Phase: EMERGENCY DESCENT (EMG)
Operation: 91
City: NEW CASTLE
State: INDIANA

Glasair RG, N838MB: Incident occurred May 05, 2019 at Ottawa Executive Airport (Z98), Zeeland, Michigan

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Grand Rapids, Michigan

Landed with nose gear retracted.

https://registry.faa.gov/N838MB

Date: 05-MAY-19
Time: 16:49:00Z
Regis#: N838MB
Aircraft Make: GLASAIR
Aircraft Model: RG
Event Type: INCIDENT
Highest Injury: NONE
Aircraft Missing: No
Damage: UNKNOWN
Activity: PERSONAL
Flight Phase: LANDING (LDG)
Operation: 91
City: ZEELAND
State: MICHIGAN

Beech B200 Super King Air, N610TA: Incident occurred May 03, 2019 at Schoolcraft County Airport (KISQ), Manistique, Michigan

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Grand Rapids, Michigan

Struck a deer.

North Flight Aero Med

https://registry.faa.gov/N610TA

Date: 03-MAY-19
Time: 16:00:00Z
Regis#: N610TA
Aircraft Make: RAYTHEON
Aircraft Model: B200
Event Type: INCIDENT
Highest Injury: NONE
Aircraft Missing: No
Damage: MINOR
Activity: AMBULANCE
Flight Phase: LANDING (LDG)
Operation: 91
City: MANISTIQUE
State: MICHIGAN

Hard Landing: Parrakeet A4 Replica, N27Q; accident occurred May 04, 2019 at Faribault Municipal Airport (KFBL), Rice County, Minnesota

View of damaged left wing and empennage




Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Minneapolis, Minnesota

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board:  https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf



Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms

https://registry.faa.gov/N27Q


Location: FARIBAULT, MN
Accident Number: GAA19CA243
Date & Time: 05/04/2019, 1428 CDT
Registration: N27Q
Aircraft: HANSON PARAKEET A4 REPLICA
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Hard landing
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal

Analysis

The pilot of the biplane reported that, while on short final, immediately after crossing the end of the runway and while about 10 ft above ground level, he increased the throttle setting to maintain 60 mph. He added that, about 5 to 8 ft above the ground, the airplane "sank rapidly" and landed hard, and the right landing gear collapsed. Subsequently, the airplane veered right, exited the runway, and nosed over.

The biplane sustained substantial damage to the left wing and empennage.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the biplane that would have precluded normal operation. 

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's improper landing flare with a left crosswind, which resulted in a hard landing, collapsed landing gear, runway excursion, and nose-over.

Findings

Aircraft
Landing flare - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Pilot (Cause)

Environmental issues
Crosswind - Effect on operation (Cause)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing-flare/touchdown
Miscellaneous/other
Hard landing (Defining event)
Landing gear collapse
Loss of control on ground
Runway excursion
Nose over/nose down

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 47, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Single
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present:No 
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: BasicMed Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 03/14/2018
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 07/11/2018
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 351 hours (Total, all aircraft), 35 hours (Total, this make and model), 308 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 1 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 1 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: HANSON
Registration: N27Q
Model/Series: PARAKEET A4 REPLICA
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1978
Amateur Built: Yes
Airworthiness Certificate: Experimental
Serial Number: JH100
Landing Gear Type: Tailwheel
Seats: 1
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 09/04/2018, Condition
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 901 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 662.6 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
ELT: Not installed
Engine Model/Series:O-200-A 
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 100 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held:None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light:Day 
Observation Facility, Elevation: KOWA, 1146 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 13 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1935 UTC
Direction from Accident Site:170° 
Lowest Cloud Condition:
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling:
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 9 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 230°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting:
Temperature/Dew Point:
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Rochester, MN (RST)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Faribault, MN (FBL)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1330 CDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: Faribault Muni-Liz Wall Strohf (FBL)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation:1060 ft 
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 30
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 4257 ft / 75 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Traffic Pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries:1 None 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 44.328889, -93.313056 (est)

Cessna A185F Skywagon 185, registered to a private individual and operated by the pilot under the provisions of Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91 as a personal cross-county flight, N185FT: Accident occurred May 04, 2019 at Glacier Park International Airport (KGPI), Kalispell, Montana

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident.

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Helena, Montana

Aviation Accident Preliminary Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

https://registry.faa.gov/N185FT

Location: Kalispell, MT
Accident Number: WPR19LA134
Date & Time: 05/04/2019, 1146 MDT
Registration: N185FT
Aircraft: Cessna A185
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

On May 4, 2019, about 1146 mountain daylight time, a Cessna A185F airplane, N185FT, sustained substantial damage during a loss of directional control and subsequent runway excursion, while landing at Glacier Park International Airport (GPI), Kalispell, Montana. The airline transport pilot and pilot rated passenger were not injured. The airplane was registered to a private individual and operated by the pilot under the provisions of Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91 as a personal cross-county flight. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed, and no flight plan was filed. The flight originated from Polson Airport (8S1), Polson, Montana, about 1100.

According to the pilot, the landing was normal and on centerline, but shortly thereafter, he lost directional control of the tail wheeled equipped airplane, and veered off the right side of the runway, despite his left rudder inputs. The pilot believed there was an issue with the tailwheel. He stated that the airplane came to rest about halfway down, and 10 ft off the edge of runway 20.

Postaccident examination of the airplane revealed substantial damage to the left wing. The airplane was recovered to a secure location for further examination. 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N185FT
Model/Series: A185 F
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Amateur Built: No
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: GPI, 2977 ft msl
Observation Time: 1155 MDT
Distance from Accident Site:
Temperature/Dew Point: 8°C / 1°C
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: 3 knots / , Variable
Lowest Ceiling: None 
Visibility:  10 Miles
Altimeter Setting: 29.9 inches Hg
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Departure Point: Polson, MT (8S1)
Destination: Kalispell, MT (GPI)

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude:  48.310556, -114.256111 (est)