Wednesday, December 18, 2019

Loss of Control in Flight: Diamond DA40, N388JP; accident occurred July 13, 2019 at Rocky Mountain Metropolitan Airport (KBJC), Denver, Colorado

View of white runway scrape marking.


Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Denver, Colorado

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf


Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms


https://registry.faa.gov/N388JP


Location: Denver, CO

Accident Number: GAA19CA409
Date & Time: 07/13/2019, 1450 MDT
Registration: N388JP
Aircraft: Diamond DA40
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control in flight
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional 


View of damaged right aileron.


Analysis 

The pilot receiving instruction reported that, during landing in windy conditions, the airplane drifted left of the runway centerline. He added that he applied right rudder and aileron to correct, but when he realized the airplane "was going to drift to left of [the] runway," he initiated a go-around. The flight instructor reported that the airplane subsequently touched down "momentarily" and that he heard a "thump." The pilot then added power and made "several corrections" to maintain the runway heading and then established a climb. The instructor reported to the tower controller that the airplane may have struck a runway edge light. The pilot landed the airplane and taxied to the ramp without further incident.

During postaccident examination, white paint transfer marks were observed on the runway leading to a runway light. The airplane sustained substantial damage to both the left and right ailerons. The pilot added that airport personnel informed him that a runway light was damaged and would require replacement.

The chief pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

The flight instructor reported that the wind was from 350° at 12 knots, gusting to 19 knots. The airport's automated weather observation station reported that, about 3 minutes before the accident, the wind was from 340° at 13 knots. The pilot landed the airplane on runway 30. 


View of damaged left aileron.


Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot receiving instruction failure to maintain the runway heading and bank control during landing in crosswind conditions, which resulted in a go-around and subsequent collision with a runway light.

Findings

Aircraft
Lateral/bank control - Not attained/maintained (Cause)
Heading/course - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Student pilot (Cause)

Environmental issues
Crosswind - Effect on operation
Runway/taxi/approach light - Effect on operation

Factual Information

History of Flight

Approach-VFR go-around
Other weather encounter
Attempted remediation/recovery
Loss of control in flight (Defining event)
Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 61, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 07/03/2017
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 07/13/2019
Flight Time: (Estimated) 137 hours (Total, all aircraft), 7 hours (Total, this make and model), 53 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 7 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 5 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 1 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Flight Instructor Information

Certificate: Airline Transport; Flight Instructor; Commercial
Age: 71, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane Multi-engine; Airplane Single-engine; Instrument Airplane
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 11/02/2018
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 02/28/2019
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 23885 hours (Total, all aircraft), 54.3 hours (Total, this make and model), 16137 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 55.1 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 9.2 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Diamond
Registration: N388JP
Model/Series: DA40 Undesignated
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture:
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal; Utility
Serial Number: 40.388
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 05/10/2019, 100 Hour
Certified Max Gross Wt.:
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 1362 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: C126 installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: IO-360-M1A
Registered Owner: Sml Aviation Llc
Rated Power: 180 hp
Operator: Western Air Flight Academy
Operating Certificate(s) Held: Pilot School (141)

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KBJC, 5595 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 2047 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 203°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Few / 8000 ft agl
Visibility:   25 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: Broken / 22000 ft agl
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 13 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 340°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting:
Temperature/Dew Point: 32°C / 9°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Longmont, CO (LMO)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Denver, CO (BJC)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1415 MDT
Type of Airspace: Class D

Airport Information

Airport: ROCKY MOUNTAIN METROPOLITAN (BJC)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 5673 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 30L
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 7002 ft / 75 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Touch and Go; Traffic Pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 2 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude: 39.905000, -105.114167 (est)

Loss of Control on Ground: Piper PA-20, N7409K; accident occurred July 12, 2019 at Ravalli County Airport (6S5), Hamilton, Montana

View of right wing lift strut damage.
Federal Aviation Administration



Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Helena, Montana

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms

https://registry.faa.gov/N7409K

Location: Hamilton, MT
Accident Number: GAA19CA408
Date & Time: 07/12/2019, 1230 MDT
Registration: N7409K
Aircraft: Piper PA 20
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground
Injuries: 1 Minor
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

Analysis 

The pilot of the tailwheel-equipped airplane reported that, upon landing and approaching the taxiway he intended to exit, he lifted his feet from the "rudderbars" to engage the brakes. The airplane abruptly entered a left turn, and he thought he used the right rudder, but he mistakenly used brake pedal. Immediately thereafter, the airplane nosed over.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the right wing lift strut and rudder.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

The pilot reported that he believes the accident could have been avoided "if [he] had kept [his] feet on the rudderbars until [the airplane] had exited the runway." 

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's loss of directional control due to his unintentional use of brakes instead of the rudder during the landing roll, which resulted in a nose-over.

Findings

Aircraft
Brake - Unintentional use/operation (Cause)
Directional control - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Use of equip/system - Pilot (Cause)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing
Loss of control on ground (Defining event)
Attempted remediation/recovery
Nose over/nose down

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 74, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 02/15/2018
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 05/05/2019
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 726 hours (Total, all aircraft), 460 hours (Total, this make and model), 595 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 4 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 4 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 1 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Piper
Registration: N7409K
Model/Series: PA 20 Undesignated
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture:
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 20-318
Landing Gear Type: Tailwheel
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 06/13/2019, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 1950 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 3433.89 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: C91 installed, activated, did not aid in locating accident
Engine Model/Series: O-320-A2A
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 150 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held:None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: K6S5, 3189 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 40 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1835 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 2°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 6 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 10°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.06 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 25°C / 13°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Hamilton, MT (6S5)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Hamilton, MT (6S5)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1120 MDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: Ravalli County (6S5)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 3644 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 34
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 4200 ft / 75 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Traffic Pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 Minor
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 Minor
Latitude, Longitude: 46.251389, -114.125556 (est)

Cessna 180H, N91299: Accident occurred July 11, 2019 at Talkeetna Village Strip Airport (AK44), Alaska

View of inverted airplane and damaged empennage.



Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Anchorage, Alaska

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms

https://registry.faa.gov/N91299

Location: Talkeetna, AK
Accident Number: GAA19CA402
Date & Time: 07/11/2019, 0900 AKD
Registration: N91299
Aircraft: Cessna 180
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Miscellaneous/other
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 


View of partially engaged parking brake. 


Analysis 

The pilot of the tailwheel, tundra tire-equipped airplane reported that, before takeoff, while holding short of the runway, he set the parking brake and performed the engine runup. He released the parking brake, taxied onto the runway, and took off for a flight to a nearby airport.

The pilot reported that he performed the Before Landing checklist before conducting a short- and soft-field landing on the damp, grass portion of the grass/gravel runway. He added that, about 2 seconds after touchdown, the tail began to lift. He confirmed that his feet were on the floor without actuating the brakes, and he maintained full back elevator control. As the airplane transitioned onto the gravel portion of the runway, the airplane nosed over.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the left wing and empennage.

Postaccident examination revealed that the parking brake was partially engaged. The pilot reported that the parking brake system was not damaged, but the system would not return to the "off" position without "jostling the cable." He added that he believed the parking brake system had become "sticky, requiring lubricant." However, given that there was no issue with the parking brake during takeoff, it is unlikely it resulted in the nose-over upon landing. 

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's improper soft-field landing technique, which resulted in a nose-over.

Findings

Aircraft
Brake - Incorrect use/operation (Cause)

Personnel issues
Use of equip/system - Pilot (Cause)
Use of equip/info - Pilot (Cause)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing
Miscellaneous/other (Defining event)
Nose over/nose down

Pilot Information

Certificate: Commercial
Age: 33, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 03/28/2019
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 1829 hours (Total, all aircraft), 168 hours (Total, this make and model), 164 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 75 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 2 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N91299
Model/Series: 180 H
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture:
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 18052036
Landing Gear Type: Tailwheel
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 08/02/2018, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2800 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 6390 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-470-R
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 230 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: PAEC, 1400 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 31 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1653 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 11°
Lowest Cloud Condition:
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: Overcast / 1000 ft agl
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 3 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 260°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 29.9 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 14°C / 12°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Talkeetna, AK (TKA)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Talkeetna, AK (AK44)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 0855 AKD
Type of Airspace: Class E

Airport Information

Airport: TALKEETNA VILLAGE STRIP (AK44)
Runway Surface Type: Dirt; Grass/turf; Gravel
Airport Elevation: 346 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 34
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 1600 ft / 30 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Straight-in

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 62.319444, -150.113333 (est)

Loss of Control on Ground: Piper PA-28-140, N6733F; accident occurred July 10, 2019 at Saipan International Airport, Northern Mariana Islands

View of damage to the right wing.
Federal Aviation Administration


Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Honolulu, Hawaii

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf


Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms


https://registry.faa.gov/N6733F

Location: Saipan, MP
Accident Number: GAA19CA404
Date & Time: 07/10/2019, 1015 HDT
Registration: N6733F
Aircraft: Piper PA28
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground
Injuries: 3 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Aerial Observation

The pilot reported that during the landing roll, he applied, "aerodynamic braking to slow the aircraft." The airplane departed the runway when he attempted to exit the runway at Bravo taxiway. The left main landing gear wheel fairing struck a taxiway light, and the leading edge of the right wing struck runway signage.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the right wing.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation. 

Pilot Information

Certificate: Commercial
Age: 22, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 03/17/2019
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 05/08/2019
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 430 hours (Total, all aircraft), 65 hours (Total, this make and model), 315 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 120 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 65 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 6 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Piper
Registration: N6733F
Model/Series: PA28 140
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture:
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 28-7725077
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 06/30/2019, AAIP
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2150 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 8393.66 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: C91A installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-320-E3D
Registered Owner: Marianas Air Transfer Inc
Rated Power: 150 hp
Operator: Marianas Air Transfer Inc
Operating Certificate(s) Held: Certificate of Authorization or Waiver (COA)
Operator Does Business As: Star Marianas Air, Inc.
Operator Designator Code: 1SMJ

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: PGSN, 105 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 2 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 0954 HDT
Direction from Accident Site:257° 
Lowest Cloud Condition:
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling:
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 10 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual:
Wind Direction: 10°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual:
Altimeter Setting: 29.91 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 32°C / 24°C
Precipitation and Obscuration:
Departure Point: SAIPAN, MP (PGSN)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Saipan, MP (PGSN)
Type of Clearance: VFR
Departure Time: 0945 HDT
Type of Airspace: Class D

Airport Information

Airport: Saipan International Airport (PGSN)
Runway Surface Type: Concrete
Airport Elevation: 200 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 07
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 8700 ft / 200 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Straight-in

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 2 None
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 3 None
Latitude, Longitude: 15.123889, 145.731389 (est)

Course Deviation: Cessna 172S Skyhawk SP, N677DM; accident occurred July 10, 2019 at Martha's Vineyard Airport (KMVY), Dukes County, Massachusetts

View of left wing damage.
Federal Aviation Administration 


Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Boston, Massachusetts

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board:  https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf


Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms


https://registry.faa.gov/N677DM 

Location: Vineyard Haven, MA
Accident Number: GAA19CA401
Date & Time: 07/10/2019, 2154 EDT
Registration: N677DM
Aircraft: Cessna 172
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Course deviation
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 


View of pine needles in left wing damage.

Federal Aviation Administration 

Analysis 

The pilot reported that, while conducting an instrument landing system (ILS) approach at night in instrument meteorological conditions and while correcting course on the ILS, she saw full right deflection, corrected to the left, and then observed full left deflection on the course direction indicator about the decision altitude. She added that she then heard and felt a loud "bang." The airplane turned left, she aborted the approach, executed a missed approach, and declared an emergency. She was then vectored to a nearby airport where she landed the airplane without further incident.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the left wing. An examination by the Federal Aviation Administration inspector revealed pine needles in the damaged section of the left wing.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

The airport's automated weather observation station reported that, about the time of the accident, the wind was from 220° at 5 knots, visibility 1/4 statute mile, runway visual range 1,800 ft, variable 2,200 ft, cloud condition fog, vertical visibility 200 ft, temperature 21°C (70°F), dew point 21°C (70°F), and altimeter setting 30.01 inches of mercury. The pilot was landing the airplane on runway 24. 

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's failure to maintain lateral position in relation to the instrument approach course at night in instrument meteorological conditions, which resulted in collision with a tree.

Findings

Aircraft
Descent/approach/glide path - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Use of equip/system - Pilot (Cause)

Environmental issues
Tree(s) - Effect on operation
Low visibility - Effect on personnel
Dark - Effect on personnel

Factual Information

History of Flight

Approach
Course deviation (Defining event)
Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)

Landing
Off-field or emergency landing

Pilot Information

Certificate: Flight Instructor; Commercial
Age: 25, Female
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane Single-engine; Instrument Airplane
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 09/08/2015
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 03/26/2019
Flight Time: (Estimated) 600 hours (Total, all aircraft), 550 hours (Total, this make and model), 540 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 133.4 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 54.8 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 1.5 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N677DM
Model/Series: 172 SP
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture:
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 172S9661
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 07/03/2019, 100 Hour
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2550 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 8060.1 Hours
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: IO-360-L2A
Registered Owner: Aa-Aero Inc
Rated Power: 180 hp
Operator: Air Fleet Training Systems
Operating Certificate(s) Held: Pilot School (141)

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Instrument Conditions
Condition of Light: Night
Observation Facility, Elevation: KMVY, 68 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 0247 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 248°
Lowest Cloud Condition:
Visibility:  
Lowest Ceiling: Overcast / 200 ft agl
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 5 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 220°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.01 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 21°C / 21°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: Moderate - Fog
Departure Point: Groton (New London), CT (GON)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: IFR
Destination: Vineyard Haven, MA (MVY)
Type of Clearance: IFR
Departure Time: 2119 EDT
Type of Airspace: Class D

Airport Information

Airport: Martha's Vineyard (MVY)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 66 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Unknown
Runway Used: 24
IFR Approach: ILS
Runway Length/Width: 5504 ft / 100 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: None

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude: 41.393333, -70.613889 (est)

Landing Gear Not Configured: Cessna R182 Skylane RG, N757PU; accident occurred July 10, 2019 at Dinwiddie County Airport (KPTB), Petersburg, Virginia

View of damaged left horizontal stabilizer. 


Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Richmond, Virginia

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf


Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms 
 
https://registry.faa.gov/N757PU


Location: Petersburg, VA
Accident Number: GAA19CA398
Date & Time: 07/10/2019, 0800 EDT
Registration: N757PU
Aircraft: Cessna R182
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Landing gear not configured
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal

Analysis 

The pilot of the retractable, landing gear-equipped airplane reported that, after takeoff, there was an issue with the alternator. He checked the circuit breakers, which were "in," and decided to land at a nearby airport to have the alternator examined. During the approach, he placed the landing gear handle in the gear extended position. He said it felt "normal" but that he did not remember if he heard the landing gear motor. He did not look outside the high-wing airplane to check the landing gear position, and he did not remember seeing the green landing gear position lights illuminate. He added that the landing gear warning horn did not sound. He reported that, during landing, the nose landing gear was down and locked, but the main landing gear were trailing behind the airplane, and the airplane slid to the left side of the runway. The pilot reported that, if he knew the gear had not extended, he would have manually pumped the landing gear down.

The mechanic reported that, when he arrived at the airplane postaccident, the landing gear circuit breaker was popped. He jacked up the airplane and repositioned the landing gear and then turned on the power, pushed in the landing gear circuit breaker, and raised the landing gear. He did not recall hearing the warning horn but mentioned that the throttle "may have been pushed in." He successfully cycled the landing gear multiple times. The mechanic added that a previous pilot of the accident airplane reported that the landing gear circuit breaker would often pop and that he would lower the landing gear with the manual pump.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the left horizontal stabilizer and elevator. 

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's failure to verify that the main landing gear were extended, which resulted in landing with partially extended landing gear. Contributing to the accident was a tripped landing gear motor circuit breaker. 

Findings

Aircraft
Gear extension and retract sys - Not specified (Cause)

Personnel issues
Task monitoring/vigilance - Pilot (Cause)
Lack of action - Pilot (Cause)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing
Landing gear not configured (Defining event)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 64, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 08/14/2018
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 08/15/2018
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 950 hours (Total, all aircraft), 80 hours (Total, this make and model), 850 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 30 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 12 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 1 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N757PU
Model/Series: R182 No Series
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture:
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: R18201253
Landing Gear Type: Retractable - Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 04/19/2019, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.:
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time:
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-540-J3C5D
Registered Owner: Avs Aviation Llc
Rated Power: 235 hp
Operator: Williamsburg Flight Center
Operating Certificate(s) Held:None  

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KPTB, 193 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1155 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 146°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 3 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 170°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.1 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 21°C / 18°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Williamsburg, VA (JGG)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Petersburg, VA (PTB)
Type of Clearance: VFR
Departure Time: 0740 EDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: DINWIDDIE COUNTY (PTB)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 192 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 23
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 5002 ft / 100 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude: 37.186944, -77.503333 (est)