Tuesday, April 10, 2018

Cessna 170, N4133V: Accident occurred April 09, 2018 at Big Lake Airport (PAGQ), Alaska

Additional Participating Entity: 
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Anchorage, Alaska

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf


Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms


http://registry.faa.gov/N4133V

Analysis 

The pilot reported that, during the approach to land on a gravel airstrip, he increased engine power to "extend the approach," the airplane pitched up in a nose-high attitude, aerodynamically stalled, and yawed to the right. Subsequently, the airplane impacted a snowbank to the right side of the airstrip. A postcrash fire destroyed the airplane.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation. 

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's exceedance of the airplane's critical angle of attack, which resulted in an aerodynamic stall. 

Findings

Aircraft
Angle of attack - Capability exceeded (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Pilot (Cause)

Environmental issues
Snow/ice - Contributed to outcome

Factual Information

History of Flight

Approach
Loss of control in flight (Defining event)
Aerodynamic stall/spin

Landing-flare/touchdown
Runway excursion

Landing
Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)

Post-impact
Fire/smoke (post-impact)

Location: Big Lake, AK
Accident Number: GAA18CA214
Date & Time: 04/08/2018, 1930 AKD
Registration: N4133V
Aircraft: CESSNA 170
Aircraft Damage: Destroyed
Defining Event: Loss of control in flight
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional 

The pilot reported that, during the approach to land on a gravel airstrip, he increased engine power to "extend the approach", the airplane pitched up in a nose high attitude, aerodynamically stalled and yawed to the right. Subsequently, the airplane impacted a snowbank to the right side of the airstrip. A postcrash fire destroyed the airplane.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation. 

Pilot Information

Certificate: Flight Instructor; Commercial
Age: 79, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land; Single-engine Sea
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: Unknown
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane Multi-engine; Airplane Single-engine; Instrument Airplane
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 01/01/2016
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 9000 hours (Total, all aircraft), 3 hours (Total, this make and model), 9000 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 6 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 6 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 3 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: CESSNA
Registration: N4133V
Model/Series: 170 UNDESIGNATED
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1948
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 18465
Landing Gear Type: Tailwheel
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 07/26/2017, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2200 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 3483.5 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: CONT MOTOR
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: C145 SERIES
Registered Owner: CHESTER A. GODIN
Rated Power: 145 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: PAWS, 354 ft msl
Observation Time: 0256 UTC
Distance from Accident Site: 9 Nautical Miles
Direction from Accident Site: 89°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Scattered / 10000 ft agl
Temperature/Dew Point: 9°C / -7°C
Lowest Ceiling:
Visibility:  10 Miles
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: 7 knots, 60°
Visibility (RVR):
Altimeter Setting: 29.71 inches Hg
Visibility (RVV):
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: BIG LAKE, AK (BGQ)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Big Lake, AK
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1800 AKD
Type of Airspace:  Class G 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Destroyed
Passenger Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Fire: On-Ground
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude:  61.568889, -149.851111 (est)

Cessna C182RG, N2696C: Incidents occurred April 09, 2018 and August 14, 2016; Accident occurred February 04, 2012 at Colorado Springs Municipal Airport (KCOS), Colorado

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Denver

Aircraft landed gear up on runway 17R.

United States Air Force
Peterson AFB Aero Club  

http://registry.faa.gov/N2696C

Date: 09-APR-18
Time: 20:17:00Z
Regis#: N2696C
Aircraft Make: CESSNA
Aircraft Model: 172RG
Event Type: INCIDENT
Highest Injury: NONE
Aircraft Missing: No
Damage: UNKNOWN
Activity: UNKNOWN
Flight Phase: LANDING (LDG)
City: COLORADO SPRINGS
State: COLORADO

Aircraft on landing, nose gear collapsed. 

Date: 14-AUG-16
Time: 20:00:00Z
Regis#: N2696C
Aircraft Make: CESSNA
Aircraft Model: 182
Event Type: Incident
Highest Injury: None
Damage: Unknown
Flight Phase: LANDING (LDG)
City: COLORADO SPRINGS
State: Colorado

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board:  https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board 

Location: Colorado Springs, CO
Accident Number: CEN12CA157
Date & Time: 02/04/2012, 1422 MDT
Registration: N2696C
Aircraft: CESSNA R182
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Landing gear not configured
Injuries: 1 Minor
Flight Conducted Under:  Part 91: General Aviation - Personal

Analysis

The pilot was conducting a series of practice accuracy landings in preparation for a checkride. He reported that he inadvertently forgot to extend the landing gear. He added that he did not remember hearing the landing gear warning horn just before touchdown because he had allowed himself to become fixated on maneuvering the aircraft to the precise landing point. The airplane touched down on the runway surface with the landing gear retracted, which caused substantial damage to the fuselage structure. The pilot reported that there were no preimpact mechanical malfunctions with the airplane.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot did not extend the landing gear before landing.

Findings

Aircraft
Landing gear system - Not used/operated (Cause)

Personnel issues
Forgotten action/omission - Pilot (Cause)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing
Landing gear not configured (Defining event)
Abnormal runway contact 

Pilot Information

Certificate: Airline Transport; Flight Instructor; Military
Age: 49, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): Helicopter
Restraint Used: Seatbelt, Shoulder harness
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane; Helicopter
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): Helicopter; Instrument Helicopter
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam:  11/21/2011
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 12/23/2011
Flight Time:   3653 hours (Total, all aircraft), 22 hours (Total, this make and model), 2107 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 23 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 14 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 1 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: CESSNA
Registration: N2696C
Model/Series: R182
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture:
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: R18200218
Landing Gear Type: Retractable - Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 01/06/2012, 100 Hour
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 3100 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection: 50 Hours
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 1176 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: LYCOMING
ELT:  Not installed
Engine Model/Series: O-540 SERIES
Registered Owner: UNITED STATES AIR FORCE - PETERSON AFB AERO CLUB
Rated Power: 250 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KCOS, 6187 ft msl
Observation Time: 1354 MDT
Distance from Accident Site: 1 Nautical Miles
Direction from Accident Site: 90°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Temperature/Dew Point: -1°C / -8°C
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility:  10 Miles
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: 11 knots, 30°
Visibility (RVR):
Altimeter Setting: 30.35 inches Hg
Visibility (RVV):
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Colorado Springs, CO (COS)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: Company VFR
Destination: Colorado Springs, CO (COS)
Type of Clearance: VFR
Departure Time: 1345 MDT
Type of Airspace:

Airport Information

Airport: City of Colorado Springs Muni (COS)
Runway Surface Type: Concrete
Airport Elevation: 6187 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 35R
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 13501 ft / 150 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Traffic Pattern 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 Minor
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 Minor
Latitude, Longitude:  38.803333, -104.700278 (est)

Piper PA-11, N78635: Incident occurred April 08, 2018 - Montague Island, Alaska

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Anchorage

On landing aircraft nosed over and bent prop.

http://registry.faa.gov/N78635

Date: 08-APR-18
Time: 20:25:00Z
Regis#: N78635
Aircraft Make: PIPER
Aircraft Model: PA 11
Event Type: INCIDENT
Highest Injury: NONE
Aircraft Missing: No
Damage: UNKNOWN
Activity: PERSONAL
Flight Phase: LANDING (LDG)
Operation: 91
City: MONTAGUE ISLAND
State: ALASKA

Cessna 180B, N485KC: Incident occurred April 09, 2018 in Phoenix, Maricopa County, Arizona

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Scottsdale

Aircraft right wingtip struck runway.

http://registry.faa.gov/N485KC

Date: 09-APR-18
Time: 00:15:00Z
Regis#: N485KC
Aircraft Make: CESSNA
Aircraft Model: 180B
Event Type: INCIDENT
Highest Injury: NONE
Aircraft Missing: No
Damage: MINOR
Activity: UNKNOWN
Flight Phase: LANDING (LDG)
Operation: 91
City: PHOENIX
State: ARIZONA

Incident occurred April 08, 2018 at Scottsdale Airport (KSDL), Maricopa County, Arizona

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Scottsdale

Aircraft on landing exited the runway into a rock area.

Date: 08-APR-18
Time: 14:24:00Z
Regis#: N612A
Aircraft Make: CESSNA
Aircraft Model: T210N
Event Type: INCIDENT
Highest Injury: NONE
Aircraft Missing: No
Damage: NONE
Activity: UNKNOWN
Flight Phase: LANDING (LDG)
Operation: 91
City: SCOTTSDALE
State: ARIZONA

Cessna 172A Skyhawk, N7452T: Incident occurred March 30, 2018 at Fallbrook Community Airpark (L18), San Diego County, California

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; San Francisco

On landing aircraft braked hard and struck the prop.

http://registry.faa.gov/N7452T

Date: 30-MAR-18
Time: 18:30:00Z
Regis#: N7452T
Aircraft Make: CESSNA
Aircraft Model: 172A
Event Type: INCIDENT
Highest Injury: NONE
Aircraft Missing: No
Damage: MINOR
Activity: UNKNOWN
Flight Phase: LANDING (LDG)
Operation: 91
City: FALLBROOK
State: CALIFORNIA

Beechcraft 95-B55 (T42A) Baron, N28TJ: Incident occurred April 06, 2018 at Zamperini Field Airport (KTOA), Torrance, Los Angeles County, California

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Long Beach

Aircraft bounced on landing, nose gear folded.

Wolfenden Enterprises Inc:  http://registry.faa.gov/N28TJ

Date: 06-APR-18
Time: 19:09:00Z
Regis#: N28TJ
Aircraft Make: BEECH
Aircraft Model: 95 B55
Event Type: INCIDENT
Highest Injury: UNKNOWN
Aircraft Missing: No
Damage: UNKNOWN
Activity: UNKNOWN
Flight Phase: LANDING (LDG)
Operation: 91
City: TORRANCE
State: CALIFORNIA

Cessna 172R Skyhawk, N789BG: Incident occurred April 06, 2018 at Witham Field Airport (KSUA), Stuart, Martin County, Florida

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Miami

On roll out aircraft indicated brake issue and went into the infield.

M9C146 Aviation LLC: http://registry.faa.gov/N789BG

Date: 06-APR-18
Time: 12:52:00Z
Regis#: N789BG
Aircraft Make: CESSNA
Aircraft Model: 172R
Event Type: INCIDENT
Highest Injury: NONE
Aircraft Missing: No
Damage: UNKNOWN
Activity: UNKNOWN
Flight Phase: PUSHBACK/TOWING (PBT)
Operation: 91
City: STUART
State: FLORIDA

Van's RV-4, N66PB: Accident occurred April 06, 2018 at Caldwell Industrial Airport (KEUL), Canyon County, Idaho

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Boise

http://registry.faa.gov/N66PB

NTSB Identification: GAA18CA203
14 CFR Part 91: General Aviation
Accident occurred Friday, April 06, 2018 in Caldwell, ID
Aircraft: CARR B L RV 4, registration: N66PB

NTSB investigators will use data provided by various entities, including, but not limited to, the Federal Aviation Administration and/or the operator, and will not travel in support of this investigation to prepare this aircraft accident report.

Aircraft experienced a hard landing.

Date: 06-APR-18
Time: 19:29:00Z
Regis#: N66PB
Aircraft Make: EXPERIMENTAL CARR B L
Aircraft Model: RV 4
Event Type: ACCIDENT
Highest Injury: NONE
Aircraft Missing: No
Damage: SUBSTANTIAL
Activity: UNKNOWN
Flight Phase: LANDING (LDG)
Operation: 91
City: CALDWELL
State: IDAHO

Quad City CH II Longwing, N523SK: Incident occurred April 07, 2018 in Sidney, Cheyenne County, Nebraska

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Lincoln

Ultralight landed in the median of an interstate.

http://registry.faa.gov/N523SK

Date: 07-APR-18
Time: 22:10:00Z
Regis#: N523SK
Aircraft Make: UNKNOWN
Aircraft Model: CH II LONGWING
Event Type: INCIDENT
Highest Injury: NONE
Aircraft Missing: No
Damage: UNKNOWN
Activity: UNKNOWN
Flight Phase: LANDING (LDG)
Operation: 103
City: SIDNEY
State: NEBRASKA

Beechcraft 200 Super King Air, N982GA: Incident occurred April 08, 2018 at Essex County Airport (KCDW), Caldwell, New Jersey

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Teterboro

Aircraft veered off runway during landing and came to a stop in the grass.

Eastern King Air Services LLC: http://registry.faa.gov/N982GA

Date: 08-APR-18
Time: 17:30:00Z
Regis#: N982GA
Aircraft Make: BEECH
Aircraft Model: 200
Event Type: INCIDENT
Highest Injury: NONE
Aircraft Missing: No
Damage: UNKNOWN
Activity: ON DEMAND
Flight Phase: LANDING (LDG)
Operation: 135
City: CALDWELL
State: NEW JERSEY

Mooney M20C, N7877V: Incident occurred April 07, 2018 at Minot International Airport (KMOT), Ward County, North Dakota

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Fargo

Aircraft landed gear up.

Roux Studios LLC:  http://registry.faa.gov/N7877V

Date: 07-APR-18
Time: 19:39:00Z
Regis#: N7877V
Aircraft Make: MOONEY
Aircraft Model: M20C
Event Type: INCIDENT
Highest Injury: NONE
Aircraft Missing: No
Damage: UNKNOWN
Activity: PERSONAL
Flight Phase: LANDING (LDG)
Operation: 91
City: MINOT
State: NORTH DAKOTA

Embraer EMB-145LR, American Eagle, N670AE: Incident occurred April 06, 2018 near Toledo Express Airport (KTOL), Lucas County, Ohio

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Cleveland

Flight 4018:  Aircraft struck a bird on approach.

American Airlines Inc:  http://registry.faa.gov/N670AE

Date: 06-APR-18
Time: 21:15:00Z
Regis#: N670AE
Aircraft Make: EMBRAER
Aircraft Model: EMB 145LR
Event Type: INCIDENT
Highest Injury: NONE
Aircraft Missing: No
Damage: UNKNOWN
Activity: COMMERCIAL
Flight Phase: APPROACH (APR)
Operation: 121
Aircraft Operator: AMERICAN EAGLE
Flight Number: 4018
City: TOLEDO
State: OHIO

Allegiant Air, McDonnell Douglas MD-83, N429NV: Incident occurred April 08, 2018 at Sioux Falls Regional Airport (KFSD), South Dakota








Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office;  Rapid City

Flight G4-456:  On landing slid off the end of the runway.

http://registry.faa.gov/N429NV

Date: 08-APR-18
Time: 12:08:00Z
Regis#: UNK
Aircraft Make: MCDONNELL DOUGLAS
Aircraft Model: MD83
Event Type: INCIDENT
Highest Injury: UNKNOWN
Aircraft Missing: No
Damage: UNKNOWN
Activity: COMMERCIAL
Flight Phase: LANDING (LDG)
Operation: 121
Aircraft Operator: ALLEGIANT
Flight Number: 456
City: SIOUX FALLS
State: SOUTH DAKOTA

Cessna P210N, N215GN: Incident occurred April 07, 2018 at Addison Airport (KADS), Dallas County, Texas

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office;  Dallas

Aircraft landed in engineered materials arrestor system area, nose gear broke off.

http://registry.faa.gov/N215GN

Date: 07-APR-18
Time: 15:40:00Z
Regis#: N215GN
Aircraft Make: CESSNA
Aircraft Model: P210N
Event Type: INCIDENT
Highest Injury: NONE
Aircraft Missing: No
Damage: UNKNOWN
Activity: UNKNOWN
Flight Phase: LANDING (LDG)
Operation: 91
City: DALLAS
State: TEXAS

Loss of Control in Flight: McDonnell Douglas MD 600N, N602BP; fatal accident occurred April 08, 2018 in Smethport, McKean County, Pennsylvania

The National Transportation Safety Board traveled to the scene of this accident.

Additional Participating Entities: 

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Rolls-Royce; Indianapolis, Indiana
MD Helicopters; Mesa, Arizona

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf


Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms


http://registry.faa.gov/N602BP


Location: Smethport, PA
Accident Number: ERA18FA122
Date & Time: 04/08/2018, 1711 EDT
Registration: N602BP
Aircraft: MD HELICOPTER 600
Aircraft Damage: Destroyed
Defining Event: Loss of control in flight
Injuries: 2 Fatal, 1 Serious
Flight Conducted Under: Part 133: Rotorcraft Ext. Load 

On April 8, 2018, about 1711 eastern daylight time, an MD Helicopters 600N helicopter, N602BP, was destroyed when it collided with a wooden power line support structure and terrain in Smethport, Pennsylvania. The commercial pilot was seriously injured, and two linemen were fatally injured. The helicopter was being operated by High Line Helicopters, Inc., as Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 133 external load flight. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed, and no flight plan was filed. The flight departed from an unimproved landing zone adjacent to the accident site.

Three power lines, which were newly constructed in mountainous terrain and oriented approximately east/west, were supported by structures that were constructed of either wood (dual pole, H-frame) or steel (single pole). A static line was affixed to the top of the structures above the power lines. The purpose of the flight was to remove the static line from the wheeled pulley device (dolly) that temporarily secured the static line and permanently secure the static line to the structures ("clipping wire"). One lineman completed the task from the skid of the hovering helicopter, and another lineman inside the helicopter passed tools and equipment back and forth to the lineman on the skid.

The steps to complete the task on each support structure included wrapping the line with a spiraled wire coating (armor rod), attaching a safety strap (safety), ratcheting a chain lifting device (hoist) to the top of the structure pole, and placing the static line attachment device (shoe) to the line. Afterward, the line was hoisted into position and bolted to the structure, and the safety, hoist, and dolly were then removed from the structure and static line. The pilot then repositioned the helicopter so that the linemen could repeat the steps on the next structure.

During a postaccident interview, the pilot reported that he and the linemen (the crew) met earlier in the day and flew to one of the structures to assess the work and tools required to complete the task. The helicopter then returned to the landing zone and was refueled before departing on the accident flight. The crew completed one structure, and the pilot hovered the helicopter into position so that work could begin on the next structure. In a written statement, the pilot stated that the pole where the accident occurred was at "a slight inside angle" but was considered to be a "safe" area in which to work. According to the pilot and the operator, the helicopter was hovering "inside the bite," which was the triangular area comprising the wire from the uphill pole, the turn at the accident pole, and the wire to the downhill pole. The "base" of the triangle was the horizontal line from the uphill pole to the downhill pole. The operator indicated that the "bite" had a vertical dimension as well.

Once the helicopter was in position, the lineman on the helicopter skid attached the first half of the armor rod ahead of the dolly and manipulated the line and the dolly to complete the wrap. According to the pilot, the lineman opened the spring-loaded locking gate on the dolly above the static line to wrap the second half of the armor rod, which was "normal" before the attachment of the safety. About that time, the pilot felt the helicopter being "pulled" toward the structure. The pilot stated that he made full right cyclic and full left pedal inputs to avoid colliding with the structure but that "all I remember is rolling over the structure." The pilot said that he neither felt nor heard anything unusual before the helicopter was "pulled" toward the structure.

A witness to the accident stated that, while the helicopter was hovering, its nose turned away from the pole, and the helicopter "was violently forced back to the pole." The witness also stated that the tail section struck the pole and that the helicopter "broke in two," after which the helicopter appeared "to fall straight down." The witness did not see the helicopter's impact but stated that the engine "continued to surge."

The helicopter descended vertically between and adjacent to the dual-pole structure. The tailboom and the six rotor blades from the main rotor separated from the helicopter during the descent.

Pilot Information

Certificate: Commercial
Age: 30, Male
Airplane Rating(s): None
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): Helicopter
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): Helicopter
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 04/05/2017
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time:  6200 hours (Total, all aircraft), 250 hours (Total, this make and model), 150 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 50 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 4 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

According to Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) records, the pilot held a commercial pilot certificate with ratings for rotorcraft-helicopter and instrument helicopter. The pilot's most recent FAA second-class medical certificate was issued April 5, 2017. According to the operator, he had accrued about 6,200 hours of total flight experience, 250 hours of which were in the 600N helicopter. The operator estimated that that pilot had accrued 3,000 hours performing power line operations.

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: MD HELICOPTER
Registration: N602BP
Model/Series: 600 N
Aircraft Category:Helicopter 
Year of Manufacture: 1998
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: RN025
Landing Gear Type: Ski;
Seats:
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 02/04/2018, 100 Hour
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 4500 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection: 73 Hours
Engines:1 Turbo Shaft 
Airframe Total Time: 5203.6 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: ALLISON
ELT: Installed, activated, did not aid in locating accident
Engine Model/Series: 250-C47
Registered Owner: FTAV LLC
Rated Power: 650 hp
Operator: High Line Helicopters, LLC
Operating Certificate(s) Held: Rotorcraft External Load (133)

The helicopter was manufactured in 1998 and was equipped with a Rolls-Royce/Allison 250-C47 600-horsepower turboshaft engine. At the time of the accident, the helicopter's Hobbs meter indicated a total of 5,203.6 hours.

Maintenance record excerpts showed that the helicopter's most recent 100-hour inspection was completed on February 4, 2018. The helicopter had accumulated 5,120.8 hours at that time.

An FAA airworthiness inspector reviewed the helicopter's maintenance records. The inspector found numerous record-keeping errors but overall compliance with hourly and calendar inspections as well as compliance with airworthiness directives.

The helicopter was installed with aluminum diamond-plate flooring, which required the removal of the left-side cabin door, and a 6061-T6 aluminum pipe. A search of the FAA's aircraft registry records and the helicopter's maintenance logbooks found no information regarding these installations. Also, no records were found showing FAA approval for these modifications or company documentation of weight and balance computations that reflected the changes.

According to section 2-1 of the MD 600N flight manual, operations with the left-side cabin door removed were authorized, but operations with the pilot (right) seat removed (resulting in a left-seat command configuration) were not. Neither of these modifications was reflected in the helicopter's weight and balance or aircraft records.

Title 14 CFR 91.107(a)(3) required that all passengers be seated in an approved seat and properly secured with a seatbelt during aircraft movement. The helicopter's cabin had no passenger seats installed.

Weight and balance computations based on pilot and lineman weights, cargo, and three different fuel states (full, one-half, and one-third tank) showed that the helicopter, as configured, was likely within weight, lateral, and longitudinal center-of-gravity limits for the accident flight.

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: BFD, 2150 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 10 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 2053 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 260°
Lowest Cloud Condition:
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: Overcast / 4100 ft agl
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 10 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual:/ None 
Wind Direction: 290°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual:
Altimeter Setting: 29.95 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: -3°C / -12°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Smethport, PA
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Smethport, PA
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1700 EDT
Type of Airspace: Class G 

At 1653, the weather reported at Bradford Regional Airport (BFD), Lewis Run, Pennsylvania, which was located 10 miles west of the accident site, included an overcast layer at 4,100 ft, 10 statute miles visibility, and wind from 290° at 10 knots. The temperature was -3°C, the dew point was -12°C, and the altimeter setting was 29.95 inches of mercury. 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 2 Fatal, 1 Serious
Aircraft Damage: Destroyed
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 Fatal, 1 Serious
Latitude, Longitude: 41.828333, -78.419444 

The accident site was at an elevation of about 1,600 ft. All major components were accounted for at the scene. The wreckage was contained largely at the bottom of the wooden H-frame structure that was struck, with the six rotor blades separated at the hub and scattered at various distances on the south side of the power lines. One rotor blade traveled about 300 ft down the hill (west) of the structure. The tailboom separated and was found about 70 ft west of the structure. Striating marks consistent with wire contact were visible on top of the left skid forward of the front cross-tube.

The six main rotor blades remained inside their respective pitch housings, and the laminated steel strap sets ("strap packs") were fractured at the hub. The blades showed varying degrees of chordwise and spanwise twisting and bending. One of the rotor blades displayed a concave dent 2.25 inches from the tip. The dent was about 1 inch wide and 0.75 inch deep. The overall dimensions of the dent and the dimensions of the individual striating marks inside it were consistent with the total dimensions of the static line and its individual strands.

The safety strap was suspended from a cross-brace of the H-frame structure, and the hoist was found next to the fuselage. Both appeared undamaged. Examination of the structure poles and the static line revealed signatures consistent with blade strikes. Blemishes on the static line, about 11 feet uphill (east) of the structure where the dolly was mounted, displayed smearing signatures consistent with a high-speed, metal-to-metal strike.

Continuity of the flight control and drive systems was established through several breaks. The fractures and breaks all displayed features consistent with overstress. Examination of the wreckage revealed no preimpact mechanical anomalies.

The dolly was in its swiveling mount and was facing 180° from its operational position. Damage signatures to the pole above the dolly's mount matched the dimensions of the dolly. The dolly was recovered from the top of the structure and was found to be intact except for the locking gate, which was fractured. The fracture surfaces displayed features consistent with overstress. The dolly was retained for further examination at the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) Materials Laboratory where it was compared it with an exemplar dolly. The dolly assembly consisted of a circular pulley wheel with a U-shape groove for holding a cable that was surrounded by a block with a locking gate. The locking gate latch was spring loaded to stay in the closed position (when not being actuated) against a tab on the block. The latch, when resting against the tab, would be under a bending force with the tension side facing outward face and the compression side facing inward.

In the closed position, the locking gate latch would prevent the cable from leaving the groove on the pulley wheel. When the locking gate latch was actuated, it rotated inward to allow a cable to be moved either inward or outward.

Examination of the fracture surfaces on the locking gate latch with a scanning electron microscope revealed fractures consistent with overstress. The direction of the fractures on the latch remnants, and the smear marks on the pulley wheel guide outer corners, were from the pulley wheel moving outward. 

Tests And Research

The NTSB deployed two unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) to conduct aerial imaging of the power lines that the helicopter impacted and to map the terrain in the area in and around the power lines and supporting structures. The UAS flights were conducted 1 year after the accident; during that time, the construction work on the powerlines had been completed.

A mapping flight of an exemplar MD Helicopters 600N helicopter was conducted to create a three-dimensional point cloud/surface model of the helicopter. Photogrammetry software was used to process the data and imagery from the accident scene map along with the three-dimensional model of the helicopter. The three-dimensional model was used to demonstrate the relative position of the helicopter to the tower, wires, and the dolly as well as the clearances available between the main rotor blades and the static line.

Additional Information

Organizational Information

High Line Helicopters was hired as an independent contractor by J.W. Didado Electric, LLC, a subsidiary of Quanta Services, Inc., to transport J.W. Didado employees to job sites for new power line construction. First Energy Corporation hired J.W. Didado to perform the construction.

During a postaccident telephone interview, the NTSB asked the director of safety for High Line Helicopters about the task sequence and specifically why the safety strap was not installed first. He replied that the safety strap aboard the helicopter was "not long enough" to stay attached while the armor rod was being installed and that a "choker safety" should have been used. When asked if the company's standard operating procedures directed that the crew retrieve the choker safety, the director of safety replied, "that is more or less a contractor thing" and that High Line Helicopters did not have procedures for contractor equipment. When asked to describe operations "inside the bite," the safety director stated that it was the area where, once the helicopter was inside it, the wire would move toward the helicopter if the wire became loose from the dolly.

Quanta Services published a safety manual with detailed guidelines and a skills proficiency sheet, also referred to as a grade slip, for linemen who performed their work from helicopters. Section 14, Helicopter Safety, Rigging, page 14-10, states the following: "secondary securement systems shall be utilized in situations that can [a]ffect safe helicopter operations, such as clipping wire." Quanta Services further indicated that the safety manual was for "guidance only" and the training of linemen for helicopter operations was the responsibility of the helicopter contractor.

Previous Related Accidents

A review of the NTSB's accident database revealed that the operator was involved in three accidents within a 3-month period in 2018, including this accident. The first accident (ERA18LA091) occurred in San Juan, Puerto Rico on January 11, 2018, and the second accident (CEN18LA121) occurred in Blair, Wisconsin, on March 7, 2018, and involved the accident pilot. The accident in Smethport, Pennsylvania, occurred about 1 month later.

The first two accidents occurred during "human cargo external load operations." For the first accident (ERA18LA091), the NTSB found that probable cause was the helicopter pilot's improper decision to use an open-end grapple, instead of an A-frame attachment, to lift and move a ladder with a lineman on it and the lineman's improper decision to be lifted on a ladder via an open-end grapple, which were contrary to company policy and the Federal Aviation Regulations.

For the second accident (CEN18LA121) the NTSB determined that the probable cause was the pilot's failure to recognize and compensate for hazards during the human cargo external load operation, which led to a collision between a lineman, who was the external load, and a live power line. FAA inspectors determined the company's Rotorcraft External Load Flight Manual had inadequate procedures and training for human external cargo.

FAA Oversight

During the investigation, FAA aviation safety inspectors identified areas within the flight and maintenance departments for improvement. Inspectors visited the operator's facilities, presented a "maintenance demonstration," and provided templates for documents and standard operating procedures for recordkeeping and pilot training.

During a subsequent aircraft conformity inspection, an FAA aviation safety inspector (airworthiness) noted that the operator had incorporated the documents provided and that no deficiencies were noted.

As a result of this accident investigation, the president of High Line Helicopters mandated the installation of safety straps to wires before work begins. The safety straps are to remain in place until work is completed at each structure.

Location: Smethport, PA
Accident Number: ERA18FA122
Date & Time: 04/08/2018, 1711 EDT
Registration: N602BP
Aircraft: MD HELICOPTER 600
Injuries: 2 Fatal, 1 Serious
Flight Conducted Under: Part 133: Rotorcraft Ext. Load 

On April 8, 2018, about 1711 eastern daylight time, an MD Helicopter 600N, N602BP, operated by High Line Helicopters, LLC, was destroyed when it collided with a wooden power line support structure and terrain in Smethport, Pennsylvania. The commercial pilot was seriously injured and two linemen were fatally injured. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed, and no flight plan was filed for the power line construction flight, which was conducted under the provisions of Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 133. The flight departed an unimproved landing zone adjacent to the accident site.

The power lines (3) were newly constructed in mountainous terrain and were oriented approximately east/west. They were supported by a series of structures of either wood (dual pole, H-frame) or steel (single pole) construction. A static line was affixed to the top of the structures above the power lines. The purpose of the flight was to remove the static line from the wheeled, pulley device (dolly) that temporarily secured the static line and permanently secure the static line to the structure. One lineman completed the task from the skid of the hovering helicopter, while a second lineman passed tools and equipment back and forth from inside the helicopter.

The steps taken to complete the task included wrapping the line with a spiraled wire coating (armor rod), attaching a safety strap (safety), a ratcheting chain lifting device (hoist) each attached to the top of the structure pole, and then placing the static line attachment device (shoe) to the line. The line was then hoisted into position and bolted to the structure. The safety, hoist, and dolly were then removed from the structure and static line, and the helicopter repositioned to the next structure to repeat the task.

In an interview, the pilot reported that the entire crew met earlier in the day, and flew to a structure to assess the work and tools required to complete the assigned task. They landed, refueled, and departed on the accident flight. The crew completed one structure, and the pilot hovered the helicopter into position to complete the work on the next structure. The lineman attached the first half of the armor rod ahead of the dolly, and manipulated the line and the dolly to complete the wrap. According to the pilot, the lineman opened the spring-loaded locking gate on the dolly above the static line to wrap the second half of the armor rod, which was "normal," and prior to the attachment of the safety. About that time, the pilot felt the helicopter was "pulled" toward the structure. He made cyclic and pedal inputs to avoid the structure, but "all I remember is rolling over the structure." When asked, the pilot said he neither felt nor heard anything unusual prior to the helicopter being pulled to the structure.

The helicopter descended vertically between and adjacent to the two-pole structure. The tailboom and all six rotor blades separated from the helicopter during the descent.

According to Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) records, the pilot held a commercial pilot certificate with ratings for rotorcraft-helicopter and instrument helicopter. The pilot's most recent FAA second-class medical certificate was issued April 5, 2017. According to the operator, he had accrued approximately 6,200 total hours of flight experience, of which 250 were in the MD 600N. The operator estimated that that pilot had accrued 3,000 hours performing power line operations.

The helicopter was manufactured in 1998 and was equipped with a Rolls-Royce/Allison 250-C47 series, 600-horsepower turboshaft engine.

Maintenance-record excerpts revealed the helicopter's most recent 100-hour inspection was completed February 4, 2018 at 5,120.8 total aircraft hours.

At 1653, the weather reported at Bradford Regional Airport (BFD), 10 miles west of the accident site, included an overcast layer at 4,100 ft, 10 statute miles visibility, and wind from 290° at 10 knots. The temperature was -3°C, the dew point was -12°C, and the altimeter setting was 29.95 inches of mercury.

The helicopter was examined at the accident site about 1,600 ft elevation, and all major components were accounted for at the scene. The wreckage was contained largely at the bottom of the wooden H-structure that was struck, with the six rotor blades separated at the hub and scattered at various distances on the south side of the power lines. One rotor blade travelled approximately 300 ft down the hill (west) of the structure. The tailboom separated and was about 70 ft west of the structure. Striating marks consistent with wire contact were visible on top of the left skid forward of the front crosstube.

The wreckage was recovered from the accident site to a secure facility for further examination at a later date.

The safety strap was suspended from a cross-brace of the H-structure, and the hoist was found next to the fuselage. Each appeared undamaged. Examination of the structure poles and the static line revealed signatures consistent with blade strikes. The dolly was in its swiveling mount and facing 180° from its operational position. Damage signatures to the pole above its mounting matched the dimensions of the dolly. The dolly was recovered from the top of the structure, and examination revealed it was intact except for the locking gate, which was fractured. The fracture surfaces displayed features consistent with overstress. The dolly was retained for further examination at the NTSB Materials laboratory. 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: MD HELICOPTER
Registration: N602BP
Model/Series: 600 N
Aircraft Category: Helicopter
Amateur Built: No
Operator: High Line Helicopters, LLC
Operating Certificate(s) Held: Rotorcraft External Load (133) 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: BFD, 2150 ft msl
Observation Time: 2053 UTC
Distance from Accident Site: 10 Nautical Miles
Temperature/Dew Point: -3°C / -12°C
Lowest Cloud Condition:
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: 10 knots, 290°
Lowest Ceiling: Overcast / 4100 ft agl
Visibility:  10 Miles
Altimeter Setting: 29.95 inches Hg
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Departure Point: Smethport, PA
Destination: Smethport, PA 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 2 Fatal, 1 Serious
Aircraft Damage: Destroyed
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 Fatal, 1 Serious
Latitude, Longitude: 41.828333, -78.419444

Michael Lee Koon 


Life Legacy
Michael Koon
Boiling Springs, SC 

Michael Lee Koon, 35, passed away on Sunday, April 08, 2018. He was the son of Michael Ray and Donna McKinney Koon and the husband, best friend and soulmate of Amber Viverette Koon. He was a member of Fairview Baptist Church and an outdoorsman who loved hunting and fishing. He was a hard worker who was committed, loved and adored his children and family. He was employed with JW Didado Electric, where he worked as a Transmission Journeyman Lineman and had great respect for his Union Brotherhood and his fellow brother lineman, the late Shane Filkins. 

Survivors also include his daughter, Bixley Grace Koon; and son, Breylan Ray Koon; grandparents, Willie Viverette and Ryan McKinney and wife, Waynette; his in-laws, Robbie and Robert Tate. He was predeceased by grandparents, Jean and CL Sizemore, Ray and Elizabeth Koon, Barbara Gillespie and Sandy Viverette. 

Family will receive friends from 6:00 PM until 8:00 PM on Friday, April 13, 2018 at Stribling Funeral Home. Funeral Services will be held at 2:00 PM on Saturday, April 14, 2018 at Fairview Baptist Church with Rev. Ty Childers officiating. Interment will be at Boiling Springs Memorial Gardens. 

The family is at the home of Robert and Robbie Tate, 236 Summer Lady Lane, Boiling Springs. 

The family request memorials be made to Fallen Lineman Organization, PO Box 1453, Madisonville, LA 70447. 

Condolences may be made online at www.striblingfuneralhome.net 
The Stribling Funeral Home
Duncan, SC


Shane Kenneth Filkins 
June 03, 1994 - April 08, 2018

Shane Kenneth Filkins, 23, of Point Pleasant died in a workplace accident on Sunday, April 8, 2018 doing the job he loved. 

Shane was born on June 3, 1994. He was the son of Kathy Smith Filkins and Randolph L. Filkins.

Shane was preceded in death by his maternal grandparents Robert F. and Neva Lee Stapleton Smith, his paternal grandparents Kenneth W. and Nancy Bowermaster Filkins, and an uncle Steven F. Smith, as well as close family friend Helen Louise Roush. 

Shane was employed as an journeyman lineman and a member of the IBEW. His hobbies included traveling, and spending time with family, and weekends riding with friends. In addition to his mother and father, Shane is survived by his sister Ashlee Filkins in New Orleans, his longtime partner Morgan Thomas and her family of Point Pleasant, uncles Keith Smith of Ashland, KY; Bruce Filkins of San Diego, CA; Mark Filkins of Holly Springs, NC; and Larry Filkins of Leon, WV. Shane’s family will receive callers at Crow - Hussell Funeral Home in Point Pleasant. The funeral will be on Sunday, April 15th at 2 PM at the funeral home with interment to follow at Sandhill Cemetery. Pallbearers are Raheem Johnson, K.C. Filkins, Alex Hall, Chance Ruiz, Whitey Tucker, Bobby Board, Bronson Eustler, Too-Tall Oakley, and Michael Sheppard. 

Arrangements have been entrusted with Crow-Hussell Funeral Home.

Visitation will be Saturday April 14, 2018 from 6-9 at the funeral home.
Funeral service will be Sunday April 15, 2018 at Crow-Hussell Funeral Home beginning at 2:00 PM. Burial will follow at Sand Hill Cemetery.

Family and friends may express condolences online at: crowhussellfh.com




SMETHPORT, Pa. — The Investigation is continuing into a helicopter crash that killed two people and injured another man Sunday near Smethport.

The Federal Aviation Administration is looking into the crash and the National Transportation Safety Board will determine the cause involving a McDonnell Douglas 600N helicopter that went down at 5:30 p.m. along East Valley Road in Keating Township.

Meanwhile, McKean County Coroner Mike Cahill identified the two deceased victims as Shane Filkins, 23, of West Virginia and Michael Koon, 35, of South Carolina. Cahill did not release any other details.

The sole survivor of the crash –– the pilot –– has not been publicly identified. He was transported to Bradford Airport by Priority Care Ambulance on Sunday, where Stat Med-e-vac landed to transport the patient. The patient was reported to have arm and leg fractures and be conscious during transport. The pilot was flying a helicopter from High Line Helicopters of Virginia.

“We’ve never been through this before. It's tough,” said Tony Didado of J.W. Didado Electric of Akron, Ohio, owner of the company for which the men were working at the time of the crash.

The men were contractors working on power lines for First Energy.

Calling it “a terrible tragedy,” Doug Colafella of FirstEnergy said, “We don’t know what specifically had happened.”

The two workers who were killed in the accident had been supporting line construction of the Pierce Brook-Lewis Run Transmission Project, a 15-mile, 230-kilovolt power line between existing substations in Bradford and Keating townships.

“The new line is needed to maintain service reliability following the retirement of older power generating plants in the region, and is expected to be completed by mid-May, ahead of a June 1, 2018, in-service deadline,” Colafella said Monday afternoon. “When (Sunday’s) crash occurred, our contractors were using a helicopter to assist in stringing wires between the mostly wooden pole structures.”

Didado Electric has tackled quite a bit of work for FirstEnergy for the last 12 to 15 years –– or longer, Didado said. Workers had been part of that project since around December or January, he said.

“It’s been an ongoing project,” Didado said.

Colafella said that the practice has been used by utilities across the country for decades. This method reduces truck traffic, especially on private property and in rough terrain, he said.

“The helicopters are used to transport crews and materials (insulators, hardware and pulley blocks) to structures and to string, from structure to structure, the ‘pulling rope’ that will be used as a guide to install the conductors,” according to information from Colafella. “In order to facilitate the wire stringing process, pulling sites are established by the contractor in advance of the work. Pulling sites are gravel work area pads where the crews will set up pulling equipment that will guide the rope and conductor through the new transmission towers.”

Colafella said the method is better for the community by minimizing disruption to residents. The work is also more efficient, which significantly reduces the amount of time needed for stringing wires.

Colafella and Didado said such an incident is believed to have never happened before in the history of the two companies.

Peter Knudson, a public affairs officer with the National Transportation Safety Board, said details on what was found at the crash scene were not immediately available Monday, but he confirmed that the board is investigating.

Knudson described the process of investigations like these, which take several months.

The on-scene investigation is the shortest part, typically taking a few days, and is “focused on documenting perishable evidence,” he said.

Investigators look at the wreckage, talk to any witnesses, look for clues such as surveillance footage, listen to any communication recordings, such as air traffic or radio (contact) between crews on the ground and in the helicopter.

“We’re gathering all that would go away with the passage of time,” said Knudson.

A preliminary report is usually ready within one to two weeks of the start of the investigation, and then will appear on the NTSB website. That report will include facts and circumstances surrounding the crash, but it won’t include an analytical information or suggest a cause, Knudson explained.

In fact, it is usually one to two years before investigations come to a conclusion, he said.

“There’s a lot of work, of course, after the on-scene phase,” Knudson said.

That work, he said, can include tasks such as checking licenses, checking the 72-hour background of the pilot to determine if the person had time for sleep, checking the pilot’s medical history, looking into the pilot’s flight experience or testing aircraft components.

At the end, investigators lay all the information they’ve gathered out, determine the probable cause and decide “what role each of those items played in the accident,” said Knudson.

FirstEnergy will be reviewing safety procedures in determining its next step, Colafella said.

Original article ➤ http:/www.oleantimesherald.com

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Richmond

Rotocraft, during powerline patrol, windscreen shattered and force landed in a field.


Date:    16-JUN-17
Time:    20:15:00Z
Regis#:    N602BP
Aircraft Make:    MCDONNELL DOUGLAS
Aircraft Model:    MD600
Event Type:    INCIDENT
Highest Injury:    NONE
Aircraft Missing:    No
Damage:    MINOR
Activity:    OTHER
Flight Phase:    UNKNOWN (UNK)
City:    BLACKSBURG
State:    VIRGINIA