Monday, May 21, 2018

Midair Collision: Ryan Navion, N4356K and North American Navion, N8995H, accident occurred May 21, 2018 in Jasper, Walker County, Alabama

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident.

Additional Participating Entity: 

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Birmingham, Alabama

N4356K Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

N4356K Aviation Accident Data Summary - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

N4356K Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms

http://registry.faa.gov/N4356K

Location: Jasper, AL
Accident Number: WPR18LA144A
Date & Time: 05/21/2018, 1230 CDT
Registration: N4356K
Aircraft: RYAN NAVION
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Midair collision
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal

Analysis 

Before takeoff for the practice formation flight of four airplanes, the lead pilot briefed all the pilots on instructions for the formation changes. The flight began as a finger-four, heavy-left formation with a separation between the airplanes of about 80 ft. As the airplanes neared their destination, the lead pilot called for the flight to maneuver to "parade," and the airplanes closed the separation between them to about 40 ft. The lead pilot then called for the flight to change to an echelon-right formation. The two pilots in the trail airplanes left of the lead airplane began their maneuver to the right to position themselves behind the airplane that was already in position on the right side of the lead airplane. During this maneuver, the pilot in the airplane opposite the right-side airplane lost sight of that airplane due to sun glare, and they subsequently collided.Both airplane were able to land at the destination airport.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's failure to maintain clearance from another airplane in the formation flight due to sun glare.

Findings

Personnel issues
Monitoring other aircraft - Pilot (Cause)

Environmental issues
Glare - Effect on personnel (Cause)

Factual Information 

On May 21, 2018, about 1230 central daylight time, a white Ryan Navion N4356K, and a green North American Navion, N8995H, collided in midair near the Walker County Airport-Bevill Field (JFX), Jasper, Alabama. The white Navion's airline transport pilot and passenger were uninjured. The green Navion's private pilot was uninjured. The white Navion sustained substantial damage to the right wing. The green Navion sustained minor damage to the propeller and the underside of the left wing. Both airplanes were privately owned and operated by the pilots as a Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91 personal formation flight of four airplanes. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed at the time and no flight plans were filed by either pilot. The formation flight originated from Abernathy Field Airport (GZS) Pulaski, Tennessee, about 1130 destined for JFX.

Both airplanes were part of a formation flight of four airplanes practicing for an upcoming airshow. All the pilots in the formation had been briefed by the lead pilot prior to takeoff and included instructions for formation changes. Upon arrival to the destination airport, the flight was in a finger-four, heavy left formation, see figure 1a. The lead airplane was in the #1 position. The green Navion was in the #2 position. The white Navion was in the #3 position and the last airplane was in the #4 position.

The white Navion's pilot reported that when they were about five miles north of JFX, with "two airplanes" length separation of approximately 80 ft, the lead pilot called for the flight to maneuver to "parade" and the flight closed separation to approximately 40 ft. The lead pilot then called for the flight to change to an echelon right formation, see figure 1b. The pilot of the white Navion stated that he initiated a right bank and descended and decelerated to pass below and behind the green Navion, however due to sun glare he lost sight of the green Navion. He asked his passenger if she could see the green Navion. She told him it was right above them. He immediately pushed the nose down when the collision occurred.




The pilot in the #4 position stated it initially appeared the white Navion was not low enough to pass underneath the green Navion. He thought to transmit a warning to the pilot of the white Navion but changed his mind when he saw the airplane had clearance. He further stated just as the white Navion passed underneath the green Navion, the white Navion climbed into the green Navion. After the collision, all four airplanes continued to JFX and landed without further incident. 

History of Flight

Maneuvering
Midair collision (Defining event) 

Pilot Information

Certificate: Airline Transport; Commercial
Age: 63, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 Unknown
Last FAA Medical Exam:
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 10/22/2017
Flight Time:  13959 hours (Total, all aircraft), 66.5 hours (Total, this make and model), 4657.4 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 170.6 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 98 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 5.9 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: RYAN
Registration: N4356K
Model/Series: NAVION
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1948
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate:
Serial Number: NAV-4-1356
Landing Gear Type: Retractable - Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection:
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2850 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time:
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: IO 520
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 285 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KJFX
Distance from Accident Site:
Observation Time: 1230 CDT
Direction from Accident Site:
Lowest Cloud Condition: Scattered / 4500 ft agl
Visibility: 10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling:
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: Light and Variable /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: / Convective
Wind Direction: Variable
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: / Moderate
Altimeter Setting: 30.04 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 37°C / 21°C
Precipitation and Obscuration:
Departure Point: Jasper, AL (KJFX)
Type of Flight Plan Filed:
Destination: Jasper, AL (KJFX)
Type of Clearance: VFR 
Departure Time:  CDT
Type of Airspace: Class E

Airport Information

Airport: Walker County Airport-Bevill F (KJFX)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 483 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 09
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 5004 ft / 100 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Straight-in

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude: 33.871944, -87.259722

N8995H Aviation Accident Final Report -  National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

N8995H Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:  https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms

N8995H Aviation Accident Data Summary - National Transportation Safety Board:  https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

http://registry.faa.gov/N8995H

Location: Jasper, AL
Accident Number: WPR18LA144B
Date & Time: 05/21/2018, 1230 CDT
Registration: N8995H
Aircraft: NORTH AMERICAN NAVION
Aircraft Damage: Minor
Defining Event: Midair collision
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal

Analysis 

Before takeoff for the practice formation flight of four airplanes, the lead pilot briefed all the pilots on instructions for the formation changes. The flight began as a finger-four, heavy-left formation with a separation between the airplanes of about 80 ft. As the airplanes neared their destination, the lead pilot called for the flight to maneuver to "parade," and the airplanes closed the separation between them to about 40 ft. The lead pilot then called for the flight to change to an echelon-right formation. The two pilots in the trail airplanes left of the lead airplane began their maneuver to the right to position themselves behind the airplane that was already in position on the right side of the lead airplane. During this maneuver, the pilot in the airplane opposite the right-side airplane lost sight of that airplane due to sun glare, and they subsequently collided.Both airplane were able to land at the destination airport.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The other pilot's failure to maintain clearance from another airplane in the formation flight due to sun glare. 

Findings

Personnel issues
Monitoring other aircraft - Pilot of other aircraft (Cause)

Environmental issues
Glare - Effect on personnel (Cause)

Factual Information

On May 21, 2018, about 1230 central daylight time, a white Ryan Navion N4356K, and a green North American Navion, N8995H, collided in midair near the Walker County Airport-Bevill Field (JFX), Jasper, Alabama. The white Navion's airline transport pilot and passenger were uninjured. The green Navion's private pilot was uninjured. The white Navion sustained substantial damage to the right wing. The green Navion sustained minor damage to the propeller and the underside of the left wing. Both airplanes were privately owned and operated by the pilots as a Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91 personal formation flight of four airplanes. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed at the time and no flight plans were filed by either pilot. The formation flight originated from Abernathy Field Airport (GZS) Pulaski, Tennessee, about 1130 destined for JFX.

Both airplanes were part of a formation flight of four airplanes practicing for an upcoming airshow. All the pilots in the formation had been briefed by the lead pilot prior to takeoff and included instructions for formation changes. Upon arrival to the destination airport, the flight was in a finger-four, heavy left formation, see figure 1a. The lead airplane was in the #1 position. The green Navion was in the #2 position. The white Navion was in the #3 position and the last airplane was in the #4 position.

The white Navion's pilot reported that when they were about five miles north of JFX, with "two airplanes" length separation of approximately 80 ft, the lead pilot called for the flight to maneuver to "parade" and the flight closed separation to approximately 40 ft. The lead pilot then called for the flight to change to an echelon right formation, see figure 1b. The pilot of the white Navion stated that he initiated a right bank and descended and decelerated to pass below and behind the green Navion, however due to sun glare he lost sight of the green Navion. He asked his passenger if she could see the green Navion. She told him it was right above them. He immediately pushed the nose down when the collision occurred.

The pilot in the #4 position stated it initially appeared the white Navion was not low enough to pass underneath the green Navion. He thought to transmit a warning to the pilot of the white Navion but changed his mind when he saw the airplane had clearance. He further stated just as the white Navion passed underneath the green Navion, the white Navion climbed into the green Navion. After the collision, all four airplanes continued to JFX and landed without further incident. 

History of Flight

Enroute
Midair collision (Defining event)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 71, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: Lap Only
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 10/12/2016
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 11/11/2017
Flight Time:  1067 hours (Total, all aircraft), 805 hours (Total, this make and model), 967 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 13 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 7 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 0 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: NORTH AMERICAN
Registration: N8995H
Model/Series: NAVION NO SERIES
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1947
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: NAV-4-995
Landing Gear Type: Retractable - Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 05/09/2017, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2850 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 4783.67 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
ELT: C91  installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: E185
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 250 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KJFX
Distance from Accident Site:
Observation Time: 1230 CDT
Direction from Accident Site:
Lowest Cloud Condition: Scattered / 4500 ft agl
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling:
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: Light and Variable /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: / Convective
Wind Direction: Variable
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: / Moderate
Altimeter Setting: 30.04 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 37°C / 21°C
Precipitation and Obscuration:
Departure Point: Jasper, AL (KJFX)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: JASPER, AL (JFX)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time:  CDT
Type of Airspace: Class E

Airport Information

Airport: Walker County Airport-Bevill F (KJFX)
Runway Surface Type:
Airport Elevation: 483 ft
Runway Surface Condition:
Runway Used: 09
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 5004 ft / 100 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: None

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Minor
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude:  33.871944, -87.259722

Bell 205A-1, N120SH: Incident occurred May 19, 2018 in Fairbanks, Alaska

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Fairbanks, Alaska

Rotorcraft made an emergency landing in a field.

TVPX Aircraft Solutions Inc Trustee: http://registry.faa.gov/N120SH

Date: 19-MAY-18
Time: 23:30:00Z
Regis#: N120SH
Aircraft Make: BELL
Aircraft Model: 205A 1
Event Type: INCIDENT
Highest Injury: NONE
Aircraft Missing: No
Damage: NONE
Activity: UNKNOWN
Flight Phase: EMERGENCY DESCENT (EMG)
Operation: 91
City: FAIRBANKS
State: ALASKA

Aerospatiale AS350 B2 Ecureuil, N288CH: Accident occurred April 27, 2019 in Juneau, Alaska -and- Accident occurred May 18, 2018 in Yakutat, Alaska

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Juneau, Alaska

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf 

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms

http://registry.faa.gov/N288CH

Location: Juneau, AK
Accident Number: GAA19CA233
Date & Time: 04/27/2019, 1737 AKD
Registration: N288CH
Aircraft: AEROSPATIALE AS350
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Miscellaneous/other
Injuries: 6 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 135: Air Taxi & Commuter - Non-scheduled 

The helicopter pilot reported that, on the second landing on a "ridge/saddle," while dropping off passengers for recreational skiing. The tail rotor contacted a higher spot of snow-covered terrain.

The helicopter sustained substantial damage to the tail boom and mounting surface for the tail rotor gearbox.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Pilot Information

Certificate: Flight Instructor; Commercial
Age: 40, Male
Airplane Rating(s): None
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s): Helicopter
Restraint Used: 4-point
Instrument Rating(s): Helicopter
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): Helicopter; Instrument Helicopter
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 02/06/2019
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 04/02/2019
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 3707 hours (Total, all aircraft), 1384 hours (Total, this make and model), 3650 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 91 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 37 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 3 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: AEROSPATIALE
Registration: N288CH
Model/Series: AS350 B2
Aircraft Category: Helicopter
Year of Manufacture: 1990
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 2383
Landing Gear Type: High Skid
Seats: 7
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 03/05/2019, 100 Hour
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 4961 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Turbo Shaft
Airframe Total Time: 10172.3 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Safran
ELT: C126 installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: Ariel 1D1
Registered Owner: Coastal Helicopters Inc
Rated Power: 732 hp
Operator: Coastal Helicopters Inc
Operating Certificate(s) Held: Commercial Air Tour (136); Agricultural Aircraft (137); Rotorcraft External Load (133); On-demand Air Taxi (135)
Operator Does Business As:
Operator Designator Code: XCHA 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: PAJN, 24 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 9 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 0253 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 203°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Few / 6000 ft agl
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling:
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 6 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 250°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.39 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 14°C / -8°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Juneau, AK (PAJN)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: Company VFR
Destination: Juneau, AK
Type of Clearance: Unknown
Departure Time: 1700 AKD
Type of Airspace: Class G

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries:  None
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries:  None
Latitude, Longitude:  58.491111, -134.455000 (est)

Additional Participating Entity: 
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Juneau, Alaska

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms


Aviation Accident Data Summary - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf 
 


Location: Yakutat, AK
Accident Number: GAA18CA289
Date & Time: 05/18/2018, 1500 AKD
Registration: N288CH
Aircraft: AEROSPATIALE AS350 B2 ECUREUIL
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Miscellaneous/other
Injuries: 3 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 135: Air Taxi & Commuter - Non-scheduled

Analysis

The helicopter pilot reported that, during startup on an off-airport landing pad, the helicopter was facing into the wind, and the airspeed indicator was showing gusting wind conditions. As the blades began to turn, he felt a strong wind gust and heard a loud bang almost simultaneously, and the helicopter "lurched" to the right about 5°. He immediately aborted the start procedure and applied the rotor brake.

Postaccident examination revealed that the helicopter's main rotor blade had struck the tail rotor driveshaft cover and damaged the tail rotor drive shaft and support assembly.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the helicopter that would have precluded normal operation.

The pilot reported that the weather at the accident site, about the time of the accident, was wind from 130° at 25 knots, gusting to 30 knots with light, terrain-induced turbulence.

The flight manual stated that the wind envelope for spinning and stopping the rotors has been substantiated for winds of 40 knots from any direction and for 50-knot headwinds. 

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The helicopter's movement during startup in gusting wind conditions, which resulted in the main rotor striking the tailboom.

Findings

Aircraft
Performance/control parameters - Attain/maintain not possible (Cause)

Environmental issues
Gusts - Effect on operation

Factual Information

History of Flight

Standing-engine(s) start-up
Miscellaneous/other (Defining event) 

Pilot Information

Certificate: Commercial
Age: 45, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land; Single-engine Sea
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s): Glider; Helicopter
Restraint Used: 4-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 04/03/2018
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 05/09/2018
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 4648 hours (Total, all aircraft), 701 hours (Total, this make and model), 4500 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 55.8 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 47.8 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 2.7 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: AEROSPATIALE
Registration: N288CH
Model/Series: AS350 B2 ECUREUIL NO SERIES
Aircraft Category: Helicopter
Year of Manufacture: 1990
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 2383
Landing Gear Type: Emergency Float; High Skid
Seats: 7
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 02/13/2018, 100 Hour
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 4961 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Turbo Shaft
Airframe Total Time: 9854.4 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: TURBOMECA
ELT: C126 installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: ARRIEL 1D1
Registered Owner: COASTAL HELICOPTERS INC
Rated Power: 531 hp
Operator: COASTAL HELICOPTERS INC
Operating Certificate(s) Held:  Commercial Air Tour (136); Agricultural Aircraft (137); Rotorcraft External Load (133); On-demand Air Taxi (135)
Operator Does Business As:
Operator Designator Code: XCHA

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: PAYA, 31 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 52 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 2351 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 300°
Lowest Cloud Condition:
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: Broken / 1000 ft agl
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 14 knots / 28 knots
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / Terrain-Induced
Wind Direction: 140°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / Light
Altimeter Setting: 30 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 10°C / 7°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Juneau, AK (JNU)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: Company VFR
Destination: Yakutat, AK
Type of Clearance: VFR
Departure Time: 1251 AKD
Type of Airspace: Class G

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 2 None
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 3 None
Latitude, Longitude:  59.083333, -138.200278 (est)

Cessna 182A Skylane, N4964D: Accident occurred May 18, 2018 at Wickenburg Municipal Airport (E25), Maricopa County, Arizona

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Scottsdale, Arizona

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms

http://registry.faa.gov/N4964D

Location: Wickenburg, AZ
Accident Number: GAA18CA285
Date & Time: 05/18/2018, 0820 MST
Registration: N4964D
Aircraft: CESSNA 182
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

The pilot of the tailwheel-equipped airplane reported that, during the landing roll of a touch-and-go landing, he reconfigured the flaps for takeoff. He added that the airplane veered sharply to the right and he attempted to recover with full left rudder and brake. The airplane ground looped to the right and exited the runway. The left main landing gear collapsed and the left wing impacted the ground.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the left wing.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

The pilot reported that the automated weather observation station located on the airport reported that, about 20 minutes before the accident, the wind was light and variable with no wind gusts. The airplane landed on runway 05. 

Pilot Information

Certificate: Airline Transport; Flight Instructor; Commercial
Age: 67, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): Glider
Restraint Used: 4-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present:No 
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane Single-engine; Glider; Instrument Airplane
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 08/09/2017
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 03/01/2018
Flight Time:   (Estimated) 28114 hours (Total, all aircraft), 598 hours (Total, this make and model), 16757 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 35 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 10 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 1 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: CESSNA
Registration: N4964D
Model/Series: 182 A
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1958
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 51064
Landing Gear Type: Tailwheel
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 03/01/2018, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2650 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 2599 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: CONT MOTOR
ELT: C91  installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-470/L
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 230 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: E25, 2379 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 0800 MST
Direction from Accident Site: 0°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling:
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts:  Light and Variable /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: / None
Wind Direction: Variable
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.06 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 24°C / -1°C
Precipitation and Obscuration:  No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: GLENDALE, AZ (GEU)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Wickenburg, AZ (E25)
Type of Clearance: Traffic Advisory; VFR Flight Following
Departure Time: 0710 MST
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: WICKENBURG MUNI (E25)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 2378 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 05
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 6101 ft / 75 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Touch and Go; Traffic Pattern 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude:  33.968611, -112.798889 (est)

Zenith STOL CH 750, N830AZ: Accident occurred May 15, 2018 near Kern Valley Airport (L05), Kernville, Kern County, California

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident.

Additional Participating Entity:

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Fresno, California

Aviation Accident Preliminary Report - National Transportation Safety Board:  https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

http://registry.faa.gov/N830AZ


Location: Kernville, CA
Accident Number: WPR18LA120
Date & Time: 04/14/2018, 1300 PDT
Registration: N830AZ
Aircraft: ZEISMER Zenith
Injuries: 1 Minor
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal

On April 14, 2018, about 1300 Pacific daylight time, an experimental Zeismer Zenith CH-750 STOL airplane, N830AZ, experienced a total loss of engine power while in cruise flight about 15 miles north of Kern Valley Airport, Kernville, California. The sport pilot received minor injuries during the forced landing; the airplane sustained substantial damage. The airplane was registered to and operated by the pilot under the provisions of 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed and no flight plan had been filed. The personal cross-country flight originated from Brian Ranch Airport, Palmdale California, at an unknown time, and was destined for Tehachapi Municipal Airport, Tehachapi, California

The pilot stated that earlier in the day he had departed from his home airport in Corona, California as a flight of three. The airplane landed in Palmdale and then continued north to sightsee around Isabella Lake. While in cruise flight, about 7,500 ft mean sea level (msl), the engine experienced a total loss of power. The pilot attempted to restart the engine to no avail. He opted to turn to the north because the terrain was more conducive for an emergency landing. He landed in the southern portion of the Sequoia National Forest. As a result of the impact, the airplane nosed over inverted.

At the time of the engine failure, the airplane had a total of about 12.5 gallons of fuel on board. The wreckage was retained for a future examination.

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: ZEISMER
Registration: N830AZ
Model/Series: Zenith CH-750
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Amateur Built: Yes
Operator: SANDERS ANDREW
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation:
Observation Time:
Distance from Accident Site:
Temperature/Dew Point: 21°C
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: 10 knots, 180°
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility:  10 Miles
Altimeter Setting: 30.13 inches Hg
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Departure Point: PALMDALE, CA (CL13)
Destination:  TEHACHAPI, CA (TSP)

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 Minor
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 Minor
Latitude, Longitude:  35.990833, -118.497500

Pilatus PC-12/47E, N83JR: Incident occurred May 19, 2018 at Zephyrhills Municipal Airport (KZPH), Pasco County, Florida

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Tampa

Aircraft landed gear up.

Blue Sky Air Services LLC: http://registry.faa.gov/N83JR

Date: 19-MAY-18
Time: 17:10:00Z
Regis#: N83JR
Aircraft Make: PILATUS
Aircraft Model: PC 12 47E
Event Type: INCIDENT
Highest Injury: NONE
Aircraft Missing: No
Damage: UNKNOWN
Activity: PERSONAL
Flight Phase: LANDING (LDG)
Operation: 91
City: ZEPHYRHILLS
State: FLORIDA

Cessna 172P Skyhawk, N65645: Incidents occurred May 18, 2018 and April 12, 2017 -- Accidents occurred July 02, 2016 and March 08, 2015

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; South Florida

Aircraft landed in the grass east of runway.

http://registry.faa.gov/N65645

Date: 18-MAY-18
Time: 15:40:00Z
Regis#: N65645
Aircraft Make: CESSNA
Aircraft Model: 172P
Event Type: INCIDENT
Highest Injury: NONE
Aircraft Missing: No
Damage: UNKNOWN
Activity: UNKNOWN
Flight Phase: LANDING (LDG)
Operation: 91
City: MIAMI
State: FLORIDA

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Orlando, Florida 

Aircraft on landing, went off the runway.

Date: 12-APR-17
Time: 12:42:00Z
Regis#: N65645
Aircraft Make: CESSNA
Aircraft Model: C172
Event Type: INCIDENT
Highest Injury: NONE
Aircraft Missing: No
Damage: UNKNOWN
Activity: INSTRUCTION
Flight Phase: LANDING (LDG)
City: PEMBROKE PINES
State: FLORIDA

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Miami, Florida

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Docket And Docket Items - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms

Aviation Accident Data Summary - National Transportation Safety Board:   https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

NTSB Identification: GAA16CA360
14 CFR Part 91: General Aviation
Accident occurred Saturday, July 02, 2016 in Pembroke Pines, FL
Probable Cause Approval Date: 12/05/2016
Aircraft: CESSNA 172, registration: N65645
Injuries: 1 Uninjured.

NTSB investigators used data provided by various entities, including, but not limited to, the Federal Aviation Administration and/or the operator and did not travel in support of this investigation to prepare this aircraft accident report.

The student pilot reported that during the landing flare of his second solo, after the main landing gear touched down the "nose of the airplane swung" to the right. He further reported that he attempted to correct with left rudder, and that this is where "he lost control of the airplane". The airplane veered off the runway to the left, impacted an airport sign, and came to a stop at an intersecting taxi way. 

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the right wing. 

The student pilot did not report any mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident as follows:
The student pilot's failure to maintain directional control during the landing flare, which resulted in a runway excursion, and impact with a sign.



Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Docket And Docket Items - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms

Aviation Accident Data Summary - National Transportation Safety Board:   https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

NTSB Identification: ERA15CA153
14 CFR Part 91: General Aviation
Accident occurred Sunday, March 08, 2015 in Newport, RI
Probable Cause Approval Date: 08/11/2015
Aircraft: CESSNA 172P, registration: N65645
Injuries: 1 Uninjured.

NTSB investigators used data provided by various entities, including, but not limited to, the Federal Aviation Administration and/or the operator and did not travel in support of this investigation to prepare this aircraft accident report.

The student pilot was conducting a solo flight and landing on a 2,999-foot-long, 75-foot-wide, asphalt runway. During touchdown, the airplane began to bounce, and subsequently landed hard, which resulted in substantial damage to the nose landing gear and firewall. The airplane veered to the left and contacted a snowbank that extended parallel to the runway. The student pilot reported that he did not experience any preaccident malfunctions or failures that would have precluded normal operation. He further reported 43 hours of total flight experience, all in the same make model as the accident airplane, which included 7 hours logged as pilot-in-command.

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident as follows:
The student pilot's failure to maintain aircraft control during landing, and his subsequent failure to recover from a bounced landing, which resulted in a hard landing.