Friday, December 04, 2020

Abnormal Runway Contact: Piper PA-18A Super Cub, N1984A; Accident occurred December 15, 2019 at New Market Airport (8W2), Shenandoah County, Virginia









Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident.

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Washington, District of Columbia

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:


Location: New Market, Virginia 
Accident Number: ERA20LA055
Date & Time: December 15, 2019, 13:00 Local 
Registration: N1984A
Aircraft: Piper PA18 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Abnormal runway contact 
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General aviation - Positioning

Factual Information

On December 15, 2019, about 1300 eastern standard time, a Piper PA-18A, N1984A, was substantially damaged when it was involved in an accident while landing at the New Market Airport (8W2), New Market, Virginia. The pilot was not injured. The airplane was operated as Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91 positioning flight.

The pilot reported that the purpose of the flight was to deliver the airplane from its previous owner to its new owner and that he had just landed "uneventfully" and purchased fuel at 8W2. After he purchased fuel, he completed a traffic pattern at 8W2, and planned a stop-and-go landing on runway 24 before continuing to Lonesome Pine Airport (LNP), Wise, Virginia.

According to the pilot, "I rounded out over the runway numbers and touched down approximately 150 feet past the threshold. As soon as the wheels touched the ground, the airplane immediately rolled right and pitched forward." The pilot made remedial flight control and braking inputs to maintain aircraft control "with no effect." The airplane continued 100 ft past its touchdown point and came to rest facing about 200° with the tailwheel on the runway centerline. The right main landing gear leg and the right main landing gear shock/dampener fractured, and the airplane rested on the left main gear, the tailwheel, and the right wing, which was substantially damaged.

The pilot held a commercial pilot certificate with ratings for airplane single engine land, multiengine land, and instrument airplane. His most recent Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) first class medical certificate was issued December 6, 2019. The pilot reported 768 total hours of flight experience, of which 4 hours were in the accident airplane make and model.

According to FAA records, the airplane was manufactured in 1952 and was powered by a Lycoming O320-B2B 160-horsepower engine. Its most recent annual inspection was completed August 1, 2019 at 4,343.9 total aircraft hours, and the airplane had accrued 23 hours since that date.

The pilot reported that, other than the landing gear collapse, there was nothing wrong with the performance and handling of the airplane.

The right main landing gear leg and the right main landing gear shock/dampener were retained and examined by an NTSB Materials Research Engineer. The examination revealed no pre-impact anomalies with the dampener or the gear leg, and that the fracture surfaces of each displayed features consistent with overload failure.

Pilot Information

Certificate: Commercial
Age: 23,Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine land; Multi-engine land
Seat Occupied: Front
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None 
Restraint Used: 4-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane 
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 With waivers/limitations 
Last FAA Medical Exam: December 6, 2019
Occupational Pilot: Yes 
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time: 768 hours (Total, all aircraft), 4 hours (Total, this make and model), 689 hours (Pilot In
Command, all aircraft), 98 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 26 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 2 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Piper
Registration: N1984A
Model/Series: PA18 A
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1952 
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal 
Serial Number: 18-1808
Landing Gear Type: Tailwheel 
Seats: 2
Date/Type of Last Inspection: August 21, 2019
Annual Certified Max Gross Wt.: 1499 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection: Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 4343.9 Hrs as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: Installed 
Engine Model/Series: O-320-B2B
Registered Owner: 
Rated Power: 160 Horsepower
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual (VMC)
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: 8W2,903 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site:
Observation Time: 12:55 Local 
Direction from Accident Site:
Lowest Cloud Condition: Scattered / 5500 ft AGL
Visibility: 10 miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 9 knots / 16 knots 
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual:  /
Wind Direction: 260° 
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: /
Altimeter Setting: 29.97 inches Hg 
Temperature/Dew Point: 9°C / -4°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Newmarket, VA (8W2)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Newmarket, VA (8W2)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 12:56 Local
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: New Market Airport 8W2
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 963 ft msl 
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 24 
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 2920 ft / 60 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Traffic pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries:
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None 
Latitude, Longitude: 38.656112,-78.70861(est)

Propeller Blast: Cessna 172M Skyhawk, N22905; Accident occurred December 15, 2019 at Yokota Air Base (RJTY), Tokyo, Japan







Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Yokota Flight Training Center 


Location: Tokyo, Japan
Accident Number: ANC20CA014
Date & Time: December 15, 2019
Registration: N22905
Aircraft: Cessna 172 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Prop/jet/rotor blast/suction
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General aviation - Instructional

Analysis

The operator's operations chief reported that an air traffic controller instructed the flight instructor and pilot to taxi to a taxiway and that, subsequently, the airplane encountered prop wash from a larger airplane on the same taxiway, which flipped the airplane onto its right side and resulted in substantial damage to the forward wing spar. The larger airplane's pilot reported that he was conducting a highpower engine run on the same taxiway. The air traffic controller did not tell the pilots in the smaller airplane at any time while they were taxiing about the larger airplane's intentions. The pilot of the larger airplane reported that all requests for engine start, taxi, and high-power engine runs were coordinated with air traffic control (ATC). He added that they had to reposition due to a tailwind and that he had made a radio call to ATC and acknowledged that they had repositioned on the ramp to face into the wind. He added that he heard the lighter airplane receive a taxi clearance but did not hear any communications questioning the larger airplane's status or position with respect to any potential impact on aircraft taxiing behind them on the taxiway. He became aware of the lighter airplane's situation after the event when its pilot made a radio call to ground control.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The airplane's encounter with prop wash while taxiing behind a larger airplane that was conducting a high-power engine run on the same taxiway. Contributing to the accident was the air traffic controller's failure to inform the smaller airplane's pilot about the larger airplane pilot's intentions.

Findings

Aircraft Directional control - Attain/maintain not possible
Environmental issues (general) - Effect on operation
Personnel issues Lack of communication - ATC personnel

Factual Information

History of Flight

Taxi-to runway Prop/jet/rotor blast/suction (Defining event)

Taxi-to runway Roll over

Flight instructor Information

Certificate: Commercial; Flight instructor 
Age: 40,Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine land; Multi-engine land
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 4-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane 
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane single-engine 
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 With waivers/limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: July 18, 2019
Occupational Pilot: UNK
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time: (Estimated) 697 hours (Total, all aircraft), 227 hours (Total, this make and model)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Commercial; Military
Age: 29,Male
Airplane Rating(s): None
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): Helicopter
Restraint Used: 4-point
Instrument Rating(s): Helicopter 
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 Without waivers/limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: March 12, 2018
Occupational Pilot: Yes 
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time: (Estimated) 671 hours (Total, all aircraft), 51 hours (Total, this make and model)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna 
Registration: N22905
Model/Series: 172 M 
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1974
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 17264078
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: December 12, 2019 Annual 
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2550 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection: 
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 9142.7 Hrs at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: C126 installed, not activated 
Engine Model/Series: O-360-A4M
Registered Owner: 
Rated Power: 180 Horsepower
Operator:
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual (VMC)
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: RJTY,456 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 1 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 06:56 Local
Direction from Accident Site: 17°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear 
Visibility 10 miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 8 knots / 
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 50° 
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.32 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 10°C / -4°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point:
Type of Flight Plan Filed: Company VFR
Destination: 
Type of Clearance: Unknown
Departure Time:
Type of Airspace: Unknown

Airport Information

Airport: Yokota Air Base RJTY
Runway Surface Type: Concrete
Airport Elevation: 463 ft msl 
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width:
VFR Approach/Landing: None

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 2 None 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries:
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A 
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude: 35.741111,139.346664(est)

Loss of Control in Flight: Rotary RAF 2000, N47EB; Accident occurred December 07, 2019 at Millard Airport (KMLE), Omaha, Douglas County, Nebraska



Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident.

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Lincoln, Nebraska
 
Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:


Location: Omaha, Nebraska 
Accident Number: CEN20TA030
Date & Time: December 7, 2019, 13:55 Local
Registration: N47EB
Aircraft: Rotary RAF 2000 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control in flight 
Injuries: 1 Serious
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General aviation - Personal

Factual Information

On December 7, 2019, about 1355 central daylight time, a Rotary RAF 2000 rotorcraft-gyrocopter, N47EB, impacted terrain at the Millard Airport, Omaha, Nebraska. The pilot, sole occupant, received serious injuries, and the gyrocopter sustained substantial damage. The gyrocopter was operated by and registered to a private individual under the provisions of Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91 as a personal flight. Day visual meteorological conditions prevailed for the flight.

The responding Federal Aviation Administration inspector reported that the gyrocopter had impacted terrain near the parallel taxiway and came to rest on its side. A review of security camera video revealed the gyrocopter approached runway 12, then veered right towards the taxiway and a building, before gaining altitude. The gyrocopter then descended before making several oscillations in altitude above the taxiway. The gyrocopter impacted terrain next to the taxiway and rolled over several times before coming to a stop.

In an interview with the FAA inspector, the pilot reported that he hadn't flown the gyrocopter in a while and planned on practicing takeoff and landings. The pilot stated he felt a "windshear" just above the runway, the aircraft then veered to the right, past the runway threshold. He was unable to regain directional control and the aircraft headed toward the taxiway, touched down in the grass median, then became airborne before crossing the taxiway. He added the aircraft then climbed toward the T-hangar area before he was able to regain directional control. He stated that he attempted to touch down again along the taxiway but was unsuccessful, and the aircraft became briefly airborne. He reported that he directed the aircraft toward the ground and caused the aircraft to roll right. The pilot stated that he thought the gusty wind conditions were the primary factor causing him to lose directional control, and there were no pre-impact mechanical problems with the aircraft.

Several witnesses saw the accident. One witness, a flight instructor reported that he also experienced "windshear," while on approach to the runway. The instructor also stated that the rotorcraft pilot "appeared to be struggling to maintain control".

A review of the wind conditions about the time of the accident revealed that the automated weather station recorded; wind from 190° at 13 knots gusting to 17 knots.

A review of FAA records noted the accident pilot held a private certificate with rating for airplane, single-engine land. There was no record of him holding a rotorcraft-gyroplane rating. The pilot reported that he had about 231 hours of rotorcraft flight time.

The accident aircraft was a Rotary RAF 2000 gyroplane, built from a kit, and was certified in the Experimental – Amateur Built category. The aircraft's operating limitations were dated December 15, 1997. The pilot reported that the annual inspection had been completed Thanksgiving week, but not logged. The gyrocopter was not equipped with a horizontal stabilizer, and a review of the maintenance records for the gyrocopter revealed the aircraft had accumulated a total of 232.1 hours.

The United Kingdom's Civil Aircraft Authority conducted a test on the RAF 2000 gyrocopter and identified a potential issue when operating in turbulent or gusty wind conditions and issued MPD (Mandatory Permit Directive) 2003-001, with subsequent superseding MPD's.

Pilot Information 

Certificate: Private 
Age: 87
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine land
Seat Occupied:
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None 
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): None 
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None 
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Unknown Unknown 
Last FAA Medical Exam: May 1, 2006
Occupational Pilot: No 
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time:

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Rotary
Registration: N47EB
Model/Series: RAF 2000 GTX
Aircraft Category: Gyroplane
Year of Manufacture: 1997 
Amateur Built: Yes
Airworthiness Certificate: Experimental (Special)
Serial Number: H2-95-6-156
Landing Gear Type: Tailwheel
Seats: 2
Date/Type of Last Inspection: Unknown
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 1540 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time:
Engine Manufacturer: Subaru
ELT: 
Engine Model/Series: EJ-22
Registered Owner: 
Rated Power:
Operator: On file 
Operating Certificate(s) Held:None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual (VMC)
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KMLE 
Distance from Accident Site:
Observation Time: 19:55 Local
Direction from Accident Site:
Lowest Cloud Condition: 
Visibility: 10 miles
Lowest Ceiling:
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 13 knots / 17 knots 
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: /
Wind Direction: 190° 
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: /
Altimeter Setting: 30.04 inches Hg 
Temperature/Dew Point: 11°C / -1°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Omaha, NE (MLE)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Omaha, NE (MLE)
Type of Clearance: VFR
Departure Time:
Type of Airspace: Class D

Airport Information

Airport: Millard Airport MLE 
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 1050 ft msl
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 12
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 3801 ft / 75 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Traffic pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 Serious 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries:
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A 
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 Serious
Latitude, Longitude: 41.194721,-96.112503

de Havilland Dash 8-300, C-GNON: Incident occurred December 09, 2019 in Keene, Cheshire County, New Hampshire

This is preliminary information, subject to change, and may contain errors. Any errors in this report will be corrected when the final report has been completed.

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this incident.

Additional Participating Entities: 
Transportation Safety Board of Canada; Gatineau, Quebec, Canada
De Havilland Aircraft of Canada Limited; Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Jazz Aviation LP; Enfield, Nova Scotia, Canada
Air Line Pilots Association, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
PPG Aerospace; Huntsville, Alabama

Location: Keene, NH 
Incident Number: ENG20IA006
Date & Time: December 9, 2019, 14:50 Local 
Registration: C-GNON
Aircraft: De Havilland DHC8
Injuries: 18 None
Flight Conducted Under:

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: De Havilland 
Registration: C-GNON
Model/Series: DHC8 301
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Amateur Built: No
Operator: 
Operating Certificate(s) Held: Foreign air carrier (129)
Operator Designator Code:

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: IMC
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KBDL,175 ft msl 
Observation Time: 15:00 Local
Distance from Accident Site: 100 Nautical Miles 
Temperature/Dew Point: 4°C /3°C
Lowest Cloud Condition: 
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: 3 knots / , 330°
Lowest Ceiling: Overcast / 400 ft AGL
Visibility: 0.5 miles
Altimeter Setting: 30 inches Hg
Type of Flight Plan Filed: IFR
Departure Point: Montreal (CYUL) 
Destination: Windsor Locks, CT (BDL)

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 3 None 
Aircraft Damage: Minor
Passenger Injuries: 15 None
Aircraft Fire: In-flight
Ground Injuries: N/A 
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 18 None 
Latitude, Longitude: 42.930831,-72.277496 

Loss of Control on Ground: Cessna 207A, N9728M; Accident occurred December 09, 2019 at Kwigillingok Airport (PAGG), Alaska



Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Grant Aviation Inc


Location: Kwigillingok, Alaska 
Accident Number: ANC20CA037
Date & Time: December 9, 2019
Registration: N9728M
Aircraft: Cessna 207
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 135: Air taxi & commuter - Scheduled

Analysis

The pilot reported that he was departing from an ice-covered runway with a strong crosswind. After lining up on the runway, he added power and felt the airplane slide right. To correct, he applied left rudder and left brake to no avail. He reduced the engine power to idle and again applied left rudder and left brake, but the airplane continued to slide. He subsequently pulled the mixture to idle cutoff. The airplane slid off the runway and impacted a ditch, which resulted in substantial damage to the right wing. The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's improper decision to depart from an ice-covered runway with a strong crosswind, which resulted in a loss of directional control, runway excursion, and impact with a ditch.

Findings

Personnel issues
Decision making/judgment - Pilot

Personnel issues 
Aircraft control - Pilot

Aircraft 
Directional control - Not attained/maintained

Environmental issues 
Snow/slush/ice covered surface - Effect on operation

Environmental issues 
Snow/slush/ice covered surface - Decision related to condition

Environmental issues
Crosswind - Effect on operation

Factual Information

History of Flight

Takeoff 
Miscellaneous/other

Takeoff
Loss of control on ground (Defining event)

Takeoff 
Attempted remediation/recovery

Takeoff
Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Commercial
Age: 39,Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine land; Multi-engine land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None 
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane 
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 Without waivers/limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: November 26, 2019
Occupational Pilot: Yes 
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: May 14, 2019
Flight Time: 1491.8 hours (Total, all aircraft), 516.7 hours (Total, this make and model), 121.6 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 22 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 2.7 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna 
Registration: N9728M
Model/Series: 207 A 
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1981
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 20700721
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats:
Date/Type of Last Inspection: November 4, 2019 AAIP
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 3803 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 29228.2 Hrs as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
ELT: C126 installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: IO-520-F
Registered Owner:
Rated Power: 285 Horsepower
Operator:
Operating Certificate(s) Held: Commuter air carrier (135)

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual (VMC)
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation:
Distance from Accident Site:
Observation Time: 00:56 Local 
Direction from Accident Site:
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility 10 miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 32 knots / 37 knots
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: /
Wind Direction: 110° Turbulence Severity
Forecast/Actual: /
Altimeter Setting: 28.42 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 2°C / 0°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Kwigillingok, AK (GGV) 
Type of Flight Plan Filed: Company VFR
Destination: Bethel, AK (BET)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: Kwigillingok GGV
Runway Surface Type: Dirt
Airport Elevation: 21 ft msl
Runway Surface Condition: Ice
Runway Used: 15
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 1835 ft / 40 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: None

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries:
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None 
Latitude, Longitude: 59.881668,-163.168884(est)

Collision During Landing: Cessna 182P Skylane, N52458; Accident occurred December 05, 2019 at Grove Field (1W1), Camas, Clark County, Washington



Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board

Additional Participating Entity: 
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Hillsboro, Oregon 

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:


Location: Camas, Washington 
Accident Number: WPR20CA041
Date & Time: December 5, 2019, 13:04 Local 
Registration: N52458
Aircraft: Cessna 182 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Collision during takeoff/land
Injuries: 4 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General aviation - Instructional

Analysis

The flight instructor reported that, with the student pilot on the controls for the landing, the airplane floated and eventually touched down about "the first third of the runway." The airplane bounced, and the instructor announced that he was assuming control of the airplane. The instructor simultaneously attempted to apply full throttle by pushing the student's hand, which was still on the throttle and prevented him from achieving full power as he attempted to gain altitude without stalling the airplane. The airplane subsequently struck a fence near the departure end of the runway, so the instructor reduced power and executed a forced landing to an open field. The airplane sustained substantial damage to the left horizontal stabilizer. The instructor reported that there were no preaccident mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation and that he should have assumed control of the airplane sooner.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The student pilot's improper landing flare, which resulted in a bounced landing, and the flight instructor's delayed remedial action and the student's failure to relinquish control, which resulted in a runway overrun and impact with a fence. 

Findings

Aircraft Landing flare 
Not attained/maintained

Personnel issues Aircraft control
Student/instructed pilot

Personnel issues Delayed action 
Instructor/check pilot

Environmental issues Fence/fence post
Effect on operation

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing-flare/touchdown 
Abnormal runway contact

Landing-flare/touchdown 
Attempted remediation/recovery

Landing-aborted after touchdown
Runway excursion 

Landing-aborted after touchdown 
Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)

Landing-aborted after touchdown
Collision during takeoff/land (Defining event)

Landing
Off-field or emergency landing

Pilot Information

Certificate: Commercial; Flight instructor
Age: 29,Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine land 
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s): Helicopter 
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane; Helicopter
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane single-engine; Helicopter; Instrument helicopter
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 Without waivers/limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: February 4, 2019
Occupational Pilot: Yes 
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time: 1020 hours (Total, all aircraft), 4 hours (Total, this make and model)

Student pilot Information

Certificate: Student Age: 22, Male
Airplane Rating(s): None 
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): None 
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 Without waivers/limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: July 15, 2015
Occupational Pilot: UNK
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time: 49 hours (Total, all aircraft), 2 hours (Total, this make and model)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna 
Registration: N52458
Model/Series: 182 P
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1973 
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal 
Serial Number: 18262623
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats:
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2348 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
ELT: 
Engine Model/Series: O-470 SERIES
Registered Owner: 
Rated Power:
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual (VMC)
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: 
Distance from Accident Site:
Observation Time: 
Direction from Accident Site:
Lowest Cloud Condition:
Visibility: 
Lowest Ceiling:
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: / Turbulence Type
Forecast/Actual: /
Wind Direction: 
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual:  /
Altimeter Setting: 
Temperature/Dew Point:
Precipitation and Obscuration:
Departure Point: Vancouver, WA (VUO)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Camas, WA (1W1) 
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 12:45 Local 
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: Grove Field 1W1
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 429 ft msl 
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 25 
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 2710 ft / 40 ft 
VFR Approach/Landing: Traffic pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 2 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 2 None 
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 4 None 
Latitude, Longitude: 45.628334,-122.39833(est)
 







Mooney M20F, N3205F: Accident occurred December 01, 2020 in El Monte, Los Angeles County, California

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Los Angeles, California

Aircraft struck birds while on night sight seeing tour. 

Aero Performance Specialties LLC


Date: 01-DEC-20
Time: 03:30:00Z
Regis#: N3205F
Aircraft Make: MOONEY
Aircraft Model: 20F
Event Type: ACCIDENT
Highest Injury: NONE
Aircraft Missing: No
Damage: SUBSTANTIAL
Activity: PERSONAL
Flight Phase: MANEUVERING (MNV)
Operation: 91
City: EL MONTE
State: CALIFORNIA

Cessna 172M Skyhawk, N250RA: Incidents occurred May 05, 2021 and December 03, 2020

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Houston, Texas 

May 05, 2021: Aircraft taxiing and struck a taxiway light at RWJ Airpark (54T), Baytown, Texas.


Date: 05-MAY-21
Time: 18:50:00Z
Regis#: N250RA
Aircraft Make: CESSNA
Aircraft Model: 172
Event Type: INCIDENT
Highest Injury: NONE
Aircraft Missing: No
Damage: UNKNOWN
Activity: PERSONAL
Flight Phase: TAXI (TXI)
Operation: 91
City: BAYTOWN
State: TEXAS

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Houston, Texas

December 03, 2020: Aircraft engine caught on fire upon start up at Sugar Land Regional Airport (KSGR), Houston, Texas.


Date: 03-DEC-20
Time: 14:05:00Z
Regis#: N250RA
Aircraft Make: CESSNA
Aircraft Model: 172
Event Type: INCIDENT
Highest Injury: NONE
Aircraft Missing: No
Damage: MINOR
Activity: PERSONAL
Flight Phase: STANDING (STD)
Operation: 91
City: HOUSTON
State: TEXAS

Embraer E175LR, N258NN: Incident occurred December 03, 2020 at Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport (KDFW), Texas

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; North Texas

Belt loader was inadvertently wedged underneath forward right side of aircraft causing damage.

American Airlines Inc

Operating as Envoy Air 3517


Date: 03-DEC-20
Time: 22:45:00Z
Regis#: N258NN
Aircraft Make: EMBRAER
Aircraft Model: ERJ 170
Event Type: INCIDENT
Highest Injury: NONE
Aircraft Missing: No
Damage: UNKNOWN
Activity: COMMERCIAL
Flight Phase: STANDING (STD)
Operation: 121
Aircraft Operator: ENVOY
Flight Number: ENY 3517
City: DALLAS-FORT WORTH
State: TEXAS

Piper PA-28-140, N8056N: Accident occurred November 29, 2020 and Incident occurred April 21, 2018

This is preliminary information, subject to change, and may contain errors. Any errors in this report will be corrected when the final report has been completed.

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident.

Additional Participating Entity: 
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Harrisburg, Pennsylvania
 
Pleasant Valley Aviation Inc


Location: Bellefonte, PA
Accident Number: ERA21LA061
Date & Time: November 29, 2020, Local
Registration: N8056N
Aircraft: Piper PA28 
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General aviation - Personal

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Piper 
Registration: N8056N
Model/Series: PA28 140
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Amateur Built: No
Operator:
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None
Operator Designator Code:

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: 
Condition of Light:
Observation Facility, Elevation: 
Observation Time:
Distance from Accident Site:
Temperature/Dew Point:
Lowest Cloud Condition: 
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: / ,
Lowest Ceiling:
Visibility:
Altimeter Setting: 
Type of Flight Plan Filed:
Departure Point:
Destination:

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A 
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 40.8855,-77.816222 (est)

April 21, 2018:  Aircraft landed in a field.

Date: 21-APR-18
Time: 19:15:00Z
Regis#: N8056N
Aircraft Make: PIPER
Aircraft Model: PA 28 140
Event Type: INCIDENT
Highest Injury: UNKNOWN
Aircraft Missing: No
Damage: UNKNOWN
Activity: UNKNOWN
Flight Phase: LANDING (LDG)
Operation: 91
City: BELLEFONTE
State: PENNSYLVANIA