Wednesday, April 4, 2018

Piper PA-28R-200 Arrow II, N5381F: Accident occurred November 16, 2017 at Orlando Melbourne International Airport (KMLB), Brevard County, Florida

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Orlando, Florida

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board:

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

National Transportation Safety Board = Aviation Accident Factual Report 

Location: Melbourne, FL
Accident Number: GAA18CA053
Date & Time: 11/16/2017, 1510 EST
Registration: N5381F
Aircraft: PIPER PA 28R
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under:  Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

According to the pilot, during an approach in the rain, there were wind gusts and he retracted the flaps to zero. He noted that, "I decided to land a little faster than the preferred 75-80 mph."

The pilot reported that the airplane, "did not settle into a normal rollout." He recalled that a few seconds into the landing roll, the airplane veered to the left and exited the left side of the runway. The airplane continued across the safety area and collided with a drainage culvert.

Photographs provided by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), Aviation Safety Inspector assigned to the accident, revealed three parallel rubber skid markings that began about1,500ft from the approach end of runway 9R. The markings began in the center of the runway and exhibited a sharp left turn that continued along a path through the safety area and stopped at the drainage culvert.

The pilot reported that the left main landing gear assembly and tire failed during the landing roll.

However, an examination of the landing gear assembly, and the wheel and tire, by the FAA Maintenance Inspector, identified that there were no anomalies or failures prior to the runway excursion.

The METAR at the accident airport reported that about the time of the accident, the rain was light, and the wind was from 010° at 12kts.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the engine mounts.

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 63, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Front
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 12/08/2016
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 08/06/2017
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 551 hours (Total, all aircraft), 436 hours (Total, this make and model), 18 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 13 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 7 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: PIPER
Registration: N5381F
Model/Series: PA 28R 200
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1976
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 28R-7635462
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 11/02/2016, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 1960 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time:  3981 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: LYCOMING
ELT:  C126 installed, activated, aided in locating accident
Engine Model/Series: IO-360
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 180 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KMLB, 27 ft msl
Observation Time: 1953 UTC
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Direction from Accident Site: 148°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Few / 2100 ft agl
Temperature/Dew Point: 21°C / 17°C
Lowest Ceiling: Overcast / 3900 ft agl
Visibility:  4 Miles
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: 12 knots, 10°
Visibility (RVR):
Altimeter Setting: 29.99 inches Hg
Visibility (RVV):
Precipitation and Obscuration: Light - Rain
Departure Point: FLAGLER BEACH, FL (KFIN)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Melbourne, FL (MLB)
Type of Clearance: VFR
Departure Time: 1400 EDT
Type of Airspace: Class D 

Airport Information

Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 33 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Wet
Runway Used: 09R
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 10181 ft / 150 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Precautionary Landing 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude:  28.102778, -80.645278 (est)

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