Wednesday, April 4, 2018

Piper PA-28R-200 Arrow II, N5381F: Accident occurred November 16, 2017 at Orlando Melbourne International Airport (KMLB), Brevard County, Florida

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Orlando, Florida

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf


Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms 


http://registry.faa.gov/N5381F

Analysis 

According to the pilot, during an approach in the rain, there were wind gusts, and he retracted the flaps to zero. He noted that, "I decided to land a little faster than the preferred 75-80 mph."

The pilot reported that the airplane "did not settle into a normal rollout." He recalled that a few seconds into the landing roll, the airplane veered to the left and exited the left side of the runway. The airplane continued across the safety area and collided with a drainage culvert.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the engine mounts.

Photographs provided by the Federal Aviation Administration aviation safety inspector showed three parallel rubber skid markings that began about 1,500 ft from the approach end of the runway. The markings began in the center of the runway and exhibited a sharp left turn that continued along a path through the safety area and stopped at the drainage culvert.

The pilot reported that the left main landing gear assembly and tire failed during the landing roll. However, an examination of the landing gear assembly, wheel, and tire revealed that there were no mechanical anomalies or failures before the runway excursion.

The METAR at the accident airport reported that, about the time of the accident, the rain was light, and the wind was from 010° at 12 knots.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's loss of directional control during the landing roll on the wet runway. 

Findings

Aircraft
Directional control - Attain/maintain not possible (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Pilot (Cause)

Environmental issues
Wet surface - Effect on operation

Factual Information

History of Flight

Approach-VFR pattern final
Other weather encounter

Landing
Loss of control on ground (Defining event)

Runway excursion
Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)


Location: Melbourne, FL
Accident Number: GAA18CA053
Date & Time: 11/16/2017, 1510 EST
Registration: N5381F
Aircraft: PIPER PA 28R
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under:  Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

According to the pilot, during an approach in the rain, there were wind gusts and he retracted the flaps to zero. He noted that, "I decided to land a little faster than the preferred 75-80 mph."

The pilot reported that the airplane, "did not settle into a normal rollout." He recalled that a few seconds into the landing roll, the airplane veered to the left and exited the left side of the runway. The airplane continued across the safety area and collided with a drainage culvert.

Photographs provided by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), Aviation Safety Inspector assigned to the accident, revealed three parallel rubber skid markings that began about1,500ft from the approach end of runway 9R. The markings began in the center of the runway and exhibited a sharp left turn that continued along a path through the safety area and stopped at the drainage culvert.

The pilot reported that the left main landing gear assembly and tire failed during the landing roll.

However, an examination of the landing gear assembly, and the wheel and tire, by the FAA Maintenance Inspector, identified that there were no anomalies or failures prior to the runway excursion.

The METAR at the accident airport reported that about the time of the accident, the rain was light, and the wind was from 010° at 12kts.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the engine mounts.

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 63, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Front
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 12/08/2016
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 08/06/2017
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 551 hours (Total, all aircraft), 436 hours (Total, this make and model), 18 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 13 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 7 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: PIPER
Registration: N5381F
Model/Series: PA 28R 200
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1976
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 28R-7635462
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 11/02/2016, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 1960 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time:  3981 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: LYCOMING
ELT:  C126 installed, activated, aided in locating accident
Engine Model/Series: IO-360
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 180 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KMLB, 27 ft msl
Observation Time: 1953 UTC
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Direction from Accident Site: 148°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Few / 2100 ft agl
Temperature/Dew Point: 21°C / 17°C
Lowest Ceiling: Overcast / 3900 ft agl
Visibility:  4 Miles
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: 12 knots, 10°
Visibility (RVR):
Altimeter Setting: 29.99 inches Hg
Visibility (RVV):
Precipitation and Obscuration: Light - Rain
Departure Point: FLAGLER BEACH, FL (KFIN)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Melbourne, FL (MLB)
Type of Clearance: VFR
Departure Time: 1400 EDT
Type of Airspace: Class D 

Airport Information

Airport: MELBOURNE INTL (MLB)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 33 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Wet
Runway Used: 09R
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 10181 ft / 150 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Precautionary Landing 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude:  28.102778, -80.645278 (est)

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Orlando, Florida

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf


Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms 


http://registry.faa.gov/N5381F

National Transportation Safety Board = Aviation Accident Factual Report 

Location: Melbourne, FL
Accident Number: GAA18CA053
Date & Time: 11/16/2017, 1510 EST
Registration: N5381F
Aircraft: PIPER PA 28R
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under:  Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

According to the pilot, during an approach in the rain, there were wind gusts and he retracted the flaps to zero. He noted that, "I decided to land a little faster than the preferred 75-80 mph."

The pilot reported that the airplane, "did not settle into a normal rollout." He recalled that a few seconds into the landing roll, the airplane veered to the left and exited the left side of the runway. The airplane continued across the safety area and collided with a drainage culvert.

Photographs provided by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), Aviation Safety Inspector assigned to the accident, revealed three parallel rubber skid markings that began about1,500ft from the approach end of runway 9R. The markings began in the center of the runway and exhibited a sharp left turn that continued along a path through the safety area and stopped at the drainage culvert.

The pilot reported that the left main landing gear assembly and tire failed during the landing roll.

However, an examination of the landing gear assembly, and the wheel and tire, by the FAA Maintenance Inspector, identified that there were no anomalies or failures prior to the runway excursion.

The METAR at the accident airport reported that about the time of the accident, the rain was light, and the wind was from 010° at 12kts.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the engine mounts.

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 63, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Front
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 12/08/2016
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 08/06/2017
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 551 hours (Total, all aircraft), 436 hours (Total, this make and model), 18 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 13 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 7 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: PIPER
Registration: N5381F
Model/Series: PA 28R 200
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1976
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 28R-7635462
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 11/02/2016, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 1960 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time:  3981 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: LYCOMING
ELT:  C126 installed, activated, aided in locating accident
Engine Model/Series: IO-360
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 180 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KMLB, 27 ft msl
Observation Time: 1953 UTC
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Direction from Accident Site: 148°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Few / 2100 ft agl
Temperature/Dew Point: 21°C / 17°C
Lowest Ceiling: Overcast / 3900 ft agl
Visibility:  4 Miles
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: 12 knots, 10°
Visibility (RVR):
Altimeter Setting: 29.99 inches Hg
Visibility (RVV):
Precipitation and Obscuration: Light - Rain
Departure Point: FLAGLER BEACH, FL (KFIN)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Melbourne, FL (MLB)
Type of Clearance: VFR
Departure Time: 1400 EDT
Type of Airspace: Class D 

Airport Information

Airport: MELBOURNE INTL (MLB)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 33 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Wet
Runway Used: 09R
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 10181 ft / 150 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Precautionary Landing 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude:  28.102778, -80.645278 (est)






A plane that landed safely at Orlando-Melbourne International Airport went off the runway Thursday afternoon, an airport spokeswoman said. 


The pilot of the Piper PA-28R-200 Arrow II was hospitalized as a precaution, airport spokeswoman Lori Booker said. 


The Federal Aviation Administration will investigate how the mishap happened. 


The plane landed about 3 p.m. 


The plane is owned by Stephen J. Winter of Mansfield, Massachusetts, according to the  Federal Aviation Administration.


The pilot's name was not released Thursday. 


The runway was briefly closed as airport officials inspected it for damages. 


Original article can be found here ➤ http://www.floridatoday.com


MELBOURNE --  A small plane made a hard landing at the Orlando-Melbourne International Airport on Thursday afternoon.

Airport officials said the Piper PA-28R-200 Arrow II was badly damaged after the hard landing, skidding off the runway just after 3 p.m.

It's unclear what caused it to go down. 

The pilot was the only person aboard and was OK. He was taken to a hospital for treatment.

The plane remained on the side of the runway a couple of hours later, moved so airport operations could resume. 

Airport officials said the decision was made to leave the plane where it is until the Federal Aviation Administration could get there in the morning to investigate. 






























AIRCRAFT:    1976 Piper PA-28R-200 N5381F, s/n: 28R-7635462

Last Annual Inspection on 11/02/2016 at Tach/TTAF 3,967.78

The current tach time is 4012.50.

ENGINE: Lycoming IO-360-CIC, s/n: L-16148-51A

Last Annual Inspection on 11/02/2016 at Tach 3,967.78, TSMOH 263.49

Engine overhaul on 03/23/09 by Mattituck

PROP: Hartzell HC-C2YR-1BFP/F7497, s/n: CH43695B

Last Annual Inspection on 11/02/2016 at Tach 3,967.78

Factory new prop reset 07/28/2010.  PTSN approximately 200

EQUIPMENT:  
King Audio Panel KMA20-TSO
Narco DME 890
Garmin SL30 Nav/Comm
TKM 170-C Nav/Comm
BFG Storm Scope (unknown model)

DESCRIPTION OF ACCIDENT:  Aircraft departed the runway during landing and came to rest in a ditch.

DESCRIPTION OF DAMAGES:  Damage includes but may not be limited to the following:    

Left wing bent in half
Left landing gear torn sideways
Right wing significantly wrinkled
Fuselage buckled above leading edge of the right wing
Firewall forward is twisted and badly damaged, including the nose landing gear, bent engine mount, crushed air induction tube and buckled firewall.
Prop damaged and spinner bent downward
Engine experienced a prop strike

LOCATION OF AIRCRAFT:  Melbourne FL, (KMLB)

Read more here:  http://www.avclaims.com/N5381F

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