Tuesday, July 23, 2019

Cessna 172S Skyhawk SP, N434ER: Incident occurred July 20, 2019 at Daytona Beach International Airport (KDAB), Volusia County, Florida

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Orlando, Florida

Aircraft on departure had a tail strike.

Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University Inc

https://registry.faa.gov/N434ER

Date: 20-JUL-19
Time: 10:35:00Z
Regis#: RDDL434
Aircraft Make: CESSNA
Aircraft Model: 172
Event Type: INCIDENT
Highest Injury: UNKNOWN
Aircraft Missing: No
Damage: UNKNOWN
Activity: INSTRUCTION
Flight Phase: TAKEOFF (TOF)
Operation: 91
City: DAYTONA BEACH
State: FLORIDA

Beech 95-B55, N386Q: Accident occurred July 19, 2019 at Orlando Sanford International Airport (KSFB), Orange County, Florida

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident.

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Orlando, Florida

Aviation Accident Preliminary Report - National Transportation Safety Board:https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

https://registry.faa.gov/N386Q

Location: Sanford, FL
Accident Number: ERA19TA233
Date & Time: 07/19/2019, 1215 EDT
Registration: N386Q
Aircraft: Beech 95B55
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

On July 19, 2019, about 1215 eastern daylight time, a Beechcraft 95-B55, N386Q, was substantially damaged during a gear-up landing at the Orlando Sanford International Airport (SFB), Sanford, Florida. The private pilot was not injured. The airplane was owned and operated by My Air Club LLC., as a personal flight conducted under the provisions of Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91. The flight departed from SFB about 1200.

According to the pilot, after being released for departure he started the takeoff roll, rotated and climbed to the traffic pattern altitude. He retracted the landing gear and started a turn to the downwind leg of the traffic pattern. While on the downwind leg of the traffic pattern the pilot extended the landing gear and deployed the flaps. He said that it was hard to see if the landing gear indicator light was illuminated, but he did confirm that he observed "one green." He said that the subsequent landing was "very smooth" until he heard the noise of the propellers striking the ground. He noticed that the left propeller was curled and pulled back on the yoke to allow the airplane to slide to a stop. Once the airplane came to a stop the pilot noticed flames coming from the underside of the airplane. The pilot exited the airplane and the airport fire department responded and extinguished the fire.

Examination of the airplane by a Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) inspector revealed that the inboard right and left wing was substantially fire damaged. The airplane was raised from the runway and the landing gear was manually extended from the up and locked position. After the main landing gear was down and locked the airplane was towed to the ramp area. The main landing gear doors and the underside of the airplane were heavily scraped. A review of airport surveillance video showed the airplane on short final with the landing gear in the up and locked position. Surveillance video also showed the airplane during the landing flare with the landing gear stowed prior to touch down.

During further examination of the airplane, a gear retraction and extension test was performed. Power was supplied to the airplane, and the landing gear operated normally when lowered and raised. No landing gear anomalies were noted with the landing gear assembly during the gear extension and retraction test.

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Beech
Registration: N386Q
Model/Series: 95B55 UNDESIGNATED
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Amateur Built: No
Operator: My Air Club Llc
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: SFB, 54 ft msl
Observation Time: 1200 EDT
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Temperature/Dew Point: 31°C / 23°C
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: Calm / ,
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility:  10 Miles
Altimeter Setting: 30.13 inches Hg
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Departure Point: Sanford, FL (SFB)
Destination: Sanford, FL (SFB)

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: On-Ground
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion:None 
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 28.777222, -81.235000 (est)

Loss of Control on Ground: Cessna 172R Skyhawk, N403FR; accident occurred July 19, 2019 at Centennial Airport (KAPA), Denver, Colorado

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Denver, Colorado

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf


Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms


https://registry.faa.gov/N403FR

Location: Denver, CO
Accident Number: GAA19CA440
Date & Time: 07/19/2019, 1000 MDT
Registration: N403FR
Aircraft: Cessna 172
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional

Analysis 

During a private pilot checkride, the student pilot was asked to perform a soft-field takeoff. The student reported that, during the takeoff, he applied back pressure and anticipated that the airplane would become airborne. He added that he never felt the airplane "come up," so he applied more back pressure. He reported that the airplane then "popped up," banked left, and struck the runway. The airplane exited the runway to the left into grass, and the nose and right landing gear collapsed.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the engine mount.

The student reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation. 

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The student pilot's failure to maintain lateral control during a soft-field takeoff, which resulted in the left wing striking the runway and a runway excursion.

Findings

Aircraft
Lateral/bank control - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Student pilot (Cause)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Takeoff
Loss of control on ground (Defining event)
Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)

Student Pilot Information

Certificate: Student
Age: 32, Male
Airplane Rating(s): None
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 09/11/2018
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 68 hours (Total, all aircraft), 68 hours (Total, this make and model), 10 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 19 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 7 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 2 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft) 

Check Pilot Information

Certificate: Flight Instructor; Commercial
Age: 65, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land; Single-engine Sea
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane Multi-engine; Airplane Single-engine; Instrument Airplane
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 05/08/2019
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time:

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N403FR
Model/Series: 172 R
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1997
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 17280245
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 05/03/2019, 100 Hour
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2550 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 10702 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: C91A installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: IO-360-L2A
Registered Owner: Edb Air Inc
Rated Power: 180 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None
Operator Does Business As: Flights - Inc
Operator Designator Code: 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KAPA, 5883 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 1 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1553 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 169°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Scattered / 22000 ft agl
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling:
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 4 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 210°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.03 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 31°C / -2°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Denver, CO (APA)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Hays, KS (HYS)
Type of Clearance: VFR
Departure Time: 1000 MDT
Type of Airspace: Class D

Airport Information

Airport: CENTENNIAL (APA)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 5885 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 17L
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 10000 ft / 100 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: None

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 2 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude: 39.578611, -104.851111 (est)

Mooney M20E, N9253V: Incident occurred July 21, 2019 at Oxnard Airport (KOXR), Ventura County, California

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Van Nuys, California

Upon landing right main gear collapsed.

https://registry.faa.gov/N9253V

Date: 21-JUL-19
Time: 20:38:00Z
Regis#: N9253V
Aircraft Make: MOONEY
Aircraft Model: M20P
Event Type: INCIDENT
Highest Injury: NONE
Aircraft Missing: No
Damage: MINOR
Activity: PERSONAL
Flight Phase: LANDING (LDG)
Operation: 91
City: OXNARD
State: CALIFORNIA

Cessna 172S Skyhawk SP, N21019: Incident occurred July 20, 2019 near San Bernardino International Airport (KSBD), California

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Riverside, California

Aircraft in the pattern when engine quit. Landed in a field south of runway.

Anglo-American Aviation Inc

https://registry.faa.gov/N21019

Date: 20-JUL-19
Time: 23:27:00Z
Regis#: N21019
Aircraft Make: CESSNA
Aircraft Model: 172S
Event Type: INCIDENT
Highest Injury: NONE
Aircraft Missing: No
Damage: UNKNOWN
Activity: PERSONAL
Flight Phase: INITIAL CLIMB (ICL)
Operation: 91
City: SAN BERNARDINO
State: CALIFORNIA

Beech A36TC, N1824N: Incident occurred July 21, 2019 at Reid-Hillview Airport (KRHV), Santa Clara County, California

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; San Jose, California

Aircraft porpoised on landing and skidded on nose gear causing a prop strike.

https://registry.faa.gov/N1824N

Date: 21-JUL-19
Time: 21:10:00Z
Regis#: N1824N
Aircraft Make: BEECH
Aircraft Model: 36
Event Type: INCIDENT
Highest Injury: NONE
Aircraft Missing: No
Damage: MINOR
Activity: PERSONAL
Flight Phase: LANDING (LDG)
Operation: 91
City: SAN JOSE
State: CALIFORNIA

Cessna 170B, N432W: Accident occurred July 19, 2018 at Black Hills Airport-Clyde Ice Field (KSPF), Spearfish, Lawrence County, South Dakota

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Rapid City, South Dakota

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms

Aviation Accident Data Summary - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

http://registry.faa.gov/N432W

Location: Spearfish, SD
Accident Number: GAA18CA429
Date & Time: 07/19/2018, 0830 MDT
Registration: N432W
Aircraft: Cessna 170
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event:
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal

Analysis 

The pilot reported that, during takeoff on a grass runway, after liftoff, he noticed the airplane was not able to climb at a normal rate. He lowered the airplane's nose, but the airspeed remained "dangerously low," and the stall horn sounded intermittently. He reduced power to abort the takeoff, but there was insufficient runway remaining. The airplane touched down and overran the runway, the left wing impacted a tree, and the airplane spun 180° before coming to rest.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the left wing.

The automated weather observation station located on the airport reported that, about 5 minutes after the accident, the wind was from 140° at 5 knots. The airplane was departing from runway 26. 

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's improper decision to take off in tailwind conditions, which resulted in an aborted takeoff with insufficient runway remaining.

Findings

Personnel issues
Decision making/judgment - Pilot (Cause)
Aircraft control - Pilot (Cause)

Environmental issues
Tailwind - Decision related to condition (Cause)
Tailwind - Effect on operation
Tree(s) - Contributed to outcome

Factual Information

History of Flight

Takeoff-rejected takeoff
Miscellaneous/other
Aerodynamic stall/spin
Runway excursion
Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT) 

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 31, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Unknown
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: Unknown
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 09/02/2015
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 
Flight Time:

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N432W
Model/Series: 170 B
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1952
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 20325
Landing Gear Type: Tailwheel
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection:  Unknown
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2200 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time:
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
ELT:
Engine Model/Series: C145 SERIES
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 145 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KSPF, 3931 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1335 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 6°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 5 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 140°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.02 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 18°C / 15°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Spearfish, SD (SPF)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: Unknown
Destination: Newcastle, WY (ECS)
Type of Clearance: Unknown
Departure Time: 0830 MDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: BLACK HILLS-CLYDE ICE FIELD (SPF)
Runway Surface Type: Grass/turf
Airport Elevation: 3933 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 26
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 4003 ft / 100 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: None

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude:  44.480833, -103.783333 (est)

Loss of Engine Power (Total): Evektor-Aerotechnik SportStar, N409EV; accident occurred July 20, 2019 near Tracy Municipal Airport (KTCY), San Joaquin County, California


Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Alameda, California

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms

https://registry.faa.gov/N409EV


Location: Tracy, CA
Accident Number: GAA19CA446
Date & Time: 07/20/2019, 1800 PDT
Registration: N409EV
Aircraft: Evektor Aerotechnik SPORTSTAR
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Fuel exhaustion
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

Analysis 

The pilot reported that, while conducting the preflight inspection, he mistook the voltmeter for the fuel gauge. The first leg of his flight was uneventful; however, on the return flight, the engine started to sputter and then lost all power. He navigated toward a nearby airport, but when he realized that the airplane would not reach the airport, he chose to land on a field near the south end of the airport. During the landing, the left wing impacted a tree.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the fuselage and horizontal stabilizer.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation. 

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's improper fuel planning, which resulted in a total loss of engine power due to fuel exhaustion and a subsequent emergency landing and collision with a tree.

Findings

Aircraft
Fuel - Fluid level (Cause)

Personnel issues
Fuel planning - Pilot (Cause)

Environmental issues
Tree(s) - Effect on operation (Cause)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Enroute
Fuel exhaustion
Loss of engine power (total) (Defining event)

Landing
Off-field or emergency landing
Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Sport Pilot
Age: 68, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Sport Pilot
Last FAA Medical Exam: 12/14/2011
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 10/20/2017
Flight Time: (Estimated) , 707.2 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Evektor Aerotechnik
Registration: N409EV
Model/Series: SPORTSTAR No Series
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 2005
Amateur Built: Yes
Airworthiness Certificate: Special Light-Sport
Serial Number: 20050409
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 2
Date/Type of Last Inspection:  Unknown
Certified Max Gross Wt.:
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time:
Engine Manufacturer: Bombardier
ELT:
Engine Model/Series:
Registered Owner: Michael E Duncan
Rated Power:
Operator: Sunshine Flyers
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: TCY, 193 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site:
Observation Time: 0055 UTC
Direction from Accident Site:
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 9 knots / 15 knots
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 310°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 29.81 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 30°C / 12°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: San Martin, CA (E16)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Auburn, CA (AUN)
Type of Clearance: Unknown
Departure Time: 1700 PDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport:Tracy Muni (TCY) 
Runway Surface Type: Dirt
Airport Elevation: 193 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Rough
Runway Used: N/A
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width:
VFR Approach/Landing: Forced Landing

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 37.673056, -121.438056 (est)

Two people were uninjured when their single-engine airplane landed short of Tracy Municipal Airport on Saturday evening.

According to Tracy police records, officers were alerted to the emergency landing at 6:53 p.m.

The pilot set the plane down on property owned by Cemex, a cement and concrete manufacturing company at 30350 S. Tracy Blvd., about a half-mile from the airport.

According to a statement from Ian Gregor, a communications manager for the Federal Aviation Administration, the airplane was a 2005 Evektor SportStar registered out of Auburn.

The preliminary investigation said the airplane had taken off from the San Martin airport, a mile east of San Martin in Santa Clara County, and was headed to the Tracy Airport.

Gregor said the pilot reported that he ran out of fuel and set the aircraft down short of the runway.

The pilot and his passenger, who were not identified, were able to exit the airplane and were not injured.

The FAA and the National Transportation Safety Board will investigate what happened, with the NTSB as the lead agency. Gregor said it could take up to a year or more to complete the investigation.

Original article ➤ http://www.goldenstatenewspapers.com

Landing Area Overshoot: Apollo Fox, N791YE; accident occurred July 19, 2018 in Chateaugay, Franklin County, New York

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Albany, New York

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf


Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms


Aviation Accident Data Summary - National Transportation Safety Board:  https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

https://registry.faa.gov/N791YE

Location:  Chateaugay, NY
Accident Number: GAA18CA561
Date & Time: 07/19/2018, 1445 EDT
Registration: N791YE
Aircraft: APOLLO AIRCRAFT INC Fox
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Landing area overshoot
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

Analysis 

The pilot reported that, while landing on a 1,300-ft-long private grass airstrip, the airplane floated and would not settle in the grass. Subsequently, he performed a go-around, but the airplane struck trees beyond the departure end of the runway and then impacted terrain.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to both wings and the rudder.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

The automated weather observation system about 23 nautical miles from the accident site reported that, about the time of the accident, the wind was from 290° at 5 knots. The pilot stated that the weather conditions reported at the departure airport about 18 miles to the east, about the time of the accident, were wind from 300° at 3 to 7 knots. The pilot landed to the east. 

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's failure to maintain clearance from trees during a go-around.

Findings

Aircraft
Altitude - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Pilot (Cause)

Environmental issues
Tree(s) - Effect on operation (Cause)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing
Landing area overshoot (Defining event)

Approach-VFR go-around
Miscellaneous/other
Controlled flight into terr/obj (CFIT)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 56, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: Lap Only
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 08/25/2017
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 05/28/2017
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 665 hours (Total, all aircraft), 13 hours (Total, this make and model), 25 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information


Aircraft Make: APOLLO AIRCRAFT INC
Registration: N791YE
Model/Series: Fox
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 2008
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Experimental Light Sport
Serial Number: 00005
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 2
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 05/18/2018, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 1320 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 1068 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Rotax
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: 912uls
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 100 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan


Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: CWIT, 174 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 23 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1800 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 45°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  
Lowest Ceiling:
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 5 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 290°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting:
Temperature/Dew Point: 25°C / 10°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Malone, NY (MAL)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Chateaugay, NY
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1430 EDT
Type of Airspace:  Class G 

Wreckage and Impact Information


Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude:  42.700833, -74.074167 (est)

Cessna 182T Skylane, N91920: Incident occurred July 20, 2019 at Reid-Hillview Airport (KRHV), Santa Clara County, California

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; San Jose, California

Aircraft struck geese on landing.

K-Farms

https://registry.faa.gov/N91920

Date: 20-JUL-19
Time: 14:48:00Z
Regis#: N91920
Aircraft Make: CESSNA
Aircraft Model: T182
Event Type: INCIDENT
Highest Injury: NONE
Aircraft Missing: No
Damage: MINOR
Activity: PERSONAL
Flight Phase: LANDING (LDG)
Operation: 91
City: SAN JOSE
State: CALIFORNIA

Hard Landing: Cessna 310P, N46CH: Accident occurred July 20, 2018 at Malden Regional Airport (KMAW), Dunklin County, Missouri

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Saint Ann, Missouri

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf


Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms



Aviation Accident Data Summary - National Transportation Safety Board:  https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

http://registry.faa.gov/N46CH


Location: Malden, MO
Accident Number: GAA18CA446
Date & Time: 07/20/2018, 1700 CDT
Registration: N46CH
Aircraft: Cessna 310
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Hard landing
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal

Analysis 

The pilot reported that, while landing, the airplane "hit some turbulence," and it "felt like the bottom dropped out." Subsequently, the airplane landed hard.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the right wing front spar.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

The pilot reported that the wind was light and variable. The automated weather observation system about 19 nautical miles from the accident site reported that, about the time of the accident, the wind was from 220° at 7 knots, gusting to 15 knots. The pilot landed the airplane on runway 18.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's improper landing flare in gusting wind conditions, which resulted in a hard landing.

Findings

Aircraft
Landing flare - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Pilot (Cause)

Environmental issues
Gusts - Effect on operation

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing
Other weather encounter
Hard landing (Defining event) 

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 70, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: Lap Only
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Sport Pilot Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam:
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 07/20/2018
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 2500 hours (Total, all aircraft), 2500 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N46CH
Model/Series: 310 P
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1969
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 310P0146
Landing Gear Type: Retractable - Tricycle
Seats: 6
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 11/09/2017, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 5203 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 2 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 4946.9 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: IO-470-V
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 260 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KPOF, 327 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 19 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 2153 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 303°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Few / 8000 ft agl
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling:
Visibility (RVR): 
Wind Speed/Gusts: 7 knots / 15 knots
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 220°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / Unknown
Altimeter Setting: 29.81 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 34°C / 22°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Birmingham, AL (BHM)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Sioux City, IA (SUX)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1100 CDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: Malden Rgnl (MAW)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 294 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 18
IFR Approach:None 
Runway Length/Width: 5011 ft / 100 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Straight-in

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 36.600556, -89.992222 (est)