Tuesday, March 19, 2019

Loss of Control on Ground: Cessna 172N Skyhawk, N4642J, accident occurred November 12, 2018 at Inverness Airport (KINF), Citrus County, Florida


Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Tampa, Florida

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms

https://registry.faa.gov/N4642J


Location: Inverness, FL
Accident Number: GAA19CA081
Date & Time: 11/12/2018, 1400 EST
Registration: N4642J
Aircraft: Cessna 172
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional 

Analysis 

The flight instructor reported that, with the pilot receiving instruction at the flight controls, the airplane veered left during the landing roll and that he then took the flight controls. He added full power and reduced flaps, but the airplane continued to veer left and exited the runway. Subsequently, the airplane impacted a ditch, the nose landing gear collapsed, and the airplane then came to rest inverted.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the left wing.

The instructor reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

The instructor reported that the wind was from 170° at 8 knots. The airport’s automated weather observation station reported that, about 15 minutes after the accident, the wind was from 140° at 4 knots. The pilot landed the airplane on runway 19. 

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot receiving instruction's failure to maintain directional control during landing.

Findings

Aircraft
Directional control - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Student pilot (Cause)
Delayed action - Instructor/check pilot

Environmental issues
Sloped/uneven terrain - Contributed to outcome

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing
Loss of control on ground (Defining event)
Attempted remediation/recovery

Runway excursion
Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)
Landing gear collapse
Nose over/nose down



Pilot Information

Certificate: Commercial
Age: 62, Female
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land; Single-engine Sea
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 12/10/2016
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 01/25/2017
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 3776 hours (Total, all aircraft), 74 hours (Total, this make and model), 9.6 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 9.6 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 1.2 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft) 

Flight Instructor Information

Certificate: Flight Instructor; Commercial
Age: 53, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane Single-engine; Instrument Airplane
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 03/09/2018
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 09/07/2017
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 2000 hours (Total, all aircraft), 1800 hours (Total, this make and model), 1800 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 59 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 7 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 3 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)



Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N4642J
Model/Series: 172 N
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1979
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 17273658
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 10/03/2018, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2300 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 14880 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: Installed, activated, did not aid in locating accident
Engine Model/Series: O-320 SERIES
Registered Owner: CAG Aircraft Holdings LLC
Rated Power: 160 hp
Operator: CAG Aircraft Holdings LLC
Operating Certificate(s) Held: Pilot School (141) 



Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KINF, 50 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 1 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1915 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 5°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Scattered / 4200 ft agl
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling:
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 4 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 140°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 29.99 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 31°C / 20°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Crystal River, FL (CGC)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Inverness, FL (INF)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1325 EST
Type of Airspace: Class G



Airport Information

Airport: INVERNESS (INF)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 64 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 19
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 5001 ft / 75 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Traffic Pattern 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 2 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude: 28.806389, -82.318056 (est)

Loss of Control on Ground: Cessna A185F Skywagon, N185PR, accident occurred November 09, 2018 at Zwainz Farms Airport (WA08), Reardan, Lincoln County, Washington

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Spokane, Washington

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms

https://registry.faa.gov/N185PR

Location: Reardan, WA
Accident Number: GAA19CA055
Date & Time: 11/09/2018, 1002 PST
Registration: N185PR
Aircraft: Cessna A185
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional 

Analysis 

The flight instructor was evaluating a pilot receiving instruction in a tailwheel-equipped, high‑performance airplane for a visual flight rules cross-country flight. He added that they considered the runway to be "a one-way strip." When they arrived at the private airstrip, the GPS indicated a 5-knot crosswind from the southeast.

During the approach, the airplane was about "50 ft high" when it crossed their predetermined go‑around point; they continued the landing. During the touchdown, the airplane bounced twice, and the pilot then initiated a go‑around. The instructor then "reminded" the pilot that they were committed to the landing and instructed him not to go-around, so the pilot transitioned the airplane back to landing.

During the subsequent touchdown, the airplane "quickly" veered right. The pilot attempted to correct the veer, but the airplane exited the right side of the airstrip onto soft ground, and it then nosed down and came to rest on the spinner and left wing.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the left wing.

The instructor reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

The pilot indicated that the wind at the airport was from about 140° at 5 knots. The pilot landed the airplane on runway 5.

The flight instructor recommended that he should have taken the controls sooner in the abnormal situation. 

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot receiving instruction's improper approach and landing flare in crosswind conditions, which resulted in a bounced landing and subsequent loss of directional control. Contributing to the accident was the flight instructor’s delayed remedial action. 

Findings

Aircraft
Landing flare - Not attained/maintained (Cause)
Directional control - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Student pilot (Cause)
Delayed action - Instructor/check pilot (Factor)

Environmental issues
Crosswind - Effect on operation

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing
Abnormal runway contact
Loss of control on ground (Defining event)
Attempted remediation/recovery
Runway excursion
Nose over/nose down


Flight Instructor Information

Certificate: Airline Transport; Flight Instructor; Commercial
Age: 57, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 4-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane Single-engine; Instrument Airplane
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 03/20/2018
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 01/25/2018
Flight Time:   (Estimated) 7299 hours (Total, all aircraft), 838 hours (Total, this make and model), 6511 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 120 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 17 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 2 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft) 

Pilot Information

Certificate: Commercial
Age: 29, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 4-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 03/08/2016
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 06/11/2018
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 362 hours (Total, all aircraft), 26 hours (Total, this make and model), 238 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 7 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 7 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 2 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N185PR
Model/Series: A185 F
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1976
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 18502889
Landing Gear Type: Tailwheel
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 09/05/2018, 100 Hour
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 3350 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 8381.6 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
ELT: C126 installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: IO-520-D
Registered Owner: Proclaim Aviation Ministries
Rated Power: 300 hp
Operator: The Moody Bible Institute of Chicago
Operating Certificate(s) Held: Pilot School (141)
Operator Does Business As: Moody Aviation
Operator Designator Code: 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KSKA, 2461 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 12 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1758 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 114°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 7 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 150°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.22 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 0°C / -2°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Spokane, WA (SFF)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: VFR
Destination: Reardan, WA (WA08)
Type of Clearance: Unknown
Departure Time: 0900 PDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: ZWAINZ FARMS (WA08)
Runway Surface Type: Grass/turf
Airport Elevation: 2795 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 05
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 2600 ft / 45 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 2 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude:  47.713333, -117.920000 (est)

Runway Excursion: Cirrus SR20, N418DE; accident occurred March 12, 2019 at Colorado Plains Regional Airport (KAKO), Akron, Washington County, Colorado

Additional Participating Entity: 
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Denver, Colorado 

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board:  https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:  https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms

https://registry.faa.gov/N418DE

Location: Akron, CO
Accident Number: GAA19CA165
Date & Time: 03/12/2019, 1600 MDT
Registration: N418DE
Aircraft: Cirrus SR20
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Runway excursion
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional 

The student pilot reported that during his first solo flight in the pattern he aborted the first landing because he was uncomfortable with the airplane's runway alignment. During the subsequent approach, the airplane was crabbed slightly to the right. He recalled that just before the airplane touched down, he applied left rudder and the airplane bounced. The airplane exited the left side of the runway and collided with a drainage culvert and nosed over.

The student reported that the wind at the time of the accident was reported as calm.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the empennage.

The student pilot reported that there were no mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Student Pilot Information

Certificate: Student
Age: 61, Male
Airplane Rating(s): None
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: Unknown
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 10/12/2018
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 65.4 hours (Total, all aircraft), 42.7 hours (Total, this make and model), 1 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cirrus
Registration: N418DE
Model/Series: SR20 No Series
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 2018
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 2428
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 5
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 02/08/2019, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 3150 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 456.8 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: C126 installed, activated, aided in locating accident
Engine Model/Series: IO-390-C3B6
Registered Owner: Delta Echo Aviation Llc
Rated Power: 215 hp
Operator: Independence Aviation LLC
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KAKO, 4621 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 1 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1553 MDT
Direction from Accident Site: 156°
Lowest Cloud Condition:
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling:
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: Calm /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual:
Wind Direction:
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual:
Altimeter Setting: 29.59 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 18°C / 3°C
Precipitation and Obscuration:
Departure Point: Denver, CO (APA)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Akron, CO (AKO)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1530 MDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: Colorado Plains Rgnl (AKO)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 4715 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 29
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 7001 ft / 100 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Traffic Pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 40.175556, -103.221944 (est)


On March 12, 2019 at approximately 4:41 p.m., Washington County Sheriff's Office, Akron Volunteer Fire Department and Washington County Ambulance were dispatched to the Colorado Plains Regional Airport in Akron on a plane crash.

Upon arrival, emergency personnel observed a Cirrus SR20 upside down on the southwest portion of the airport a few hundred feet off the runway. 

The pilot stated that he was on his first solo flight and when he came in for a landing, a gust of wind lifted the plane off the ground and he was unable to keep the plane on the runway. 

The pilot was the only occupant in the plane and was later taken to the hospital with minor injuries. 

The Federal Aviation Administration and National Transportation Safety Board were notified. 

Original article ➤ http://www.akronnewsreporter.com

Yakovlev Yak-52, N666EN: Incident occurred March 18, 2019 at Springdale Municipal Airport (KASG), Arkansas

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Little Rock, Arkansas

Exited runway and gear collapsed.

https://registry.faa.gov/N666EN

Date: 18-MAR-19
Time: 20:21:00Z
Regis#: N666EN
Aircraft Make: YAKOVLEV
Aircraft Model: YAK 52
Event Type: INCIDENT
Highest Injury: UNKNOWN
Aircraft Missing: No
Damage: UNKNOWN
Activity: PERSONAL
Flight Phase: TAXI (TXI)
Operation: 91
City: SPRINGDALE
State: ARKANSAS

Cessna 172N Skyhawk, N5298J: Incident occurred March 18, 2019 at Van Nuys Airport (KVNY), Los Angeles County, California

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Van Nuys, California

Struck a bird.

https://registry.faa.gov/N5298J

Date: 18-MAR-19
Time: 21:42:00Z
Regis#: N5298J
Aircraft Make: CESSNA
Aircraft Model: 172N
Event Type: INCIDENT
Highest Injury: NONE
Aircraft Missing: No
Damage: MINOR
Activity: UNKNOWN
Flight Phase: APPROACH (APR)
Operation: 91
City: VAN NUYS
State: CALIFORNIA

Piper PA-28-161 Warrior II, N971AC: Accident occurred March 18, 2019 in Naples, Collier County, Florida

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Tampa, Florida

Went off the runway resulting in prop strike.

Naples Air Center Inc

https://registry.faa.gov/N971AC

Date: 18-MAR-19
Time: 13:42:00Z
Regis#: N971AC
Aircraft Make: PIPER
Aircraft Model: PA 28 161
Event Type: ACCIDENT
Highest Injury: NONE
Aircraft Missing: No
Damage: SUBSTANTIAL
Activity: OTHER
Flight Phase: LANDING (LDG)
Operation: 91
City: NAPLES
State: FLORIDA

Mooney M20E, N79350: Incident occurred March 18, 2019 at Ocala International Airport (KOCF), Marion County, Florida

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Orlando, Florida

Gear collapsed.

Ocala Aviation Services Inc

https://registry.faa.gov/N79350

Date: 18-MAR-19
Time: 16:53:00Z
Regis#: N79350
Aircraft Make: MOONEY
Aircraft Model: M20E
Event Type: INCIDENT
Highest Injury: NONE
Aircraft Missing: No
Damage: UNKNOWN
Activity: INSTRUCTION
Flight Phase: LANDING (LDG)
Operation: 91
City: OCALA
State: FLORIDA

Pilatus PC-12/45, N420DW: Incident occurred March 18, 2019 at Millard Airport (KMLE), Omaha, Douglas County, Nebraska

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Lincoln, Nebraska

Went off the end of the runway.

Wikert Air LLC

https://registry.faa.gov/N420DW

Date: 18-MAR-19
Time: 19:10:00Z
Regis#: N420DW
Aircraft Make: PILATUS
Aircraft Model: PC 12/45
Event Type: INCIDENT
Highest Injury: NONE
Aircraft Missing: No
Damage: UNKNOWN
Activity: UNKNOWN
Flight Phase: TAKEOFF (TOF)
Operation: 91
City: OMAHA
State: NEBRASKA

Piper PA-46-500TP Malibu Meridian, N4414Z: Incident occurred March 18, 2019 at Teterboro Airport (KTEB), Bergen County, New Jersey

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Teterboro, New Jersey

Veered off the runway.

Buffalo Spine Surgery PLLC

https://registry.faa.gov/N4414Z

Date: 19-MAR-19
Time: 03:05:00Z
Regis#: N4414Z
Aircraft Make: PIPER
Aircraft Model: PA46 500TP
Event Type: INCIDENT
Highest Injury: NONE
Aircraft Missing: No
Damage: UNKNOWN
Activity: UNKNOWN
Flight Phase: TAXI (TXI)
Operation: 91
City: TETERBORO
State: NEW JERSEY

Loss of Control on Ground: Cessna 140A, N5641C, accident occurred March 18, 2019 at Corvallis Municipal Airport (KCVO), Benton County, Oregon

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Portland, Oregon

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf


https://registry.faa.gov/N5641C


Location: Corvallis, OR

Accident Number: GAA19CA189
Date & Time: 03/18/2019, 1200 PDT
Registration: N5641C
Aircraft: Cessna 140
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal

According to both pilots in the tailwheel-equipped airplane, the newly endorsed tailwheel pilot was on the flight controls during the landing. She recalled that when the airplane touched down, it bounced, so she added power, but the airplane bounced again, before it settled on the runway.

During the landing roll, the airplane veered to the right, and she over-corrected to the left. She then applied right rudder, but the airplane became, "squirrelly."

The second pilot, who was the owner of the airplane, grabbed the yoke and applied rudder to regain directional control. The airplane decelerated, the propeller struck the runway, and the airplane nosed over. He asserted that, at no time did he apply the brakes.

When asked, the first pilot could not recall whether she applied the brakes.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the rudder and vertical stabilizer.

Both pilots reported that there were no mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Pilot Information

Certificate: Commercial
Age: 75, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land; Single-engine Sea
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): Glider
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 10/01/2018
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 08/01/2018
Flight Time: (Estimated) 3572 hours (Total, all aircraft), 39 hours (Total, this make and model), 3303.3 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 18.6 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 7 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Flight Instructor
Age: 55, Female
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane Single-engine
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 03/04/2019
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 01/31/2019
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 877 hours (Total, all aircraft), 7.8 hours (Total, this make and model), 572 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 29 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 12.8 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N5641C
Model/Series: 140 A
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1950
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Utility
Serial Number: 15595
Landing Gear Type: Tailwheel
Seats: 2
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 08/23/2018, Unknown
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 1500 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 3350 Hours
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: C90-14F
Registered Owner: Cruisair Llc
Rated Power: 90 hp
Operator: Cruisair Llc
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KCVO, 250 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1200 PDT
Direction from Accident Site: 59°
Lowest Cloud Condition: 
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling:
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 15 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual:
Wind Direction: 45°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual:
Altimeter Setting: 29.7 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 24°C / 1°C
Precipitation and Obscuration:
Departure Point: Creswell, OR (77S)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Corvallis, OR (CVO)
Type of Clearance: VFR Flight Following
Departure Time: 1115 PDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: Corvallis Muni (CVO)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 249 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 35
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 5900 ft / 150 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Touch and Go; Traffic Pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 2 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude:  44.497222, -123.289444 (est)

Cessna 182T Skylane, N371CP: Incident occurred March 18, 2019 at Morristown Regional Airport (KMOR), Hamblen County, Tennessee

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Nashville, Tennessee

Porpoised resulting in blow tire and prop strike.

Civil Air Patrol

https://registry.faa.gov/N371CP

Date: 18-MAR-19
Time: 17:00:00Z
Regis#: N371CP
Aircraft Make: CESSNA
Aircraft Model: 182T
Event Type: INCIDENT
Highest Injury: NONE
Aircraft Missing: No
Damage: UNKNOWN
Activity: MILITARY
Flight Phase: LANDING (LDG)
City: MORRISTOWN
State: TENNESSEE

Wildlife Encounter (Non-Bird): Cessna 310R, N553CM; accident occurred October 04, 2018 at Desert Mountain Ranch, Marathon, Brewster County, Texas

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Lubbock, Texas

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf 


Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms 

https://registry.faa.gov/N553CM


Location: Marathon, TX
Accident Number: GAA19CA004
Date & Time: 10/04/2018, 1920 CDT
Registration: N553CM
Aircraft: Cessna 310
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Wildlife encounter (non-bird)
Injuries: 4 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

Analysis 

The pilot reported that, during landing on a private dirt airstrip on his ranch, the airplane collided with a cow. The pilot added that he did not see the cow during the approach or on the runway during touchdown. 

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the right wing and right engine mounts.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be: 
The pilot's failure to see and avoid a cow on the airstrip during landing. 

Findings

Personnel issues
Task monitoring/vigilance - Pilot (Cause)

Environmental issues
Animal(s)/bird(s) - Effect on operation (Cause)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing-landing roll

Wildlife encounter (non-bird) (Defining event)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Airline Transport; Flight Instructor; Commercial
Age: 48, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane Multi-engine; Airplane Single-engine; Instrument Airplane
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 05/14/2018
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 08/29/2018
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 6000 hours (Total, all aircraft), 350 hours (Total, this make and model), 5100 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 100 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 40 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N553CM
Model/Series: 310 R
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1974
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 310R0169
Landing Gear Type: Retractable - Tricycle
Seats: 6
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 01/04/2018, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 5501 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 2 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 7149 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
ELT: C91  installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: IO 520 A2B
Registered Owner: Cessna 205 Llc
Rated Power: 300 hp
Operator: Cessna 205 Llc
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: K6R6, 2322 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 28 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 0053 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 62°
Lowest Cloud Condition:
Visibility:  
Lowest Ceiling:
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 11 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 100°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 29.93 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 26°C / 20°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Lago Vista, TX (RYW)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Marathon, TX (PVT)
Type of Clearance: VFR Flight Following
Departure Time: 1800 CDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: Desert Mountain Ranch (PVT)
Runway Surface Type: Dirt
Airport Elevation: 2800 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: N/A
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width:
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 3 None
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 4 None
Latitude, Longitude: 29.823333, -102.690556 (est)