Wednesday, April 4, 2018

Boeing PT-13D, N43JM: Accident occurred September 28, 2017 at Skagit Regional Airport (KBVS), Burlington, Washington

Analysis 

According to the pilot in the high-performance, tailwheel-equipped biplane, he landed on a turf airstrip which he described as "long and wide." He added that "there was no wind." During the landing roll, he taxied the biplane along the right edge of the runway, and the lower right wing struck a precision approach path indicator (PAPI) control box. The pilot reported that the accident was caused by a lack of situational awareness during the landing roll.

The PAPI lights were identified in the airport facility directory.

The biplane sustained substantial damage to the lower right-wing spar.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical malfunctions or failures with the biplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's failure to maintain clearance from airport lighting during the landing roll.

Findings

Personnel issues
Monitoring environment - Pilot (Cause)

Environmental issues
Runway/taxi/approach light - Effect on operation (Cause)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing
Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Seattle, Washington

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms

http://registry.faa.gov/N43JM

Location: Skagit, WA
Accident Number: GAA17CA564
Date & Time: 09/28/2017, 1200 PDT
Registration: N43JM
Aircraft: BOEING PT 13
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

According to the pilot in the high-performance, tailwheel-equipped bi-plane, he landed on a turf airstrip which he described as, "long and wide and there was no wind."

During the landing roll, he piloted the airplane along the right edge of the runway, and the lower right wing struck a precision approach path indicator (PAPI) control box.

The pilot reported that the accident was caused by a lack of situational awareness during the landing roll.

The PAPI lights are identified in the airport facility directory.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the lower right-wing spar.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation. 

Pilot Information

Certificate: Commercial
Age: 58, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Sea
Seat Occupied: Front
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 4-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification:  Class 3 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 07/12/2017
Occupational Pilot:  No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:  11/27/2016
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 1640 hours (Total, all aircraft), 15 hours (Total, this make and model), 1559 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 76 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 25 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 1 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer:  BOEING
Registration: N43JM
Model/Series: PT 13 D
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1943
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 75-5825
Landing Gear Type: Tailwheel
Seats: 2
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 08/15/2017, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2950 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: C126 installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: R-680-17
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 225 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held:  None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site:  Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KBVS, 140 ft msl
Observation Time: 1815 UTC
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Direction from Accident Site: 139°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Temperature/Dew Point: 24°C / 11°C
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility:  10 Miles
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: 4 knots, 60°
Visibility (RVR):
Altimeter Setting: 29.94 inches Hg
Visibility (RVV):
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: CONCRETE, WA (3W5)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Burlington, WA (KBVS)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1130 PDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: SKAGIT RGNL (BVS)
Runway Surface Type: Grass/turf
Airport Elevation: 145 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 22
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 3000 ft / 60 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 48.470556, -122.421667 (est)

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