Saturday, April 24, 2021

Loss of Control on Ground: Cessna 180J Skywagon, N59DW; accident occurred April 20, 2019 at Reedsburg Municipal Airport (C35), Sauk County, Wisconsin

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board

Additional Participating Entity: 
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

State of Wisconsin

Location: Reedsburg, Wisconsin
Accident Number: GAA19CA218
Date & Time: April 20, 2019, 14:52 Local 
Registration: N59DW
Aircraft: Cessna 180 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground 
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General aviation - Aerial observation


The pilot of the tailwheel-equipped airplane reported that, after a three-point landing, during the landing roll, the airplane veered left. He corrected with right rudder, but the airplane continued left, so he applied brakes, and the airplane nosed over.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the right wing.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's loss of directional control and subsequent improper brake application during the landing roll, which resulted in a nose-over.


Aircraft Directional control - Not attained/maintained
Aircraft Brake - Incorrect use/operation
Personnel issues Aircraft control - Pilot
Personnel issues Use of equip/system - Pilot

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing-landing roll Loss of control on ground (Defining event)
Landing-landing roll Attempted remediation/recovery

Pilot Information

Certificate: Airline transport; Commercial; Flight instructor
Age: 65, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine land; Single-engine sea; Multi-engine land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None 
Restraint Used: Unknown
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane multi-engine; Airplane single-engine; Instrument airplane
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 With waivers/limitations Last FAA Medical Exam: December 12, 2018
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: February 19, 2019
Flight Time: (Estimated) 10289 hours (Total, all aircraft), 648 hours (Total, this make and model), 9943 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 47 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 47 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 7 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N59DW
Model/Series: 180 J 
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1975 
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal 
Serial Number: 18052649
Landing Gear Type: Tailwheel
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: January 8, 2019 100 hour
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2800 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 8041.9 Hrs at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
ELT: C91 installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-470-S
Registered Owner:
Rated Power: 230 Horsepower
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual (VMC) 
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KDLL, 976 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 9 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 04:35 Local 
Direction from Accident Site: 91°
Lowest Cloud Condition: 
Visibility: 10 miles
Lowest Ceiling: 
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: / 
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction:
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 29.85 inches Hg 
Temperature/Dew Point:
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Necedah, WI (DAF)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Reedsburg, WI (C35) 
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 12:10 Local
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: Reedsburg Muni C35 
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 906 ft msl 
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 36
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 4840 ft / 75 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full stop; Traffic pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 43.525833,-89.983329(est)

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