Sunday, November 5, 2017

Fairchild M-62A-3 Cornell II, N47164, registered to DTD PT-19 LLC: Accident occurred August 30, 2016 in Madison, Lake County, Ohio

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident. 

Additional Participating Entity:

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; North Olmsted, Ohio 

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf 


Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms

Aviation Accident Data Summary - National Transportation Safety Board:  https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

http://registry.faa.gov/N47164


Location: Madison, OH
Accident Number: CEN16LA342
Date & Time: 08/30/2016, 1950 EDT
Registration: N47164
Aircraft: FAIRCHILD M 62A-3
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event:
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal

Analysis 

The commercial pilot and one passenger departed in a vintage airplane from a private airstrip. During the takeoff, the airplane would not climb with full engine power, and it collided with trees about 1/2 mile from the end of the runway.

An examination of the airplane revealed that the flaps were in the "down" position. However, the Before Takeoff checklist stated, "flaps up," for takeoff. The pilot reported that he normally took off with one notch of flaps. It is likely that the pilot's failure to follow the Before Takeoff checklist and his use of the wrong flaps setting for takeoff degraded the airplane's climb performance. 

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's failure to follow the Before Takeoff checklist and his improper use of flaps during takeoff, which degraded the airplane's climb performance and resulted in a collision with trees. 

Findings

Aircraft
Climb rate - Attain/maintain not possible (Cause)
Trailing edge flaps - Incorrect use/operation (Cause)

Personnel issues
Use of checklist - Pilot (Cause)
Use of equip/system - Pilot (Cause)

Environmental issues
Tree(s) - Effect on operation (Cause)

Factual Information 

On August 30, 2016, about 1950 eastern daylight time, a Fairchild M 62A-3 (PT-19) airplane, N47164, collided with tree while departing from a private strip near Madison, Ohio. The commercial rated pilot and passenger were not injured. The airplane was substantially damaged. The airplane was registered to DTD PT-19 LLC and operated by a private individual under the provisions of 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91 as a personal flight. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed for the flight, which operated without a flight plan. The local flight was originating at the time of the accident.

According to information obtained by investigators, while departing the private strip, the airplane would not climb with full engine power. The airplane collided with trees about ½ mile from the end of the strip. Substantial damage was sustained to the fuselage and wings.

An examination of the airframe by the responding Federal Aviation Administration found no anomalies with the airframe. However, the flaps were found in the down or extended position. A review of the aircraft checklist, notes for takeoff: "flaps up". The pilot stated to the FAA inspector that he normally takes off with one notch of flaps.

The pilot did not submit a completed NTSB Form 6120. 

History of Flight

Prior to flight
Miscellaneous/other
Ground handling event

Initial climb
Loss of control in flight
Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT) 

Pilot Information

Certificate: Flight Instructor; Commercial
Age: 70, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied:
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane Single-engine
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 07/28/2012
Occupational Pilot:
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time: 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: FAIRCHILD
Registration: N47164
Model/Series: M 62A-3
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture:  1942
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: T-42-3041
Landing Gear Type: Tailwheel
Seats:
Date/Type of Last Inspection:
Certified Max Gross Wt.:
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time:
Engine Manufacturer: Fairchild
ELT:
Engine Model/Series: 6-440
Registered Owner: DTD PT-19 LLC
Rated Power: 200 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KHZY, 924 ft msl
Observation Time: 1953 EDT
Distance from Accident Site: 16 Nautical Miles
Direction from Accident Site: 93°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Temperature/Dew Point: 22°C / 19°C
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility:  10 Miles
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: Calm
Visibility (RVR):
Altimeter Setting: 30.07 inches Hg
Visibility (RVV):
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Madison, OH
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Madison, OH
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1950 EDT
Type of Airspace:

Airport Information

Airport: Private Strip (PVT)
Runway Surface Type: N/A
Airport Elevation: 678 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Unknown
Runway Used: N/A
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width:
VFR Approach/Landing: None 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude:  41.792222, -81.058056 (est)

NTSB Identification: CEN16LA342
14 CFR Part 91: General Aviation
Accident occurred Tuesday, August 30, 2016 in Madison, OH
Aircraft: FAIRCHILD M 62A-3, registration: N47164
Injuries: 2 Uninjured.

This is preliminary information, subject to change, and may contain errors. Any errors in this report will be corrected when the final report has been completed. NTSB investigators may not have traveled in support of this investigation and used data provided by various sources to prepare this aircraft accident report.

On August 30, 2016, about 1950 eastern daylight time, a Fairchild M 62A-3 (PT-19) airplane, N47164, collided with trees while departing from a private strip near Madison, Ohio. The commercial rated pilot and passenger were not injured. The airplane was substantially damaged. The airplane was registered to DTD PT-19 LLC and operated by a private individual under the provisions of 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91 as a personal flight. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed for the flight, which operated without a flight plan. The local flight was originating at the time of the accident.

According to information obtained by investigators, during departure the airplane would not climb, with full engine power. The airplane collided with trees about ½ mile from the end of the airstrip.

The airplane was retained for further examination.

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