Monday, July 11, 2022

Loss of Control on Ground: Piper PA-16 Clipper, N6863K; accident occurred January 10, 2022 in Creswell, Lane County, Oregon

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident. 

Additional Participating Entity: 
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Hillsboro, Oregon

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Creswell, Oregon 
Accident Number: WPR22LA077
Date and Time: January 10, 2022, 10:15 Local
Registration: N6863K
Aircraft: Piper PA-16 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General aviation - Instructional


The student pilot in the tailwheel-equipped airplane reported that during the full stop landing roll, he applied too much pressure to the left brake pedal and the airplane veered left. The airplane exited the left side of the runway, entered the soft grass surface, and subsequently nosed over. The airplane sustained substantial damage to the right-wing lift strut. The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot’s excessive left brake pedal application during landing roll, which resulted a loss of directional control, runway excursion, and nose over.


Personnel issues Use of equip/system - Student/instructed pilot
Personnel issues Aircraft control - Student/instructed pilot
Aircraft Directional control - Not attained/maintained

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing-landing roll Loss of control on ground (Defining event)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Student 
Age: 45,Male
Airplane Rating(s): None 
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None 
Restraint Used: Lap only
Instrument Rating(s): None 
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None 
Toxicology Performed:
Medical Certification: Class 3 With waivers/limitations 
Last FAA Medical Exam: March 12, 2020
Occupational Pilot: No 
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time: (Estimated) 63 hours (Total, all aircraft), 30 hours (Total, this make and model), 9 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 20 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 6 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 1 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Piper
Registration: N6863K
Model/Series: PA-16 
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1949 
Amateur Built:
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 16-699
Landing Gear Type: Tailwheel 
Seats: 3
Date/Type of Last Inspection: July 15, 2021 100 hour Certified
Max Gross Wt.: 1650 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: Installed, not activated 
Engine Model/Series: O-235-C1
Registered Owner:
Rated Power: 112
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual (VMC)
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KEUG, 373 ft msl 
Distance from Accident Site: 15 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 09:54 Local 
Direction from Accident Site: 322°
Lowest Cloud Condition: 
Visibility: 10 miles
Lowest Ceiling: Broken / 5500 ft AGL
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: / 
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.42 inches Hg 
Temperature/Dew Point: 5°C / 4°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Creswell, OR 
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Creswell, OR 
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: HOBBY FLD 77S
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 541 ft msl
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 16
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 3102 ft / 60 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full stop; Traffic pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries:
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None 
Latitude, Longitude: 43.93075,-123.00666 (est)

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