Sunday, February 10, 2019

Piper PA-24-250 Comanche, N8220P: Accident occurred October 04, 2018 at Barrow County Airport (KWDR), Winder, Georgia

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; College Park, Georgia

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board:https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf


Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms


https://registry.faa.gov/N8220P


Location: Winder, GA

Accident Number: GAA19CA016
Date & Time: 10/04/2018, 1930 EDT
Registration: N8220P
Aircraft: Piper PA24
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Landing area undershoot
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

Analysis 

The pilot reported that, during a night flight, while lowering the flaps for landing, the cockpit lights turned off. He attempted to turn the lights back on to no avail. He added that the precision approach path indicator (PAPI) lights were off and that he could not get the runway lights to turn on either. As he was landing past "the first arrow in front [chevron in the displaced threshold]," he heard a "thump." He taxied the airplane to the ramp without further incident.

The passenger, an airframe and powerplant mechanic, reported that, during approach after the cockpit lights went out, he used his flashlight to light up the cockpit. He was unable to correct the panel lights but observed that the runway lights were "bright." He added that, during the landing, he felt the "bottom drop out" and that the airplane landed hard and bounced.

Postaccident examination revealed that the right horizontal stabilator sustained substantial damage. The pilot added that he and the passenger went to the beginning of the approach runway and found pieces of broken runway lights.

Archived NOTAMs for the date of the accident stated that:

RWY 31 PAPI UNUSABLE

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's failure to maintain an adequate approach path at night after an electrical failure, which resulted in the airplane striking runway lights.

Findings

Aircraft
Descent/approach/glide path - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Pilot (Cause)

Environmental issues
Runway/taxi/approach light - Effect on operation

Factual Information

History of Flight

Approach-VFR pattern final
Electrical system malf/failure

Landing
Landing area undershoot (Defining event)
Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 72, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: Lap Only
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 01/30/2018
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 12/16/2017
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 1226.5 hours (Total, all aircraft), 40.2 hours (Total, this make and model), 181.1 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 8.7 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 2.4 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Piper
Registration: N8220P
Model/Series: PA24 250
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1963
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 24-3473
Landing Gear Type: Retractable - Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 05/14/2018, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2900 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 5145.31 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-540-A1D5
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 250 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Night
Observation Facility, Elevation: KWDR, 943 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 2335 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 295°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: Calm /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction:
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.1 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point:  27°C / 20°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Winder, GA (WDR)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Winder, GA (WDR)
Type of Clearance: VFR
Departure Time: 1745 EDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: BARROW COUNTY (WDR)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 943 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 31
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 5500 ft / 100 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Traffic Pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude: 33.980278, -83.660833 (est)

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