Sunday, February 10, 2019

Cessna 182Q Skylane, registered to and operated by Above All Aviation Inc, N411BP: Accident occurred July 08, 2018 at San Luis Obispo County Regional Airport (KSBP), California

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Van Nuys, California

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board:

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: San Luis Obispo, CA
Accident Number: GAA18CA396
Date & Time: 07/08/2018, 1126 PDT
Registration: N411BP
Aircraft: Cessna 182
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Abnormal runway contact
Injuries: 3 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

According to the pilot, he made a straight in approach about 80 knots and full flaps on final. He initiated the landing flare and "felt a slight sink in lift" that resulted in a hard landing. He reported that the airplane bounced four times with each bounce increasing in height and magnitude. Subsequently, he taxied the airplane to the nearest intersection but was unable to continue, because the airplane was "taxiing rough" and he believed that the nose landing gear tire was damaged.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the left and right-side fuselage stringers.

Additionally, the pilot asserted that he underestimated the airplane's weight, and that a proper trim application could have helped to prevent this accident. He further emphasized that he should have aborted the landing after the first hard bounce.

The pilot reported that there were no mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation. 

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 22, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 None
Last FAA Medical Exam: 11/30/2016
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 10/07/2017
Flight Time: (Estimated) 84.7 hours (Total, all aircraft), 5 hours (Total, this make and model), 40.3 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 7.8 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 1.1 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N411BP
Model/Series: 182 Q
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1977
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 18266177
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 07/03/2018, 100 Hour
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2950 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 5663.6 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: C126 installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-470-U
Registered Owner: Above All Aviation Inc
Rated Power: 230 hp
Operator: Above All Aviation Inc
Operating Certificate(s) Held:  Pilot School (141); Commuter Air Carrier (135) 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KSBP, 200 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1856 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 100°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 15 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: /
Wind Direction: 310°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: /
Altimeter Setting: 29.9 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 33°C / 9°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Santa Barbara, CA (SBA)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: San Luis Obispo, CA (SBP)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1050 PDT
Type of Airspace: Class D 

Airport Information

Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 212 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 29
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 6101 ft / 150 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Straight-in 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 2 None
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 3 None
Latitude, Longitude:  35.237222, -120.642500 (est)

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