Sunday, February 10, 2019

Loss of Control on Ground: Cessna 182-T, N23YR, accident occurred December 21, 2018 at Harrison County Airport (KASL), Marshall, Texas

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Dallas, Texas

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms

https://registry.faa.gov/N23YR

Location: Marshall, TX
Accident Number: GAA19CA129
Date & Time: 12/21/2018, 1300 CST
Registration: N23YR
Aircraft: Cessna 182
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground 
Injuries: 1 None Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

Analysis 

The solo student pilot reported that, during landing, the airplane touched down left of centerline, veered left, exited the runway to the left, and then nosed over.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the lower left-wing lift strut.

The student reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

The airport's automated weather observation station reported that, about 5 minutes before the accident, the wind was from 320° at 7 knots and that, about 15 minutes after the accident, the wind was from 320° at 9 knots and variable between 290º and 350º. The pilot landed the airplane on runway 33.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's failure to maintain directional control during landing.

Findings

Aircraft
Directional control - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Student pilot (Cause)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing-flare/touchdown
Miscellaneous/other
Loss of control on ground (Defining event)
Nose over/nose down
Runway excursion

Student Pilot Information

Certificate: Student
Age: 58, Male
Airplane Rating(s): None
Seat Occupied: Unknown
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: Unknown
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 05/23/2017
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 201 hours (Total, all aircraft), 94 hours (Total, this make and model)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N23YR
Model/Series: 182 T
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 2015
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 18282379
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection:  Unknown
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2348 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time:
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT:
Engine Model/Series: IO-540-AB1A5
Registered Owner: P R Parker Company Inc
Rated Power: 290 hp
Operator: P R Parker Company Inc
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KASL, 357 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1915 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 337°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 9 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 320°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 29.97 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 13°C / -3°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Marshall, TX (ASL)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Marshall, TX (ASL)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time:  CST
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: Harrison County (ASL)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 357 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 33
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 5002 ft / 100 ft
VFR Approach/Landing:  Full Stop; Straight-in

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude:  32.520556, -94.307778 (est)

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