Sunday, February 10, 2019

Loss of Control in Flight: Cessna 172R Skyhawk, N2651R; accident occurred December 30, 2018 at Essex County Airport (KCDW), Caldwell, New Jersey

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Saddle Brook, New Jersey

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board:

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Caldwell, NJ
Accident Number: GAA19CA106
Date & Time: 12/30/2018, 1620 EST
Registration: N2651R
Aircraft: Cessna 172
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control in flight
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional 

The chief pilot of the flight school reported that, after the student pilot had performed two landings with the flight instructor, the flight instructor exited the airplane, and the student performed a solo flight around the pattern. After the full stop landing, the student added full power for another takeoff, but the airplane veered left. The student added rudder inputs to correct, but the airplane exited the runway, struck a berm, and the nose landing gear collapsed.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the fuselage.

The chief pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Student Pilot Information

Certificate: Student
Age: 40, Male
Airplane Rating(s): None
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 10/06/2018
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 60 hours (Total, all aircraft), 60 hours (Total, this make and model), 1 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 30 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 20 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N2651R
Model/Series: 172 R
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1998
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal; Utility
Serial Number: 17280542
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 12/28/2018, 100 Hour
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2450 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 7460.9 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: C91A installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: IO-360-L2A
Registered Owner: Aa Aero Inc
Rated Power: 160 hp
Operator: Air Fleet Training Systems Inc.
Operating Certificate(s) Held: Pilot School (141)

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KCDW, 52 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1553 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 0°
Lowest Cloud Condition: 
Visibility: 10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: Broken / 2700 ft agl
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: Calm /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction:
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.23 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 1°C / -2°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Caldwell, NJ (CDW)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Caldwell, NJ (CDW)
Type of Clearance: VFR
Departure Time: 1600 EST
Type of Airspace: Class D

Airport Information

Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 172 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 22
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 4552 ft / 80 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: None

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude:  40.875556, -74.278333 (est)

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