Friday, January 10, 2020

Hard Landing: Cessna 172S Skyhawk SP, N197ME; accident occurred August 04, 2019 at Ocean City Municipal Airport (KOXB), Worcester County, Maryland

View of the fuselage damage.

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Baltimore, Maryland

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board:

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Ocean City, MD
Accident Number: GAA19CA503
Date & Time: 08/04/2019, 1118 EDT
Registration: N197ME
Aircraft: Cessna 172
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Hard landing
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional 

The student pilot reported that, while landing, the airplane "bounced big/hard." She corrected by pitching the airplane for straight and level flight and prepared to flare again. The airplane touched down hard on the runway and bounced again. She was able to land and taxied to the ramp without further incident.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the fuselage aft of the nose wheel.

The student pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

The airport's automated weather observation station reported that, about the time of the accident, the wind was from 160° at 7 knots. The student was landing the airplane on runway 32. 

Student Pilot Information

Certificate: Student
Age: 54, Female
Airplane Rating(s): None
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 11/06/2017
Occupational Pilot:No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 81.2 hours (Total, all aircraft), 81.2 hours (Total, this make and model), 6.8 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 61.7 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 25.6 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 3.9 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N197ME
Model/Series: 172 S
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 2000
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal; Utility
Serial Number: 172S8472
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection:  Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2400 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 3004 Hours
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
Engine Model/Series: IO-360
Registered Owner: Premier Air Of Delaware Inc
Rated Power: 160 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: Commercial Air Tour (136); Pilot School (141)

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KOXB, 12 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1553 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 182°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 7 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / Terrain-Induced
Wind Direction: 160°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / Light
Altimeter Setting: 30.02 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 28°C / 16°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Ocean City, MD (OXB)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Ocean City, MD (OXB)
Type of Clearance: VFR
Departure Time: 1110 EDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: Ocean City Muni (OXB)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 11 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 32
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 4074 ft / 75 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Traffic Pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 38.310556, -75.123889 (est)

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