Friday, January 10, 2020

Abnormal Runway Contact: Cessna 182P Skylane, N58628; accident occurred August 04, 2019 at Metropolitan Oakland International Airport (KOAK), Alameda County, California

View of damaged fuselage from underneath. 
Federal Aviation Administration

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Oakland, California

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board:

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Oakland, CA
Accident Number: GAA19CA504
Date & Time: 08/04/2019, 1000 PDT
Registration: N58628
Aircraft: Cessna 182
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Abnormal runway contact
Injuries: 3 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal

The pilot reported that, during landing, the airplane bounced multiple times. He added power and reduced the flaps to go around, but the airplane was not climbing more than 25 ft. He waited to see if the situation would improve, but he ran out of runway. He turned right, still unable to climb, reduced power, and landed off airport. The airplane bounced a few times and the nose landing gear collapsed.

He added that it was possible that "putting the flaps up un-incrementally could have prevented" his ability to climb.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the fuselage.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

The airport's automated weather observation station reported that, about 4 minutes after the accident, the wind was from 250° at 7 knots. The pilot landed the airplane on runway 28.

Federal Aviation Administration's Airplane Flying Handbook, FAA-H-8083-3B, contains a section titled "Go-Arounds (Rejected Landings)" which states:

Caution must be used in retracting the flaps. Depending on the airplane's altitude and airspeed, it is wise to retract the flaps intermittently in small increments to allow time for the airplane to accelerate progressively as they are being raised. A sudden and complete retraction of the flaps could cause a loss of lift resulting in the airplane settling into the ground.

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 54, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: BasicMed
Last FAA Medical Exam:
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 04/09/2019
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 1445 hours (Total, all aircraft), 135 hours (Total, this make and model), 1356 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 16.4 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 8.3 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 1.3 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N58628
Model/Series: 182 P
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1973
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 18262186
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection:  Unknown
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2950 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time:
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
ELT: Installed
Engine Model/Series: O-470 SERIES
Registered Owner: Suburban Air Corporation
Rated Power: 235 hp
Operator: Oakland Flyers
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Instrument Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KOAK, 88 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1704 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 247°
Lowest Cloud Condition:
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: Broken / 800 ft agl
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 7 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 250°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 18°C / 14°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Paso Robles, CA (PRB)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: VFR/IFR
Destination: Oakland, CA (OAK)
Type of Clearance: IFR; Traffic Advisory; VFR
Departure Time: 0900 PDT
Type of Airspace: Class C

Airport Information

Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 9 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 28R
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 5458 ft / 150 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Precautionary Landing

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 2 None
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 3 None
Latitude, Longitude: 37.724167, -122.211667 (est)

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