Thursday, February 14, 2019

Loss of Control on Ground: Vans RV-10, N865HB, accident occurred June 26, 2017 at Blairsville Airport (KDZJ), Union County, Georgia

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident.

Additional Participating Entity:

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Atlanta, Georgia

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf


Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms


Aviation Accident Data Summary - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf 
 
http://registry.faa.gov/N865HB


Location: Blairsville, GA
Accident Number: ERA17LA217
Date & Time: 06/26/2017, 1400 EDT
Registration: N865HB
Aircraft: BARNES RICHARD B/HOWE MICHAEL VANS RV 10
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

Analysis 

The airline transport pilot applied takeoff power to complete a touch-and-go landing. The airplane's nose turned right, and the pilot corrected with a left rudder application, but the airplane continued turning right. The pilot reduced engine power and then aborted the takeoff and applied left braking, but the airplane continued to the right, departed the runway, and travelled through a depression in the ground before coming to rest. When the main landing gear (MLG) dropped into the depression, the tail section struck the ground, which substantially damaged the tail structure.

The pilot reported that the "right main tire lost all pressure." Examination of the right MLG wheel revealed that the tire and the inner tube had rotated independently of each other on the rim and that the inner tube valve stem was severed. Based on the available evidence, the investigation could not determine whether the tire was flat before the accident or was caused when the MLG hit the depression.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's loss of directional control upon landing.

Findings

Aircraft
Directional control - Not attained/maintained (Cause)
Tire casing - Fatigue/wear/corrosion

Personnel issues
Incorrect action performance - Pilot (Cause)

History of Flight

Takeoff-rejected takeoff
Loss of control on ground (Defining event)
Attempted remediation/recovery
Runway excursion

Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)

On June 26, 2017, at 1400 eastern daylight time, an experimental amateur-built Vans RV-10, N865HB, was substantially damaged during a runway excursion after landing at Blairsville Airport (DZL), Blairsville, Georgia. The airline transport pilot and a passenger were not injured. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed, and no flight plan was filed for the personal flight, which departed Lumpkin County-Wimpys Airport (9A0), Dahlonega, Georgia about 1345, and was conducted under the provisions of 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91.

According to the pilot, he completed a landing to runway 26, retracted the flaps, and applied takeoff power to complete a touch-and-go landing. The nose turned to the right, the pilot corrected with a left rudder application, but the airplane continued to the right. The pilot reduced engine power, aborted the takeoff, and applied left braking but the airplane continued to the right, departed the runway, and travelled through a "depression" before coming to rest. As the main landing gear dropped into the depression, the tail section struck the ground which substantially damaged the tail structure.

The pilot held airline transport, flight engineer, flight instructor, and private pilot certificates with ratings for airplane single engine, multiengine, and rotorcraft helicopter. His most recent Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) first-class medical certificate was issued May 9, 2017. He reported 21,000 total hours of flight experience of which 100 hours was in the accident airplane make and model.

The four-place, low-wing airplane was manufactured in 2010 and powered by a Lycoming XIO-540D4A5, 260-hp engine. The most recent condition inspection was completed on April 7, 2017 and the airplane had accrued 365 total aircraft hours.

The airplane was configured with a castering nose landing gear and steering was accomplished by asymmetrical braking. The main landing gear was equipped with wheel pants, and according to the pilot, the tires could not be serviced with the wheel pants installed.

At 1400, the weather recorded at Western Carolina Regional Airport (RHP) at 1,696 feet elevation, 21 miles north of DZL, included clear skies, wind from 030° at 3 knots, and visibility 10 statute miles. The temperature was 25°C, and the dew point was 13°C. The altimeter setting was 30.18 inches of mercury.

The airplane was examined at the scene by an FAA aviation safety inspector. Examination revealed that the rudder and the tail structure just forward of the rudder were substantially damaged. The right main landing gear wheel pant was removed, and examination revealed that the tire and the innertube had each rotated independently of each other on the rim, and that the innertube valve stem was severed.

The pilot reported no deficiencies with the handling and performance of the airplane. The only mechanical malfunction/failure cited by the pilot was, "Right main tire lost all pressure."

Pilot Information

Certificate: Airline Transport; Flight Instructor; Flight Engineer; Private
Age: 67, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): Helicopter
Restraint Used: Unknown
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane Single-engine; Instrument Airplane
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 05/04/2017
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 05/09/2017
Flight Time:  21000 hours (Total, all aircraft), 100 hours (Total, this make and model), 15000 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 45 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 24 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 2 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: BARNES RICHARD B/HOWE MICHAEL
Registration: N865HB
Model/Series: VANS RV 10 NO SERIES
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 2010
Amateur Built: Yes
Airworthiness Certificate: Experimental
Serial Number: 40093
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 04/09/2017, Condition
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2700 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 480 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: C91  installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: XIO-540D4A5
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 260 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KRHP, 1696 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 21 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1800 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 17°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 3 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: / None
Wind Direction: 30°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.18 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 25°C / 13°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Dahlonega, GA (9A0)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Blairsville, GA (DZJ)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1345 EDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: BLAIRSVILLE (DZJ)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 1907 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 26
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 5004 ft / 100 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Traffic Pattern 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude: 34.860000, -83.991667 (est)

NTSB Identification: ERA17LA217
14 CFR Part 91: General Aviation
Accident occurred Monday, June 26, 2017 in Blairsville, GA
Aircraft: BARNES RICHARD B/HOWE MICHAEL VANS RV 10, registration: N865HB
Injuries: 2 Uninjured.

This is preliminary information, subject to change, and may contain errors. Any errors in this report will be corrected when the final report has been completed. NTSB investigators may not have traveled in support of this investigation and used data provided by various sources to prepare this aircraft accident report.

On June 26, 2017, at 1400 eastern daylight time, an experimental amateur-built Vans RV-10, N865HB, was substantially damaged during a runway excursion after landing at Blairsville Airport (DZL), Blairsville, Georgia. The airline transport pilot and a passenger were not injured. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed, and no flight plan was filed for the personal flight, which departed Lumpkin County-Wimpys Airport (9A0), Dahlonega, Georgia about 1345 and was conducted under the provisions of 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91.

According to the pilot, he completed a landing to runway 26, retracted the flaps, and applied takeoff power to complete a touch-and-go landing. The nose turned to the right, the pilot corrected with a left rudder application, but the airplane continued to the right. The pilot reduced engine power, aborted the takeoff, and applied left braking but the airplane continued to the right, departed the runway, and travelled through a "depression" before coming to rest. As the main landing gear dropped into the depression, the tail section struck the ground which substantially damaged the tail structure.

The pilot held airline transport, flight engineer, flight instructor, and private pilot certificates with ratings for airplane single engine, multiengine, and rotorcraft helicopter. His most recent Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) first-class medical certificate was issued May 9, 2017. He reported 21,000 total hours of flight experience of which 100 hours was in the accident airplane make and model.

The four-place, low-wing airplane was manufactured in 2010 and powered by a Lycoming XIO-540D4A5, 260-hp engine. The most recent condition inspection was completed on April 7, 2017 and the airplane had accrued 365 total aircraft hours.

The airplane was configured with a castering nose landing gear and steering was accomplished by asymmetrical braking.

At 1400, the weather recorded at Western Carolina Regional Airport (RHP) at 1,696 feet elevation, 21 miles north of DZL, included clear skies, wind from 030° at 3 knots, and visibility 10 statute miles. The temperature was 25°C, and the dew point was 13°C. The altimeter setting was 30.18 inches of mercury.

The airplane was examined at the scene by an FAA aviation safety inspector. Examination revealed that the rudder and the tail structure just forward of the rudder were substantially damaged. The right main landing gear wheel pant was removed, and examination revealed that the tire and the innertube had each rotated independently of each other on the rim, and that the innertube valve stem was severed.

The pilot reported no deficiencies with the handling and performance of the airplane. The only mechanical malfunction/failure cited by the pilot was, "Right main tire lost all pressure."

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