Thursday, February 14, 2019

Landing Gear Not Configured: Cessna 172RG Cutlass RG, N5223V; accident occurred February 13, 2019 at Cobb County International Airport (KRYY), Atlanta, Georgia

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Atlanta, Georgia

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms

https://registry.faa.gov/N5223V

Location: Atlanta, GA
Accident Number: GAA19CA138
Date & Time: 02/13/2019, 1620 EST
Registration: N5223V
Aircraft: Cessna 172RG
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Landing gear not configured
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

Analysis 

The pilot of the retractable-landing gear-equipped airplane reported that, during approach, he noticed the airplane was a little high, so he reduced power to idle and heard an alert horn. He quickly scanned the engine gauges and saw that the manifold pressure gauge was "pegged at the bottom with no indication." He considered conducting a go-around but decided to land and assess the situation on the ground. The pilot landed the airplane with the landing gear retracted.

The pilot added that he did not see the landing gear position light because his iPad, which was sitting on the yoke, blocked his view. He added that, leading up to the approach and landing, the flight was fast paced, and he felt rushed, which attributed to his assumption that he was in his "typical" fixed-landing gear airplane.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the fuselage.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's failure to extend the landing gear before landing. Contributing to the accident were the pilot's inability to see the landing gear position light because his iPad was blocking his view of it and his feeling of being rushed during the approach and landing. 

Findings

Aircraft
Gear extension and retract sys - Not used/operated (Cause)

Personnel issues
Forgotten action/omission - Pilot (Cause)

Stress - Pilot
Confusion - Pilot
Monitoring equip/instruments - Pilot
Stress - Pilot (Cause)

Environmental issues
Visibility - Effect on personnel (Factor)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing
Landing gear not configured (Defining event)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 38, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 08/25/2017
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 08/25/2018
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 243 hours (Total, all aircraft), 17 hours (Total, this make and model), 157 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 37 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 8 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 3 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N5223V
Model/Series: 172RG No Series
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1980
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 172RG0476
Landing Gear Type: Retractable - Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 05/11/2018, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2650 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 6558.2 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-360-F1A6
Registered Owner: Eagle Flight Academy Llc
Rated Power: 180 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KRYY, 1040 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 2148 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 266°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 9 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 280°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.15 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 12°C / -7°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Atlanta, GA (FTY)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Atlanta, GA (RYY)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1548 EST
Type of Airspace: Class D

Airport Information

Airport: COBB COUNTY INTL-MCCOLLUM FIEL (RYY)
Runway Surface Type: Concrete
Airport Elevation: 1040 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 27
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 6295 ft / 100 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Traffic Pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude:  34.013333, -84.593333 (est)

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