Thursday, February 14, 2019

XtremeAir XA42, N342AW: Accident occurred March 01, 2017 at North Palm Beach County Airport (F45), West Palm Beach, Florida

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident.

Additional Participating Entity:

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Miramar, Florida 

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf  


Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms

http://registry.faa.gov/N342AW

Location: West Palm Beach, FL
Accident Number: ERA17LA122
Date & Time: 03/01/2017, 1315 EST
Registration: N342AW
Aircraft: XTREMEAIR GMBH XA42
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of engine power (total)
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under:  Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

On March 1, 2017, about 1315 eastern standard time, an Xtremeair GMBH XA42, N342AW, was substantially damaged during a forced landing after takeoff from North Palm Beach County General Aviation Airport (F45), West Palm Beach, Florida. The airline transport pilot was not injured. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed, and no flight plan was filed for the personal flight that was operated under the provisions of 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91.

According to the pilot, he washed the airplane the day prior to the accident. The accident flight was the first flight of the day, and it had 22 gallons of fuel on board. During takeoff, when the airplane was approximately 150 feet above ground level, the "engine suddenly quit as if the mixture went to idle cutoff." The pilot attempted to restart the engine without success and elected to land the airplane straight ahead in a field. During the landing, the airplane touched down on soft terrain and skidded about 60 feet prior to coming to rest in the upright position. The pilot then egressed from the airplane.

According to Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) records, the two-place, conventional gear, low-wing airplane was manufactured in 2015, and was registered to the pilot at that time. It was powered by a Lycoming AEIO-580 series, 315-horsepower engine. According to the engine maintenance logbook, the most recent condition inspection was completed February 28, 2017, at a total time of 321.5 hours, and "was found to be in a condition for safe flight."

Examination of the airplane by an FAA inspector revealed that the firewall and engine mounts were substantially damaged during the forced landing. Furthermore, all three propeller blade tips were impact damaged.

An examination of the engine revealed that crankshaft continuity was confirmed to the accessory section of the engine. Oil was noted throughout the engine. During the accident sequence, dirt and sand filled the fuel injection servo. The fuel injection servo was removed, disassembled, and fuel was noted in the throttle body. There was no debris in the fuel screen. The spark plugs were removed, and corrosion was noted on them. In addition, they were all light grey in color and exhibited normal wear when compared to the Champion Check-a-Plug chart. The fuel manifold was disassembled, and no fuel was noted inside. The diaphragm was intact, and no anomalies were noted. The engine driven fuel pump was removed and could be rotated by hand. Throughout the examination no water was noted in the engine. Furthermore, the engine had no mechanical failures or anomalies that would have precluded normal operation prior to the accident.

When asked what the pilot thought happened, he stated that he had washed the airplane the day prior to the accident flight, and water might have entered the air intake and fuel injection servo on the engine. Subsequently, the water entered into the fuel system, and "resulted in the loss of power on takeoff."

Pilot Information

Certificate: Airline Transport; Flight Instructor
Age: 41, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Rear
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 5-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane Multi-engine; Airplane Single-engine
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 11/01/2016
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 06/06/2017
Flight Time:  11805 hours (Total, all aircraft), 220 hours (Total, this make and model), 6700 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 180 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 60 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: XTREMEAIR GMBH
Registration: N342AW
Model/Series: XA42 NO SERIES
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 2010
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Experimental
Serial Number: 102
Landing Gear Type: Tailwheel
Seats: 2
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 02/28/2017, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2200 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 280 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: AEIO-580-B1A
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 315 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: PBI, 21 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 12 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1312 EST
Direction from Accident Site: 143°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Thin Broken / 2600 ft agl
Visibility:   10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: Broken / 2600 ft agl
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 10 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: /
Wind Direction: 110°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: /
Altimeter Setting: 30.12 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 27°C / 19°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: West Palm Beach, FL (F45)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: West Palm Beach, FL (F45)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1315 EST
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: NORTH PALM BEACH COUNTY GENERA (F45)
Runway Surface Type: Grass/turf
Airport Elevation: 22 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry; Vegetation
Runway Used: 08L
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 3679 ft / 75 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Forced Landing 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude:  26.842778, -80.231667 (est)

NTSB Identification: ERA17LA122
14 CFR Part 91: General Aviation
Accident occurred Wednesday, March 01, 2017 in West Palm Beach, FL
Aircraft: XTREMEAIR GMBH XA42, registration: N342AW
Injuries: 1 Uninjured.

This is preliminary information, subject to change, and may contain errors. Any errors in this report will be corrected when the final report has been completed. NTSB investigators may not have traveled in support of this investigation and used data provided by various sources to prepare this aircraft accident report.

On March 1, 2017, about 1315 eastern standard time, an Xtremeair GMBH XA42, N342AW, was substantially damaged during a forced landing after takeoff from North Palm Beach County General Aviation Airport (F45), West Palm Beach, Florida. The airline transport pilot was not injured. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed, and no flight plan was filed for the personal flight that was operated under the provisions of 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91.

According to the pilot, the accident flight was the first flight of the day, and the airplane had about 20 gallons of fuel on board. During takeoff, when the airplane was approximately 150 feet above ground level, the "engine suddenly quit as if the mixture went to idle cutoff." The pilot attempted to restart the engine without success and elected to land the airplane straight ahead in a field. During the landing, the airplane touched down on soft terrain and skidded about 60 feet prior to coming to rest in the upright position. The pilot then egressed from the airplane.

According to Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) records, the two-place, conventional gear, low-wing airplane was manufactured in 2015, and was registered to the pilot at that time. It was powered by a Lycoming AEIO-580 series, 315-horsepower engine. According to a photograph, the engine oil filter exhibited a date of February 28, 2017, and a time of 321.5 hours.

Examination of the airplane by an FAA inspector revealed that the firewall and engine mounts were substantially damaged during the forced landing. Furthermore, all three propeller blade tips were impact damaged.

The engine was retained for further examination.

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