Sunday, February 4, 2018

Cessna 172N Skyhawk, N4801D, Boeing Employees Flying Association Inc: Accident occurred December 08, 2017 -and- Accident occurred August 04, 2016 at Paine Field (KPAE), Everett, Snohomish County, Washington

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Seattle, Washington

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms 

Boeing Employees Flying Association Inc

http://registry.faa.gov/N4801D




Location: Everett, WA
Accident Number: GAA18CA078
Date & Time: 12/08/2017, 1500 PST
Registration: N4801D
Aircraft: CESSNA 172
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control in flight
Injuries: 2 None 
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

The pilot reported that, during takeoff following a touch-and-go landing, the engine gauge readings appeared normal, the airplane lifted off the ground about 65 knots, and he applied nose down pressure to stay in ground effect. The pilot reported that the airplane was not showing indications of a climb nor was the airspeed increasing, so he lowered the nose further. He then attempted to climb by pulling back on the yoke and alternately build airspeed by lowering the nose multiple times with negative results. The pilot then reduced power to abort the takeoff. The airplane landed on the remaining runway, overran the end of the runway, and impacted a fence.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the fuselage and both wings.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

The passenger in the right seat provided a video showing the touch-and-go landing from the right seat looking forward through the windscreen. The instrument panel cannot be seen. During the landing, the airplane touched down about 200 feet beyond the approach end of the 3,004 ft. long runway. The pilot applied takeoff power, the airplane lifted off the runway, and continued in level flight in ground effect. The pitch attitude did not appear excessive, the stall warning horn was not audible, and there were no abnormal sounds from the engine. The pilot then reduced power to abort the takeoff. The airplane touched down near the departure end of the runway, and the camera panned downward for the remainder of the video. 

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's decision to abort the takeoff following a touch-and-go landing with too little runway remaining, which resulted in a runway overrun.

Findings

Aircraft
Takeoff distance - Capability exceeded (Cause)

Personnel issues
Decision making/judgment - Pilot (Cause)

Environmental issues
Fence/fence post - Contributed to outcome

Factual Information

History of Flight

Takeoff
Miscellaneous/other

Takeoff-rejected takeoff
Runway excursion
Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 23, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s):  None
Restraint Used: 4-point
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 12/27/2013
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:  10/06/2017
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 72 hours (Total, all aircraft), 10 hours (Total, this make and model), 13 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 7 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft) 




Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: CESSNA
Registration: N4801D
Model/Series: 172 N
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1979
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 17272362
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 12/01/2017, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2300 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 11038.7 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: LYCOMING
ELT: C91  installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-320 SERIES
Registered Owner: BOEING EMPLOYEES FLYING ASSOCIATION INC
Rated Power: 160 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KPAE, 606 ft msl
Observation Time: 2253 UTC
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Direction from Accident Site: 68°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Temperature/Dew Point: 6°C / 0°C
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility:  10 Miles
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: 4 knots, 330°
Visibility (RVR):
Altimeter Setting: 30.46 inches Hg
Visibility (RVV): 
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Everett, WA (PAE)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Everett, WA (PAE)
Type of Clearance: VFR
Departure Time: 1400 PST
Type of Airspace: Class D

Airport Information

Airport: SNOHOMISH COUNTY (PAINE FLD) (PAE)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 607 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 16L
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 3004 ft / 75 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Straight-in; Touch and Go 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude: 47.907778, -122.280833 (est)

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:  https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms

Location: Everett, WA
Accident Number: GAA16CA417
Date & Time: 08/03/2016, 2124 PDT
Registration: N4801D
Aircraft: CESSNA 172
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Airport occurrence
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal

Analysis


After a local flight, the pilot reported that while taxing in the non-movement area at night he made a left turn and impacted a building door with the left wing.
The airplane sustained substantial damage to the left wing.

The pilot reported that there were no preimpact mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airframe or engine that would have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings


The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's failure to maintain clearance from the building door, which resulted in substantial damage to the left wing.

Findings

Personnel issues
Monitoring environment - Pilot (Cause)

Environmental issues
Airport structure - Effect on operation (Cause)

Dark - Effect on personnel

Factual Information

History of Flight


Taxi

Airport occurrence (Defining event)
Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)
  
Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 57, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:  
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 04/01/2016
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 06/22/2016
Flight Time: (Estimated) 415 hours (Total, all aircraft), 350 hours (Total, this make and model), 415 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 15 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 8 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 3.8 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)
  
Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: CESSNA
Registration: N4801D
Model/Series: 172 N
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 17272362
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 06/01/2016, 100 Hour
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2400 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection: 
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 10645.1 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: LYCOMING
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-320-D2J
Registered Owner: BOEING EMPLOYEES FLYING ASSOCIATION INC
Rated Power: 160 lbs
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Night
Observation Facility, Elevation: KPAE, 606 ft msl
Observation Time: 0353 UTC
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Direction from Accident Site: 20°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Temperature/Dew Point: 18°C / 12°C
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility:  10 Miles
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: Calm
Visibility (RVR): 
Altimeter Setting: 30.19 inches Hg
Visibility (RVV): 
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: RENTON, WA (RNT)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Everett, WA (PAE)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 2045 PDT
Type of Airspace: Class D

Airport Information

Airport: SNOHOMISH COUNTY (PAINE FLD) (PAE)
Runway Surface Type: N/A
Airport Elevation: 607 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: N/A
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 
VFR Approach/Landing: None

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 47.902500, -122.283056 (est)

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