Sunday, February 4, 2018

Cessna 172S Skyhawk, N452ER: Accident occurred November 26, 2017 at Daytona Beach International Airport (KDAB), Volusia County, Florida

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Orlando, Florida

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board:

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Daytona Beach, FL
Accident Number: GAA18CA080
Date & Time: 11/26/2017, 1507 EST
Registration: N452ER
Aircraft: CESSNA 172
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Hard landing
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional 

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's improper landing flare, which resulted in a hard, bounced landing.


Landing flare - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Pilot (Cause)

Factual Information

History of Flight


Hard landing (Defining event)


The director of aviation safety at the flight school reported that, the airplane received substantial damage to the fuselage after a hard landing. The airplane, four days prior to finding the damage, had been used by the accident pilot for a flight towards his commercial training. After completing the training flight, no discrepancies were declared.

The flight data management (FDM) from the airplane showed that, the airplane landed flat on the runway, which resulted in subsequent bounces.

The director of aviation safety at the flight school reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

The automated weather observation system at the accident airport reported, about the time of the accident, the wind was from 280° at 3 knots. The pilot landed on runway 25R.

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age:  28, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 05/01/2013
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 09/26/2017
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 193 hours (Total, all aircraft), 185 hours (Total, this make and model), 75 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 24 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 20 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: CESSNA
Registration: N452ER
Model/Series: 172 S
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 2015
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal; Utility
Serial Number: 172S11586
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 3
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 11/08/2017, Continuous Airworthiness
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2550 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 2354.8 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer:  LYCOMING
ELT: C126 installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: IO-360-L2A
Rated Power:  180 hp
Operating Certificate(s) Held: Pilot School (141)
Operator Does Business As:
Operator Designator Code: RDDL 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation:  KDAB, 41 ft msl
Observation Time:
Distance from Accident Site: 1 Nautical Miles
Direction from Accident Site: 77°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Few / 2500 ft agl
Temperature/Dew Point: 23°C / 7°C
Lowest Ceiling:
Visibility:  10 Miles
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction:  3 knots, 280°
Visibility (RVR):
Altimeter Setting: 30.03 inches Hg
Visibility (RVV):
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: TALLAHASSEE, FL (TLH)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: VFR
Destination: Daytona Beach, FL (DAB)
Type of Clearance: VFR
Departure Time: 1300 EST
Type of Airspace: Class C 

Airport Information

Runway Surface Type: Asphalt; Concrete
Airport Elevation: 34 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 25R
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 10500 ft / 150 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Straight-in 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude:  29.180833, -81.059167 (est)

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