Thursday, July 14, 2022

Hard Landing: Cessna 182J, N8585S; accident occurred March 15, 2022 at Omar N. Bradley Airport (KMBY), Moberly, Randolph County, Missouri

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident. 

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Kansas City, Missouri

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Moberly, Missouri 
Accident Number: CEN22LA148
Date and Time: March 15, 2022, 15:00 Local
Registration: N8585S
Aircraft: Cessna 182
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Hard landing 
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General aviation - Instructional


The solo student pilot reported that, during touchdown, the airplane bounced twice before he added power, and landed without further incident. A postaccident examination revealed the underside of the fuselage sustained substantial damage. The student pilot reported that there were no preimpact mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airframe or engine that would have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The student pilot's improper landing flare, which resulted in a bounced hard landing.


Personnel issues Aircraft control - Student/instructed pilot
Aircraft Landing flare - Not attained/maintained
Personnel issues Decision making/judgment - Student/instructed pilot

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing-flare/touchdown Hard landing (Defining event)

Student pilot Information

Certificate: Student 
Age: 36, Male
Airplane Rating(s): None 
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: Lap only
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed:
Medical Certification: Class 3 Without waivers/limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: December 14, 2021
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: March 15, 2022
Flight Time: 36 hours (Total, all aircraft), 27 hours (Total, this make and model), 2 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 27 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 3 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna 
Registration: N8585S
Model/Series: 182 J 
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1965
Amateur Built:
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal 
Serial Number: 18256685
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: December 17, 2021 Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2800 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection: 
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 4693.73 Hrs at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Continental Motors
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-470 -R
Registered Owner: 
Rated Power: 230 Horsepower
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None
Operator Does Business As: None
Operator Designator Code: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual (VMC)
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KMBY, 867 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 14:55 Local 
Direction from Accident Site: 110°
Lowest Cloud Condition: 
Visibility: 10 miles
Lowest Ceiling: Broken / 4900 ft AGL
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.14 inches Hg 
Temperature/Dew Point: 18°C / 5°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Moberly, MO 
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Moberly, MO 
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: Omar N. Bradley Airport MBY
Runway Surface Type: Concrete
Airport Elevation: 867 ft msl
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 31 
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 5000 ft / 75 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full stop; Traffic pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None 
Latitude, Longitude: 39.464394,-92.428394 (est)


  1. What CFI would solo a student pilot @ 36.0 hrs. total flight time??? This tells the whole story.

  2. I guess this CFI would, depending on the circumstances...what is it that you are proffering, too much time or too little? I have solo'd students with more and with less. Its kinda like when Joe Biden was asked if he wears boxers or briefs. He said "depends"