Wednesday, March 04, 2020

Loss of Engine Power (Total): Cessna 152, N95550; accident occurred December 16, 2017 near Oasis Ranger Station – US Government Airport (9FL7), Everglades City, Florida

View of airplane at rest.
Federal Aviation Administration

Left side view of airplane.
Federal Aviation Administration

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident.

Additional Participating Entity:

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Miramar, Florida

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board:

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Everglades City, FL
Accident Number: ERA18LA050
Date & Time: 12/16/2017, 1320 EST
Registration: N95550
Aircraft: CESSNA 152
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of engine power (total)
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

On December 16, 2017, about 1320 eastern standard time, a Cessna 152, N95550, experienced a total loss of engine power and impacted terrain prior to the runway at Oasis Ranger Station – US Government Airport (9FL7), Everglades City, Florida. The airplane was substantially damaged, and the two private pilots were not injured. The airplane was registered to and operated by Flying Academy Miami as a Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91 personal flight. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed at the time of the accident and no flight plan was filed for the flight. The flight originated at Miami Executive Airport (TMB), Miami, Florida, and was destined for Venice Municipal Airport (VNC), Venice, Florida.

According to the pilot flying, they departed TMB with about 26 gallons of fuel and climbed to a cruise altitude of 4,500 ft mean sea level (msl). He reduced engine power, leaned the mixture, and approximately 5 minutes later, the engine lost total power. He declared an emergency and elected to try to land at 9FL7, which was nearby, and began attempting to restart the engine. The airplane continued to descend, they entered the base leg of the traffic pattern, and he "secured the cockpit for landing," by leaning the mixture, pulling the throttle fully aft, turning the carburetor heat and the electrical equipment off. According to the pilot not flying, while on final approach to the runway, they unsuccessfully attempted to restart the engine "one last time," but the propeller "only spun three times and then stopped." While on short final, the airplane struck an airport perimeter fence prior to impacting the ground just short of the runway.

The airplane came to rest upright in a grassy area. An examination of the airplane revealed that the fuselage was wrinkled and substantially damaged.

According to Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) records, the airplane was issued an airworthiness certificate in 1984, and registered to the corporation in 2016. It was equipped with a Lycoming O-235-L2C, a 110-hp, engine. According to the engine maintenance logbook, the most recent 100-hour inspection was completed on November 24, 2017, at a total time of 10,264.5 hours, and a tach time of 1899.3 hours. The most recent work on the carburetor occurred on July 4, 2017, when it was replaced at a tach time of 1747.7 hours. No other entries or remarks were in the maintenance logs associated with the carburetor. The tachometer time at the time of the accident was 1930.5 hours.

An examination of the engine by a National Transportation Safety Board investigator revealed that it remained attached to the airframe. Suction and compression were confirmed on all the cylinders and the spark plugs exhibited normal wear when compared to the Champion Check-A-Plug Chart. The throttle linkage remained secure to the carburetor. The mixture control was manipulated, and the cable moved, but the mixture arm on the carburetor did not move. The fiber locking nut that attached the mixture cable to the mixture arm was tightened and then the mixture cable and arm moved without anomaly. The airplane was secured to a trailer, fuel was plumbed into to the carburetor, and the engine was started. It ran smoothly, the engine power was increased with the throttle until an increase in RPM was noted, and then the engine was shutdown. 

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 18, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 10/04/2017
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time: 29.9 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft)

Pilot-Rated Passenger Information

Certificate: Foreign; Private
Age: 21, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 10/04/2017
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time:

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: CESSNA
Registration: N95550
Model/Series: 152 NO SERIES
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1984
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Utility
Serial Number: 15285918
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 2
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 11/24/2017, 100 Hour
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 1669 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection: 31 Hours
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 10264.5 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: LYCOMING
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-235-L2C
Registered Owner: Flying Academy Miami
Rated Power: 110 hp
Operator: Flying Academy Miami
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: TMB, 10 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 35 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1253 EST
Direction from Accident Site: 112°
Lowest Cloud Condition:Clear 
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 5 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual:
Wind Direction: 100°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual:
Altimeter Setting: 30.16 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 27°C / 16°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: MIAMI, FL (TMB)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: VENICE, FL (VNC)
Type of Clearance:Unknown 
Departure Time: 1300 EDT
Type of Airspace: 

Airport Information

Runway Surface Type: Gravel
Airport Elevation: 10 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry; Vegetation
Runway Used: 18
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 2060 ft / 150 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Forced Landing

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 2 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude: 25.863611, -81.034722 (est)

No comments:

Post a Comment