Monday, November 11, 2019

Nose Over: Cessna 172, N4001F; accident occurred September 30, 2018 at Somerset County Airport (2G9), Friedens, Pennsylvania

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident.

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Allentown, Pennsylvania

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board:

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Somerset, PA
Accident Number:ERA18TA266 
Date & Time: 09/30/2018, 1420 EDT
Registration: N4001F
Aircraft: Cessna 172
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Nose over/nose down
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

On September 30, 2018, about 1420 eastern daylight time, a Cessna 172, N4001F, was substantially damaged after it overran the runway while landing at Somerset County Airport (2G9), Somerset, Pennsylvania. The commercial pilot was not injured. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed, and no flight plan was filed for the local flight, which originated around 1215. The personal flight was conducted under the provisions of Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91.

According to the pilot, he was practicing touch-and-go landings during the airplane's first flight since its annual inspection. He then departed the airport, flew locally for about 1.5 hours, and returned to the airport to land on runway 25. He noted a 6 knot left crosswind, and while on final approach, he reduced the engine power to perform the landing. When the airplane was at the end of the 5,000 ft-long runway, the pilot knew that it was traveling too fast to stop prior to the end of the runway, but not fast enough to abort the landing. The airplane continued off the end of the runway, down an embankment, and came to rest inverted about 150 ft from the end of the runway.

During the accident sequence, the airplane sustained substantial damage to the forward section of the fuselage and the vertical stabilizer.

During a telephone interview, the pilot reported that when doing a full stop landing, he lands further down the runway since his hangar is at the far end of the runway.

The 1415 recorded weather observation at the 2G9 included wind from 140° at 6 knots, visibility 10 statute miles, clear skies, temperature 20° C, dew point 11° C; barometric altimeter 30.31 inches of mercury.

A Federal Aviation Administration inspector examined the brakes after the accident revealed that no anomalies were noted. In addition, the pilot reported that there were no mechanical failures or malfunctions of the airplane prior to the accident that would have precluded normal operation.

Pilot Information

Certificate: Commercial; Private
Age: 68, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Unknown
Other Aircraft Rating(s): Balloon
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: BasicMed None
Last FAA Medical Exam: 07/06/2017
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time: 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N4001F
Model/Series: 172 Undesignated
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1958
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 36901
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 09/21/2018, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2299 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection: 2 Hours
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 3458 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
ELT: C91 installed, activated, did not aid in locating accident
Engine Model/Series: O-300-A
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 145 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: 2G9, 2275 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 19 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1415 EDT
Direction from Accident Site: 27°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 6 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual:
Wind Direction: 140°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual:
Altimeter Setting: 30.31 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 20°C / 11°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Somerset, PA (2G9)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Somerset, PA (2G9)
Type of Clearance: VFR
Departure Time: 1215 EDT
Type of Airspace:

Airport Information

Airport: Somerset County (2G9)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 2275 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 25
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 5002 ft / 75 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Traffic Pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 40.034444, -79.023889 (est)

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