Monday, November 11, 2019

Landing Gear Not Configured: Diamond DA42 NG, N805PA; accident occurred July 10, 2019 at Palatka Municipal Airport - Lt. Kay Larkin Field (28J), Putnam County, Florida

View of the airplane on the runway with the gear up. 

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Orlando, Florida

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board:

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Palatka, FL

Accident Number: GAA19CA466
Date & Time: 07/10/2019, 1200 EDT
Registration: N805PA
Aircraft: Diamond DA 42 NG
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Landing gear not configured
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional


The flight instructor in the retractable, landing gear-equipped airplane reported that the pilot receiving instruction was on the controls and that he told the instructor that he was feeling some motion sickness due to light turbulence in the pattern; the pilot corroborated the instructor's statement and stated that he was also fatigued. The instructor reported that, during their discussion, they became distracted and did not configure the airplane for landing; the pilot reported that they did not complete the landing checklist. Subsequently, the airplane landed with the landing gear retracted.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to both engine gear boxes.

The instructor reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation. 

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot receiving instruction failure to extend the landing gear and the flight instructor's failure to verify that the landing gear was extended due to distraction, which resulted in a gear-up landing.


Gear extension and retract sys - Not used/operated (Cause)

Personnel issues
Task monitoring/vigilance - Student pilot (Cause)
Delayed action - Instructor/check pilot (Cause)
Use of equip/system - Student pilot (Cause)
Attention - Student pilot (Cause)
Attention - Instructor/check pilot (Cause)
Use of checklist - Student pilot

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing gear not configured (Defining event)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Commercial
Age: 21, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s):None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 05/03/2016
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 03/30/2019
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 233 hours (Total, all aircraft), 18 hours (Total, this make and model), 148 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 18 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 4 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft) 

Flight Instructor Information

Certificate: Flight Instructor; Commercial
Age: 28, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Sea; Single-engine Sea
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane Multi-engine; Airplane Single-engine; Instrument Airplane
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 10/30/2018
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 11/16/2018
Flight Time:   (Estimated) 2700 hours (Total, all aircraft), 1119 hours (Total, this make and model), 2595 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 283 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 49 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 6 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Diamond
Registration: N805PA
Model/Series: DA 42 NG Undesignated
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 2008
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 42.321
Landing Gear Type: Retractable - Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 05/30/2019, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 4189 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 2 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 6285.2 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Astro
ELT: C91 installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: E4-B
Registered Owner: Bravo Leasing Llc
Rated Power: 167 hp
Operator: Phoenix East Aviation
Operating Certificate(s) Held: Pilot School (141) 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: K28J, 47 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1615 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 0°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Few / 2800 ft agl
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling:
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 7 knots / 14 knots
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 180°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 31°C / 24°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Daytona Beach, FL (DAB)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Palatka, FL (28J)
Type of Clearance: VFR
Departure Time: 1000 EDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: Palatka Muni - Lt Kay Larkin F (28J)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 47 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 17
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 3510 ft / 75 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Traffic Pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 2 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude: 29.658333, -81.689444 (est)

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