Monday, November 11, 2019

Aerodynamic Stall: Cessna 182B, N2467G; accident occurred July 11, 2019 at Lincoln Municipal Airport (0R2), Benton County, Missouri

View of airplane with collapsed nose landing gear. 
Federal Aviation Administration 

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Kansas City, Missouri 

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board:

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Lincoln, MO
Accident Number: GAA19CA406
Date & Time: 07/11/2019, 1130 CDT
Registration: N2467G
Aircraft: Cessna 182
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Aerodynamic stall/spin
Injuries: 4 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal


The pilot reported that, during landing with 40° flaps, he reduced power and began the flare. He added that he heard the stall warning horn and felt a buffet and then the airplane "pitched down [then] straight back to flare." He said the airplane was "high and slow," and it landed hard. The nose landing gear collapsed, and the airplane bounced and then slid to a stop.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the engine mounts.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation. 

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's exceedance of the airplane's critical angle of attack during landing, which resulted in an aerodynamic stall and a subsequent hard landing.


Angle of attack - Capability exceeded (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Pilot (Cause)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Aerodynamic stall/spin (Defining event)
Hard landing

Landing gear collapse

Pilot Information

Certificate: Flight Instructor; Commercial; Private
Age: 53, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Unknown
Other Aircraft Rating(s): Glider
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): Glider
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 07/17/2016
Occupational Pilot:
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 04/23/2018
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 1533 hours (Total, all aircraft), 110 hours (Total, this make and model), 1448 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 6 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 3.4 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N2467G
Model/Series: 182 B
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1959
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 51767
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 11/03/2018, Unknown
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2650 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 3552.9 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
ELT: Installed
Engine Model/Series: O-470 SERIES
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 230 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KRAW, 936 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 3 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1635 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 190°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Scattered / 3600 ft agl
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling:
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 11 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 340°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.06 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point:
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Warrensburg, MO (RCM)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Lincoln, MO (0R2)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1100 CDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: LINCOLN MUNI (0R2)
Runway Surface Type: Grass/turf
Airport Elevation: 940 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 36
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 2940 ft / 125 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Traffic Pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 3 None
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 4 None
Latitude, Longitude: 38.400556, -93.332500 (est)

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