Sunday, May 05, 2019

Loss of Control on Ground: Cessna 188B AGwagon, N685JM; accident occurred October 08, 2018 at Rolla Downtown Airport (K07), Phelps County, Missouri

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; St. Louis, Missouri

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board:

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Rolla, MO

Accident Number: GAA19CA008
Date & Time: 10/08/2018, 1738 CDT
Registration: N685JM
Aircraft: Cessna 188
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground
Injuries: 1 Minor
Flight Conducted Under: Part 137: Agricultural 


The pilot of the tailwheel-equipped airplane reported that, during takeoff, the airplane veered left, exited the runway, and impacted trees. 

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the left wing.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

According to a Federal Aviation Administration inspector, the pilot did not have a current biannual flight review nor a current medical certificate, and the airplane was not airworthy. 

The pilot stated that, during takeoff, the wind was gusting. The automated weather observation station located about 12 nautical miles from the airport reported that, about the time of the accident, the wind was from 140° at 7 knots. The airplane departed from runway 27. 

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's failure to maintain directional control during takeoff in a left quartering tailwind. 


Directional control - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Pilot (Cause)

Environmental issues
Tailwind - Effect on operation
Tree(s) - Contributed to outcome

Factual Information

History of Flight

Loss of control on ground (Defining event)
Runway excursion
Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Commercial
Age: 67, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Single
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: Unknown
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 05/01/1999
Occupational Pilot:
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time: (Estimated) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N685JM
Model/Series: 188 B
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1974
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Restricted
Serial Number: 18801992
Landing Gear Type: Tailwheel
Seats: 1
Date/Type of Last Inspection:  Unknown
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 3300 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time:
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
Engine Model/Series: O-470 SERIES
Registered Owner: Ballard Aviation
Rated Power:
Operator: Ballard Aviation
Operating Certificate(s) Held:  Agricultural Aircraft (137) 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KVIH, 1110 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 12 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 2253 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 11°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 7 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 140°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 29.98 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 26°C / 19°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Rolla, MO (K07)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time:  CDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 987 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 27
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 3028 ft / 38 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: None

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 Minor
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 Minor
Latitude, Longitude: 37.935556, -91.813611 (est)

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