Sunday, May 5, 2019

Nose Over: Aviat A-1C-200 Husky, N93WY; accident occurred November 03, 2018 at Red Creek Airstrip, Yavapai County, Arizona

Red Creek Airstrip: http://azpilots.org/pdf 

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Scottsdale, Arizona

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board:https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms

https://registry.faa.gov/N93WY

Location: Red Creek, AZ
Accident Number: GAA19CA057
Date & Time: 11/03/2018, 1645 MST
Registration: N93WY
Aircraft: AVIAT A1
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Nose over/nose down
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

Analysis 

The pilot of the tailwheel-equipped airplane reported that, during landing on a dirt airstrip in calm winds, the airplane decelerated, but its tail would not lower. He thought it might have been due to slightly hard braking, so he released the brakes, and the airplane nosed over.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the left wing.

About 2 years before the accident, the Arizona Pilot's Association and The Recreational Aviation Foundation issued a pamphlet about the accident airport. It stated that the airport had multiple hazards, including varying surface conditions and hard and soft areas. It also stated to use "at your own risk" and "injury and loss of aircraft are possible." 

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's improper brake application during landing on a soft, dirt airstrip, which resulted in a nose-over.

Findings

Aircraft
Brake - Incorrect use/operation (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Pilot (Cause)

Environmental issues
Soft surface - Effect on operation (Cause)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing
Miscellaneous/other
Nose over/nose down (Defining event)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 46, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Front
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 11/07/2016
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 11/16/2017
Flight Time: (Estimated)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: AVIAT
Registration: N93WY
Model/Series: A1 C-200 
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 2012
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 3153
Landing Gear Type: Tailwheel
Seats: 2
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 05/25/2018, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.:
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 120.35 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: C91A installed, activated, did not aid in locating accident
Engine Model/Series: IO-360-A1D6
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 200 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KDVT, 1455 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 33 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 2353 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 212°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 5 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 210°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 29.93 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 25°C / 4°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Peoria, AZ (P48)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Red Creek, AZ
Type of Clearance: VFR
Departure Time:  MST
Type of Airspace: Class G

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude: 34.160278, -111.725833 (est)

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