Sunday, May 05, 2019

Nose Over: Cessna 140A, N1160D; accident occurred August 04, 2018 at South Jersey Regional Airport (KVAY), Lumberton, Burlington County, New Jersey

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board:

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Aviation Accident Data Summary - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Mount Holly, NJ
Accident Number: GAA18CA472
Date & Time: 08/04/2018, 1600 EDT
Registration: N1160D
Aircraft: Cessna 140
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Nose over/nose down
Injuries: 1 Minor
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 


The pilot in the tailwheel-equipped airplane reported that, during landing, the airplane ballooned and then touched down on the left side of the runway centerline and exited the left side of the runway. The pilot braked hard in the grass safety area to avoid colliding with an airplane on a nearby taxiway, and the airplane subsequently nosed over.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the vertical stabilizer and the rudder.

The pilot reported that the accident was a result of pilot error.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's improper landing flare, which resulted in the airplane ballooning upon landing, and his subsequent loss of directional control and excessive brake application. 


Directional control - Not attained/maintained (Cause)
Landing gear brakes system - Incorrect use/operation (Cause)
Landing flare - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Pilot (Cause)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing-landing roll
Abnormal runway contact

Runway excursion
Nose over/nose down (Defining event)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 52, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 5-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: Yes
Medical Certification: Class 3 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 12/18/2017
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 04/21/2018
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 483 hours (Total, all aircraft), 28 hours (Total, this make and model), 369 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 43 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 6 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 1 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N1160D
Model/Series: 140 A
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1951
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 15723
Landing Gear Type: Tailwheel
Seats: 2
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 06/20/2018, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 1022 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 1161.3 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
ELT:  C91A installed, activated, did not aid in locating accident
Engine Model/Series: C90-14-F
Registered Owner: Saratoga N41847 Llc
Rated Power: 90 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KVAY, 53 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 2054 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 25°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Few / 4800 ft agl
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: 
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 8 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: /
Wind Direction: 260°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: /
Altimeter Setting: 30.06 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 31°C / 21°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Mount Holly, NJ (VAY)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Mount Holly, NJ (VAY)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1530 EDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: South Jersey Rgnl (VAY)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 52 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 26
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 3881 ft / 50 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Traffic Pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 Minor
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 Minor
Latitude, Longitude:  39.942778, -74.845833 (est)

No comments:

Post a Comment