Sunday, May 5, 2019

Loss of Control on Ground: Piper PA-32-300, N41AL, accident occurred June 18, 2018 at Columbia Metropolitan Airport (KCAE), Lexington County, South Carolina

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Columbia, South Carolina

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf


Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms


Aviation Accident Data Summary - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

http://registry.faa.gov/N41AL

Location: Columbia, SC
Accident Number: GAA18CA368
Date & Time: 06/18/2018, 1720 EDT
Registration: N41AL
Aircraft: PIPER PA 32-300
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

Analysis 

The pilot reported that he landed the airplane right of the runway centerline. The airplane then veered off the runway to the left, the propeller struck the ground, and the nosewheel separated.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the lower firewall mating the lower engine mount.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's failure to maintain directional control during landing. 

Findings

Aircraft
Directional control - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Pilot (Cause)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing-landing roll
Miscellaneous/other
Runway excursion
Loss of control on ground (Defining event)
Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)
Part(s) separation from AC

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 28, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied:
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 10/01/2016
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time:

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: PIPER
Registration: N41AL
Model/Series: PA 32-300
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1972
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 32-7240107
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 6
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 3400 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time:
Engine Manufacturer: LYCOMING
ELT: 
Engine Model/Series: IO-540-K1A5
Registered Owner: SPAIN'S PLANES LLC
Rated Power: 300 hp
Operator: SPAIN'S PLANES LLC
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KCAE, 225 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 2156 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 21°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Scattered / 6000 ft agl
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling:
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 7 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 210°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 36°C / 21°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Columbia, SC (CAE)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: VFR
Destination: COLUMBIA, SC (CAE)
Type of Clearance: VFR
Departure Time:  EDT
Type of Airspace:Class C 

Airport Information

Airport: COLUMBIA METROPOLITAN (CAE)
Runway Surface Type: Concrete
Airport Elevation: 236 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 29
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 8601 ft / 150 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Straight-in

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 33.938889, -81.119444 (est)

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