Saturday, March 16, 2019

Cessna 150J, N50609: Accident occurred October 18, 2017 near Willmar Municipal Airport (KBDH), Kandiyohi County, Minnesota

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident.

Additional Participating Entity:

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Minneapolis, Minnesota

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board:

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Willmar, MN
Accident Number: CEN18LA015
Date & Time: 10/18/2017, 1045 CDT
Registration: N50609
Aircraft: CESSNA 150J
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control in flight
Injuries: 1 Minor, 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional 

On October 18, 2017, at 1045 central daylight time, a Cessna 150J airplane, N50609, nosed over during a forced landing in Willmar, Minnesota. The flight instructor received minor injuries and the private pilot was not injured. The airplane received substantial damage to the wings and fuselage. The airplane was registered to an individual and was operated as a Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91 instructional flight. Visual flight rules conditions existed near the accident site at the time of the accident, and a flight plan had not been filed. The local flight had departed from the Willmar Municipal Airport (BDH), at the time of the accident.

The purpose of the flight was a flight review for the private pilot. The flight instructor stated they checked the magnetos and carburetor heat during the engine runup, at 1,500 rpm, and both functioned normally. They initiated the takeoff on runway 21 (2,980 ft long, turf) which they stated was damp and soft from recent rain. The private pilot initiated the takeoff and stated that the airplane seemed slow to accelerate. The flight instructor reported he felt the nose "dive" a couple times, so he instructed the private pilot to increase back pressure and get the airplane in ground effect because of the soft runway. The private pilot stated the flight instructor took control of the airplane and lifted it off the runway. The airplane became airborne about 2,000 ft down the 3,000 ft long runway. The flight instructor stated he lowered the nose in ground effect to gain airspeed, but the airplane did not accelerate, and it was nearing an aerodynamic stall.

The flight instructor stated there was a road and a field on which to land. He turned the airplane, but had to level off because he was concerned the airplane was going to stall. He stated that during the forced landing in a plowed field, he flared too high, and the airplane contacted the terrain hard on the main gear. The nose gear dug into the soft terrain, collapsed and the airplane then nosed over.

The flight instructor did not notice the tachometer, but he reported that the private pilot stated the rpm never increased above 1,900.

A postaccident examination and test run of the engine was conducted. The engine started without hesitation on the first attempt. The engine ran smoothly at various power settings and ultimately at full throttle which produced 2,764 rpm. 

Flight Instructor Information

Certificate: Flight Instructor; Commercial
Age: 41, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: Lap Only
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present:
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane Multi-engine; Airplane Single-engine; Instrument Airplane
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 11/16/2016
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 12/02/2015
Flight Time: 6300 hours (Total, all aircraft), 150 hours (Total, this make and model), 6100 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 50 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 15 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 62, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: Lap Only
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present:
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 05/04/2017
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 11/14/2015
Flight Time:  883 hours (Total, all aircraft), 10 hours (Total, this make and model), 843 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 8 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: CESSNA
Registration: N50609
Model/Series: 150J
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1968
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 15069430
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 05/21/2017, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 1601 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 3635.43 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: CONT MOTOR
Engine Model/Series: O-200-A
Registered Owner: ASCHE TODD MICHAEL
Rated Power: 100 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: BDH, 1125 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 1 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1055 CDT
Direction from Accident Site: 30°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 8 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: /
Wind Direction: 300°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: /
Altimeter Setting: 29.83 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 17°C / 8°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Willmar, MN (BDH)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Willmar, MN (BDH)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time:1045 CDT 
Type of Airspace:

Airport Information

Airport: Willmar Municipal Airport (BDH)
Runway Surface Type: Grass/turf
Airport Elevation: 1125 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Wet
Runway Used: 21
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 2980 ft / 250 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Forced Landing

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 Minor, 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 Minor, 1 None
Latitude, Longitude:  45.110000, -95.129444 (est)

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