Tuesday, February 26, 2019

Loss of Control on Ground: Piper PA-32-260, N3708W, accident occurred February 14, 2019 at Marshall County Airport (C75), Lacon, Illinois

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Springfield, Illinois

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms


Location: Lacon, IL

Accident Number: GAA19CA145
Date & Time: 02/14/2019, 1400 CST
Registration: N3708W
Aircraft: Piper PA32
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground
Injuries:1 None 
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal


The pilot reported that, during landing after a go-around, the airplane touched down about 5 ft left of the runway centerline and veered left. He corrected with opposite rudder and aileron, but the airplane continued left, exited the runway, and impacted a snowbank.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the left wing.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

The airport's automated weather observation station reported that, about the time of the accident, the wind was from 210° at 11 knots. The pilot reported that the wind was from 220° at 9 knots, gusting to 14 knots. The pilot landed the airplane on runway 13.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's failure to maintain directional control during landing with gusting crosswind conditions, which resulted in a subsequent impact with a snowbank.


Directional control - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Pilot (Cause)

Environmental issues
Crosswind - Effect on operation
Gusts - Effect on operation

Factual Information

History of Flight

Loss of control on ground (Defining event)
Attempted remediation/recovery
Runway excursion
Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 44, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: Lap Only
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 01/09/2019
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 10/29/2018
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 159 hours (Total, all aircraft), 29 hours (Total, this make and model), 57 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 29 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 1 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Piper
Registration: N3708W
Model/Series: PA32 260
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1966
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 32-621
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 6
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 06/08/2018, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 3400 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines:  1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 3306 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-540 SERIES
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 260 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KC75, 568 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time:1735 UTC 
Direction from Accident Site:311° 
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 11 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 210°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 29.54 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 9°C / 2°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Lacon, IL (C75)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Lacon, IL (C75)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1340 CST
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 584 ft
Runway Surface Condition:Wet 
Runway Used: 13
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 4003 ft / 75 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Traffic Pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 41.018889, -89.385833 (est)

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