Tuesday, February 26, 2019

Loss of Control in Flight: Mooney M20J, N201AZ, accident occurred February 22, 2019 at Ridgeland-Claude Dean Airport (3J1), Jasper County, South Carolina

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; West Columbia, South Carolina

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms


Location: Ridgeland, SC
Accident Number: GAA19CA144
Date & Time: 02/22/2019, 1530 EST
Registration: N201AZ
Aircraft: Mooney M20J
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control in flight
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional 


The flight instructor in the retractable-landing gear airplane reported that, during final with student at the controls, there were no abnormal weather conditions, but as the airplane passed over the runway threshold, the airplane encountered "severe wind shear" that he believed to be a "microburst." The airplane then pitched up, rolled left, and the instructor and student added full power to go around. During the attempted go-around, the instructor took control of the airplane with the landing gear down, full flaps, and the propeller full forward. He added that the airplane "simply" did not have enough performance to climb. Subsequently, the airplane drifted left of the runway and impacted a gravel hill.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the fuselage and right wing.

The flight instructor reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

An automated weather observation system about 14 nautical miles from the airport reported that, about the time of the accident, the wind was variable at 3 knots, temperature 73°F, dew point 68°F, altimeter 30.14 inches of mercury, and few clouds at 500 ft. The airplane landed on runway 3. The pilot reported that the weather at the airport was wind light and variable, visibility 10 miles, and few clouds at 2,000 ft. The instructor reported the wind as calm to light and variable, visibility 10 miles, and few clouds at 5,000 ft.

The instructor further reported that, during the go-around, the airplane's configuration with full flaps for landing was not changed. The airplane's Pilot's Operating Handbook, "Go Around (balked landing)," stated that, following establishing a climb, the flaps should be reduced to the takeoff setting.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The flight instructor's failure to retract the flaps during an attempted go-around and his failure to maintain the runway heading, which resulted in a collision with terrain left of the runway.


Heading/course - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Instructor/check pilot (Cause)
Use of equip/system - Instructor/check pilot (Cause)
Lack of action - Instructor/check pilot (Cause)

Environmental issues
Mountainous/hilly terrain - Effect on operation (Cause)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Loss of control in flight (Defining event)
Attempted remediation/recovery
Runway excursion
Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 74, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 09/07/2018
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 10/15/2018
Flight Time:  (Estimated) , 1174 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft)

Flight Instructor Information

Certificate: Airline Transport; Flight Instructor; Commercial
Age: 36, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s): Helicopter; Powered-Lift
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane; Helicopter; Powered-Lift
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane Single-engine; Powered-Lift
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 10/08/2018
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 07/03/2018
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 1521 hours (Total, all aircraft), 42 hours (Total, this make and model), 466 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 28 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 15 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 2 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Mooney
Registration: N201AZ
Model/Series: M20J No Series
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1978
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 24-0423
Landing Gear Type: Retractable - Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 09/05/2018, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2899 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 3354 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: IO-360-A3B60
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 200 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KNBC, 38 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 14 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1456 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 93°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Few / 500 ft agl
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling:
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 3 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: Variable
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.18 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 23°C / 20°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Allendale, SC (AQX)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Ridgeland, SC (3J1)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1400 EST
Type of Airspace: Class G 

Airport Information

Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 79 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 03
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 2692 ft / 70 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Go Around; Traffic Pattern 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 2 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude:  32.494167, -80.991111 (est)

RIDGELAND, South Carolina (WSAV) - Officials say a plane crashed during landing at the airport in Jasper County.

According to the Ridgeland Fire Department, neither the pilot nor the passenger were injured in the crash Friday afternoon.

The department says the single-engine aircraft experienced trouble while landing, causing it to hit the ground.

The Federal Aviation Administration will be investigating and the National Transportation Safety Board will determine the cause of the accident.

The airport has resumed normal operations, according to Ridgeland Fire.

Ridgeland-Claude Dean Airport is owned by the county and often used for flight instruction classes and clubs.

It’s located about a mile northwest of downtown Ridgeland.

Original article can be found here ➤ https://www.wsav.com

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