Tuesday, February 26, 2019

Loss of Control on Ground: Cessna 185A Skywagon, N10044; accident occurred February 25, 2019 at Ridgeland-Claude Dean Airport (3J1), South Carolina

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; West Columbia, South Carolina

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms


Location: Ridgeland, SC
Accident Number: GAA19CA152
Date & Time: 02/25/2019, 1115 EST
Registration: N10044
Aircraft: Cessna 185
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Public Aircraft 

The pilot of the tailwheel-equipped airplane reported that, during the landing roll, as the tailwheel touched down, the airplane veered to the right. The pilot attempted to correct with rudder to no avail. The airplane veered off the runway to the right and impacted a ditch.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the left wing, right aileron, and the right elevator.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

The pilot reported that the wind was calm. The pilot landed the airplane on runway 21. 

Pilot Information

Certificate: Flight Instructor; Commercial; Flight Engineer
Age: 76, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane Single-engine; Instrument Airplane
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 12/04/2018
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 08/14/2018
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 4459.4 hours (Total, all aircraft), 1200 hours (Total, this make and model), 4334.8 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 3.5 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 0.5 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N10044
Model/Series: 185 A
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1962
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 185-0419
Landing Gear Type: Tailwheel
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 08/19/2018, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 3200 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 13382.8 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
ELT: C91  installed, activated, did not aid in locating accident
Engine Model/Series:  IO-470-F29B
Registered Owner: Usda Forest Service Fepp
Rated Power: 260 hp
Operator: Usda Forest Service Fepp
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KNBC, 38 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 14 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1556 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 92°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 14 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 350°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.38 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 17°C / -6°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Walterboro, SC (RBW)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: Company VFR
Destination: Ridgeland, SC (3J1)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1045 EST
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 79 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 21
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 2692 ft / 70 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude:  32.491111, -80.993611 (est)

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