Tuesday, February 26, 2019

Runway Excursion: Cessna 182C Skylane, N8644T; accident occurred February 21, 2019 at Livermore Municipal Airport (KLVK), Alameda County, California

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Oakland, California

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf


Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms


https://registry.faa.gov/N8644T


Location: Livermore, CA

Accident Number: GAA19CA146
Date & Time: 02/21/2019, 1710 PST
Registration: N8644T
Aircraft: Cessna 182
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Runway excursion
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal

Analysis 

The pilot reported that, during landing with a gusting, right tailwind, the airplane touched down, exited the left side of the runway, and collided with runway lights and taxiway signage. The airplane continued across the adjoining taxiway and then came to a stop.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the left main landing gear attachment points.

The pilot reported that there were no preimpact mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

The pilot reported that the wind at the time of the landing was from 350° at 12 knots, gusting to 19 knots. The pilot landed the airplane on runway 25R.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's failure to maintain directional control during the landing roll with a gusting tailwind, which resulted in a runway excursion and collision with runway lights and taxiway signage.

Findings

Aircraft
Directional control - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Pilot (Cause)

Environmental issues
Tailwind - Effect on operation (Cause)
Gusts - Effect on operation (Cause)
Runway/taxi/approach light - Effect on equipment (Cause)
Sign/marker - Effect on equipment (Cause)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing-flare/touchdown
Other weather encounter
Runway excursion (Defining event)

Landing-landing roll
Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 62, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: Unknown
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: BasicMed With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 04/20/2018
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 03/27/2017
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 298 hours (Total, all aircraft), 283 hours (Total, this make and model), 253 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 31 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 16 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 4 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N8644T
Model/Series: 182 C
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1960
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 52544
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 11/02/2018, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2650 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time:
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
ELT: C91  installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-470
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 230 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Dusk
Observation Facility, Elevation: KLVK, 393 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1701 PST
Direction from Accident Site: 94°
Lowest Cloud Condition:
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling:
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 12 knots / 19 knots
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual:
Wind Direction: 350°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual:
Altimeter Setting:
Temperature/Dew Point:
Precipitation and Obscuration:
Departure Point: Redding, CA (O85)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Livermore, CA (LVK)
Type of Clearance: VFR
Departure Time: 1540 PST
Type of Airspace: Class D

Airport Information

Airport: Livermore Muni (LVK)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 399 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 25R
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 5253 ft / 100 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Straight-in

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 37.693333, -121.820278 (est)

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