Saturday, February 2, 2019

Cessna 152, N952SA: Accident occurred May 23, 2016 in Melrose, Putnam County, Florida

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident.

Additional Participating Entities: 

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Orlando, Florida
Textron Aviation; Wichita, Kansas
Lycoming Engines; Williamsport, Pennsylvania

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf


Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms


https://registry.faa.gov/N952SA 



 
Location: Melrose, FL
Accident Number: ERA16LA193
Date & Time: 05/23/2016, 1600 EDT
Registration: N952SA
Aircraft: CESSNA 152
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Fuel exhaustion
Injuries: 1 Minor
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

On May 23, 2016, at 1600 eastern daylight time, a Cessna 152, N952SA, operated by Sunrise Aviation, was substantially damaged during a forced landing, following a total loss of engine power while maneuvering near Melrose, Florida. The private pilot received minor injuries. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed and no flight plan was filed for the personal flight that was conducted under the provisions of 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91. The flight departed Ormond Beach Municipal Airport (OMN), Ormond Beach, Florida, about 1500, destined for the Gainesville Regional Airport (GNV), Gainesville, Florida.

According to the pilot, he began a descent from 4,500 feet mean sea level (msl) to 1,100 feet msl, about 13 nautical miles east of GNV. He indicated that he followed the descent checklist to include enrichening the mixture, applying the carburetor heat, and reducing the power to 1,500 rpm. As he leveled off at 1,100 msl, the engine shut down without warning. The pilot then prepared for an approach to a nearby field, and attempted to restart the engine, but was unsuccessful. He did not recall any further details about the landing.

The airplane subsequently came to rest upright in swampy terrain and sustained substantial damage to the fuselage and nose section. The empennage was fractured and partially separated aft of the cabin area. A Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) inspector responded to the accident site but was unable to examine the wreckage due to the terrain surrounding the site.

The operator was self-insured and recovered the wreckage back to a hangar at OMN. The operator stated that during recovery, no fuel was in one fuel tank, he couldn't tell if any fuel was in the other fuel tank, and there was no odor of fuel at the accident site. The wreckage was examined after recovery by a National Transportation Safety Board investigator. Both fuel tanks remained intact and were absent of fuel. Additionally, no fuel was found in the carburetor. Continuity of the crankshaft, camshaft, valve train, and continuity to the rear accessory section on the engine was confirmed through rotation of the propeller. Thumb compression was attained on all cylinders.

When asked about fueling, the operator stated that the airplane was last fueled on May 11, 2016 and hadn't flown until the accident flight. The operator added that the airplane had only flown once during May 2016 (the accident flight) and he produced an airplane flight log sheet for the month, which only listed the accident flight on it. However, review of fueling records for May 10 and 11, 2016, revealed that the accident airplane was fueled three times on May 10, 2016 and two times on May 11, 2016. Additionally, the pilot and the operator did not report how much fuel was onboard the accident airplane at the beginning of the accident flight. 



Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 20, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: Unknown
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 10/29/2015
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time:  116 hours (Total, all aircraft), 30 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 4 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: CESSNA
Registration: N952SA
Model/Series: 152 NO SERIES
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1977
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 15280667
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 2
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 05/17/2016, 100 Hour
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 1676 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection: 1 Hours
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 9300.6 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: LYCOMING
ELT: C91A installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-235-L2C
Registered Owner: SUNRISE AVIATION INC
Rated Power: 115 hp
Operator: SUNRISE AVIATION INC
Operating Certificate(s) Held: Pilot School (141)

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan


Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: K42J, 197 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 8 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1555 EDT
Direction from Accident Site: 335°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 6 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: /
Wind Direction: 310°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: /
Altimeter Setting: 29.94 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 29°C / 9°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: ORMOND BEACH, FL (OMN)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: GAINESVILLE, FL (GNV)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1500 EDT
Type of Airspace:

Wreckage and Impact Information


Crew Injuries: 1 Minor
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 Minor
Latitude, Longitude: 29.718333, -81.980556 (est)

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