Sunday, January 27, 2019

Runway Excursion: Piper PA-28-140 Cherokee, N6166W, accident occurred January 26, 2019 at Williamsburg-Jamestown Airport (KJGG), James City County, Virginia

View of damage to the right wing.
Federal Aviation Administration 

View of damage to the outboard right rib wing nose.

Federal Aviation Administration 

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Richmond, Virginia

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board:

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Williamsburg, VA
Accident Number: GAA19CA131
Date & Time: 01/26/2019, 1725 EST
Registration: N6166W
Aircraft: Piper PA28
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Runway excursion
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 


The pilot reported that, during an approach into the sun, he believed that the approach angle was too high, and he decided to abort the landing. He increased the throttle rapidly, the engine sputtered, and he continued the landing. Once on the airplane was on the runway, he quickly applied the brakes. The right brake locked up, and the airplane exited the right side of the runway and then impacted a drainage culvert.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the right wing.

The pilot reported that there were no mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's excessive brake application during the landing roll, which resulted in a runway excursion and collision with a drainage culvert.


Brake - Incorrect use/operation (Cause)
Directional control - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Pilot (Cause)
Use of equip/system - Pilot (Cause)

Environmental issues
Object/animal/substance - Effect on operation

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing-landing roll
Runway excursion (Defining event)
Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 49, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: Lap Only
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 None
Last FAA Medical Exam: 12/11/2017
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 10/28/2017
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 790 hours (Total, all aircraft), 575 hours (Total, this make and model), 710 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Piper
Registration: N6166W
Model/Series: PA28 140
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1964
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 28-20184
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 06/24/2018, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2013 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 3591.51 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: C91  installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-320-E2A
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 150 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KJGG, 49 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 2235 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 152°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility: 10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: Calm /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: /
Wind Direction:
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: /
Altimeter Setting: 30.18 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 5°C / -4°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Williamsburg, VA (JGG)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Williamsburg, VA (JGG)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1550 EST
Type of Airspace: Class G 

Airport Information

Airport: Williamsburg-Jamestown (JGG)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 49 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 13
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 3204 ft / 60 ft
VFR Approach/Landing:  Go Around; Traffic Pattern 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 37.239167, -76.716111 (est)

On January 26th at approximately 5:30 p.m., units from the James City County Fire Department responded to a report of an aircraft crash at the Williamsburg-Jamestown Airport. 

While landing, a Piper PA-28-140 Cherokee overran the runway, ending up on the bank of College Creek. 

The pilot from the Yorktown area was not injured. 

The Virginia State Police and Federal Aviation Administration are investigating. 

Crews from the City of Williamsburg and York County Fire Departments assisted.

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