Sunday, December 2, 2018

Piper PA 46-350P, registered to and operated by PRM Enterprises Inc, N178DB: Accident occurred August 28, 2018 at Hartford-Brainard Airport (KHFD), Connecticut

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Bradley, Connecticut

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board: 

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location:  Hartford, CT
Accident Number: GAA18CA529
Date & Time: 08/28/2018, 0930 EDT
Registration: N178DB
Aircraft: Piper PA46
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Hard landing
Injuries: 4 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Business

The pilot reported that, during approach, the control tower instructed him to stay "high and close". Once he turned final, he reduced the power and the airplane began a rapid descent. He added that, he applied some power and back pressure to arrest the descent rate as he began to flare, but the airplane landed hard and faster than normal. As the nose landing gear touched down, he applied reverse thrust and braked aggressively, subsequently, the nose landing gear collapsed and the airplane came to rest on the runway.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the fuselage and engine mount.

The pilot reported that a post-accident examination revealed that a landing gear actuator bolt, in the nose landing gear, had sheared.

The pilot reported that the primary cause of the incident was his failure to maintain a stabilized approach, which resulted in a combination of a hard landing and higher than normal ground speed upon touchdown exacerbated by the force applied as he aggressively applied the brakes and reverse thrust.

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 61, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 05/30/2017
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 05/11/2018
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 3407 hours (Total, all aircraft), 540 hours (Total, this make and model), 3282 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 27 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 5 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Piper
Registration: N178DB
Model/Series: PA46 350P
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 2002
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 4636333
Landing Gear Type: Retractable - Tricycle
Seats: 6
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 04/11/2018, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 4340 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Turbo Prop
Airframe Total Time: 1896 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Pratt & Whitney
ELT: C126 installed, activated, did not aid in locating accident
Engine Model/Series: PT6A-35
Registered Owner: Prm Enterprises Inc
Rated Power: 560 hp
Operator: Prm Enterprises Inc
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KHFD, 19 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1331 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 230°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility: 8 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: Calm /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction:
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.02 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 29°C / 23°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Manchester, NH (MHT)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: IFR
Destination: Hartford, CT (HFD)
Type of Clearance: IFR
Departure Time: 0845 EDT
Type of Airspace: Class D

Airport Information

Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 18 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 20
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 4417 ft / 150 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Straight-in

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 3 None
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 4 None
Latitude, Longitude: 41.737500, -72.648611 (est)

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