Friday, November 30, 2018

Slice of the 406 LLC: Cessna 550 Citation II, N941JM, accident occurred November 30, 2018 at Hector International Airport (KFAR), Fargo, Cass County, North Dakota -and- Beech 200 Super King Air, N80RT, accident occurred November 23, 2016 near Moorhead Municipal Airport (KJKJ), Clay County, Minnesota

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Fargo, North Dakota

Aircraft skidded off the west side of runway 18 onlanding.

Slice of the 406 LLC

Flight Development, LLC

Date: 30-NOV-18
Time: 19:47:00Z
Regis#: N941JM
Aircraft Make: CESSNA
Aircraft Model: 550
Event Type: ACCIDENT
Highest Injury: NONE
Aircraft Missing: No
Activity: UNKNOWN
Flight Phase: LANDING (LDG)

Cessna 550 Citation II, N941JM

FARGO — No one was hurt when a plane veered off a runway at Hector International Airport and crashed at the north end of the airfield just before 2 p.m. Friday, November 30th, an airport official said.

Shawn Dobberstein, executive director of Fargo's Municipal Airport Authority, said it appeared the Cessna 550 Citation II had been in the process of landing on the airport's primary runway when the small jet veered off the runway before coming to a stop.

Dobberstein said he did not know how many people were aboard the plane, but he said everyone was safe after the incident and those who had been on the plane waited at the nearby Jet Center, 3802 20th St. N., for transportation.

He said the plane, which had flown from Williston, suffered significant damage and will remain at the crash site until federal investigators arrive.

At least two fire trucks, a handful of police vehicles and an ambulance responded to the crash site, according to a WDAY-TV reporter at the scene.

Federal Aviation Administration records indicate that based on the plane's "N" number it is registered to Slice of the 406 LLC, of Helena, Montana.

The Montana Secretary of State's website lists the registered agent of Slice of the 406 as Deer Creek Corporate Services Inc., of Helena, which describes itself on its company website as a registered agent and legal services company.

A woman who answered the phone at Deer Creek Services said she could release no information.

A plane that made a crash landing in a field near Moorhead Municipal Airport on November 23rd, 2016, was also registered to Slice of the 406 LLC.

In that incident, the plane involved was a Beech King Air 200 that suffered substantial damage when it hit the ground during a missed approach at night.

According to the FAA's final report on the Moorhead incident, the airplane was operated by Flight Development LLC, an air taxi company.

The report stated the probable cause of the Moorhead crash was pilot failure to attain a positive climb rate during an attempted missed approach at night, "which resulted in a controlled flight into terrain."

The pilot in that crash suffered injuries to his face as did one of six passengers on the flight, the report regarding the 2016 crash said.

Original article can be found here ➤

Beech 200 Super King Air, N80RT, registered to Slice of the 406 LLC and operated by Flight Development LLC: Accident occurred November 23, 2016 near Moorhead Municipal Airport (KJKJ), Clay County, Minnesota 

Beech 200 Super King Air, N80RT

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident. 

Aviation Accident Final Report- National Transportation Safety Board:

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Moorhead, MN
Accident Number: CEN17LA043
Date & Time: 11/23/2016, 1759 CST
Registration: N80RT
Aircraft: BEECH 200
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Controlled flight into terr/obj (CFIT)
Injuries: 3 Minor, 4 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 135: Air Taxi & Commuter - Non-scheduled


The commercial pilot was conducting an on-demand passenger flight at night in instrument meteorological conditions that were at/near straight-in approach minimums for the runway. The pilot flew the approach as a nonprecision LNAV approach, and he reported that the approach was stabilized and that he did not notice anything unusual. A few seconds after leveling the airplane at the missed approach altitude, he saw the runway end lights, the strobe lights, and the precision approach path indicator. He then disconnected the autopilot and took his hand off the throttles to turn on the landing lights. However, before he could turn on the landing lights, the runway became obscured by clouds. The pilot immediately decided to conduct a missed approach and applied engine power, but the airplane subsequently impacted terrain short of the runway in a nose-up level attitude. The pilot reported that there were no mechanical anomalies with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation. It is likely the pilot lost sight of the runway due to the visibility being at/near the straight-in approach minimums and that the airplane got too low for a missed approach, which resulted in controlled flight into terrain.

A passenger stated that he and the pilot were not wearing available shoulder harnesses. The passenger said that he was not informed that the airplane was equipped with shoulder harnesses or told how to adjust the seats. The pilot sustained injuries to his face in the accident.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's failure to attain a positive climb rate during an attempted missed approach in night instrument meteorological conditions that were at/near approach minimums, which resulted in controlled flight into terrain.


Climb rate - Not attained/maintained (Cause)
Emergency equipment - Not used/operated

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Pilot (Cause)
Issuing instructions - Pilot

Environmental issues
Ceiling/visibility/precip - Effect on operation (Cause)

Factual Information

On November 23, 2016, at 1759 central standard time, a Beech 200, N80RT, impacted terrain during a missed approach from runway 30 at Moorhead Municipal Airport (JKJ), Moorhead, Minnesota. The pilot initiated a missed approach after losing visual reference of the runway environment during the final segment of a GPS instrument approach. The pilot and two passengers sustained minor injuries and four passengers were uninjured. The airplane received substantial damage. The airplane was operated by Flight Development, LLC under the provisions of 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 135 as a single-pilot on-demand passenger flight. The flight was operating on an instrument rules flight plan. Night instrument meteorological conditions prevailed at the time of the accident. The flight departed from Baudette International Airport (BDE), Baudette, Minnesota, at 1714 and was destined to JKJ.

A passenger stated that he and his work crew had been flying between Baudette and Moorhead on a weekly basis for the past 5-6 weeks to build agricultural storage facilities. The passenger stated that the pilot had flown the work crew on one of the previous flights, and the remainder of the flights were flown by the company chief pilot and the company director of operations.

The passenger stated that the accident flight was the first flight in which he was seated in the copilot seat. The passenger stated that he and the pilot were not wearing a shoulder harness. The passenger stated that he was not informed that the airplane was equipped with shoulder harnesses, how to use them, and how to adjust the seats. The passenger stated that he would have adjusted the seat if he would have known that was an option and used his shoulder harness, as he is a safety conscious person.

The pilot stated that before he was handed off from Minneapolis Center to Fargo Approach, he listened to the automated weather observing system (AWOS) at JKJ, which reported that light north winds, a ceiling of 300 feet above ground level, and 1.25 statute mile visibility. He checked in with Fargo Approach and informed them that he had the weather at JKJ and requested the area navigation (RNAV) approach to runway 30 starting at IVEJE, the initial approach fix (IAF). N80RT was not equipped with a wide area augmentation system (WAAS) GPS so he flew the approach as a non-precision lateral navigation (LNAV) approach (straight-in approach minima were: 300 feet above ground level and 1 statute mile visibility). He told Fargo Approach that he realized the weather was deteriorating and would make one attempt at JKJ and then divert to Hector International Airport (FAR), Fargo, North Dakota. Fargo Approach issued a clearance to the IAF, and initial approach altitude, and provided missed approach instructions. The pilot stated that he had flown this approach numerous times and briefed the approach. He stated that the approach was stabilized with the appropriate altitudes and airspeeds throughout and did not notice anything unusual. Upon leveling off at the missed approach altitude of 1,300 feet mean sea level, he looked for the runway. After what seemed like just a few seconds he saw the runway end lights, the strobe lights, and the precision approach path indicator. He disconnected the autopilot and took his hand off the throttles to turn on the landing lights for landing. Before he could even turn on the landing lights, the runway disappeared from sight due to the clouds. He immediately decided to perform a missed approach and applied engine power. He said that he referenced the flight director, but did not recall what it was indicating. He did not feel any sinking feeling indicating that he was losing altitude. He said that It seemed like just a few seconds before the airplane impacted the ground. The airplane struck the ground in somewhat of a nose-up, level bank attitude. The airplane slid along the ground and turned slightly to the right before coming to rest.

The passenger stated that prior to departure, the pilot said they needed to get going because the weather was getting bad in Fargo. While en route, the passenger heard Fargo Air Traffic Control Tower advise weather was not good, and the pilot stated he would try to fly to JKJ first and then fly to FAR, if that did not work. The passenger said the pilot asked him to be on the lookout for the runway and about 3,600 feet the airplane banked to line up for the approach. The passenger said he heard an audible "too low" warning three times, saw some runway lights at eye level, and then the airplane impacted the ground. The passenger said he did not think the pilot initiated a go-around, and he did not see him adjust engine power settings or move the control yoke. The passenger stated that he received facial injuries that required stitches.

The pilot reported that there was no mechanical malfunction/failure with the airplane.

The pilot's safety recommendation on how the accident could have been prevented was:

"Stick to my normal personal weather minimums and not attempt a non-precision approach to minimums. It would of been so easy to go to Fargo and do the ILS. I have always lectured to my students on the advantage of having two pilots when things are challenging. This is a prime example of such [an accident]. Over confidence is always something that we have to try to keep in check."

A review of the pilot's training records showed that the pilot completed the company's Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) approved ground and flight training program, dated August 17, 2016. The ground training was conducted by the company director of operations and the company chief pilot. The pilot's flight training, which was 10.8 hours in duration, was conducted by the company chief pilot. The pilot received and passed his most recent Part 135.293 Airman Proficiency Check, dated August 18, 2016, which was conducted by an FAA inspector from the Fargo Flight Standards District Office. The check was performed using a Beech 200 and was 1.7 hours in flight duration. The pilot received a grade of satisfactory for all of the check's maneuvers/procedures.

FAA Advisory Circular 91-65, Use of Shoulder Harnesses in Passenger Seats, states in part:

On December 17, 1985, the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) issued safety recommendation A-85-124, recommending issuance of advisory circular to provide information on crash survivability aspects of small aircraft. The recommendation was the result of an NTSB general aviation airplane crashworthiness project. In the project, the safety board examined 500 relatively severe general aviation airplane accident, to determine what proportion of the occupants would have benefited from the use of shoulder harnesses and energy-absorbing seats. The safety board found that 20 percent of the fatally-injured occupants in these accidents could have survived with shoulder harnesses (assuming the seat belt was fastened) and 88 percent of the seriously injured could have had significantly less severe injuries with the use of shoulder harnesses. Energy-absorbing seats could have benefited 34 percent

of the seriously injured. The safety board concluded that shoulder harness use is the most effective way of reducing fatalities and serious injuries in general aviation accidents.

Part 135.117, Briefing of Passengers Before Flight, states that before each takeoff each pilot in command of an aircraft carrying passengers shall ensure that all passengers have been orally briefed on: the use of seat belts, the placement of seat backs in an upright position before takeoff and landing, location and means for opening the passenger entry door and emergency exits, location of survival equipment, if the flight involves extended overwater operation, ditching procedures and the use of required flotation equipment, if the flight involves operations above 12,000 feet MSL, the normal and emergency use of oxygen, and location and operation of fire extinguishers. 

History of Flight

Approach-IFR final approach
Loss of visual reference

Approach-IFR missed approach
Controlled flight into terr/obj (CFIT) (Defining event)
Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT) 

Pilot Information

Certificate: Airline Transport; Flight Instructor; Commercial
Age: 59, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land; Single-engine Sea
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s):  Airplane Multi-engine; Airplane Single-engine; Instrument Airplane
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 None
Last FAA Medical Exam: 09/20/2016
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 08/18/2016
Flight Time:  5630 hours (Total, all aircraft), 89 hours (Total, this make and model), 5345 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 149 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 46 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 0 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: BEECH
Registration: N80RT
Model/Series: 200
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1978
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: BB-370
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 11
Date/Type of Last Inspection:  100 Hour
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 12500 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 2 Turbo Prop
Airframe Total Time:
Engine Manufacturer: Pratt & Whitney
ELT: Installed, activated, did not aid in locating accident
Engine Model/Series: PT6A-41
Registered Owner: SLICE OF THE 406 LLC
Rated Power: 1050 hp
Operator: Flight Development, LLC
Operating Certificate(s) Held: On-demand Air Taxi (135)
Operator Does Business As:
Operator Designator Code: VOXA

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Instrument Conditions
Condition of Light: Night
Observation Facility, Elevation: JKJ, 918 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 1 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1754 CST
Direction from Accident Site: 120°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  0.5 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: Overcast / 300 ft agl
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 7 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: / None
Wind Direction: 350°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.1 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 1°C / 1°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: Moderate - Fog; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Baudette, MN (BDE)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: IFR
Destination: Moorhead, MN (JKJ)
Type of Clearance: IFR
Departure Time: 1714 CDT
Type of Airspace:

Airport Information

Airport: Moorhead Municipal Airport (JKJ)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 918 ft
Runway Surface Condition:
Runway Used: 30
IFR Approach: Global Positioning System
Runway Length/Width: 4300 ft / 75 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 Minor
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 2 Minor, 4 None
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 3 Minor, 4 None
Latitude, Longitude: 46.839167, -96.664167 (est)

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