Monday, May 07, 2018

Aeronca 7AC Champion, N83581: Accident occurred May 06, 2018 and Incident occurred September 24, 2016 at Warrenton–Fauquier Airport (KHWY), Midland, Fauquier County, Virginia

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Dulles, Virginia

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board:

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Warrenton, VA
Accident Number: GAA18CA257
Date & Time: 05/06/2018, 1030 EDT
Registration: N83581
Aircraft: AERONCA 7AC
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Aerodynamic stall/spin
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under:  Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional 

According to the flight instructor in the tailwheel-equipped airplane, the purpose of flight was to provide a "proficiency check" for the pilot in the front seat.

The pilot was on the controls and had landed the airplane after accomplishing one pattern. During the takeoff, about 5ft AGL, the airplane's right-wing "went down" and the pilot applied left stick, but the airplane struck the ground.

During an interview with the National Transportation Safety Board Investigator-in-charge, the instructor reported that he believed that the airspeed was too slow during the takeoff climb and that the airplane stalled.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the right-wing lift struts.

The METAR at the airport reported that about the time of the accident, the wind was reported as being from 02° at 4 knots. The pilots used runway 15.

The pilot and instructor reported that there were no mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation. 

Flight Instructor Information

Certificate: Flight Instructor; Commercial
Age: 76, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Rear
Other Aircraft Rating(s): Glider
Restraint Used: Lap Only
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane Multi-engine; Airplane Single-engine; Instrument Airplane
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 09/19/2017
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 09/23/2016
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 3450 hours (Total, all aircraft), 63 hours (Total, this make and model), 3355 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 163 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 30 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 2 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft) 

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 54, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Front
Other Aircraft Rating(s): Helicopter
Restraint Used: Lap Only
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 03/08/2017
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 10/03/2017
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 339 hours (Total, all aircraft), 17 hours (Total, this make and model), 247 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: AERONCA
Registration: N83581
Model/Series: 7AC NO SERIES
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1946
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 7AC-2257
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 2
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 07/05/2017, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 1320 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 5083.61 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
ELT: C91  installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: A-65-8
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 65 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KHWY, 338 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1415 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 222°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Scattered / 1100 ft agl
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: Broken / 5000 ft agl
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 4 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: / None
Wind Direction: 20°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 29.92 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 16°C / 11°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Warrenton, VA (HWY)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Warrenton, VA (HWY)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1030 EDT
Type of Airspace: Class G 

Airport Information

Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 336 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 15
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 5000 ft / 100 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Stop and Go; Traffic Pattern 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 2 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None

Latitude, Longitude: 38.586389, -77.710556 (est)

September 24, 2016: Aircraft on landing went off the runway and struck propeller and gear.

Date: 24-SEP-16

Time: 16:20:00Z
Regis#: N83581
Aircraft Make: CHAMPION
Aircraft Model: 7ACA
Event Type: Incident
Highest Injury: None
Damage: Unknown
Flight Phase: LANDING (LDG)
State: Virginia

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