Monday, May 07, 2018

Cessna A185F Skywagon, N76SC: Accident occurred May 05, 2018 at Chandler Municipal Airport (KCHD), Maricopa County, Arizona

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Scottsdale, Arizona 

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board:

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Chandler, AZ
Accident Number: GAA18CA256
Date & Time: 05/05/2018, 1105 MST
Registration: N76SC
Aircraft: CESSNA A185
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

The pilot of the tailwheel-equipped airplane reported that, during final approach, the airplane required about 10 degrees of crab to the right to maintain alignment with the runway. During the landing flare, he reduced power to idle, slowly applied rudder to align the fuselage with the runway centerline, and added right aileron to counter the crosswind. He added that, during the 3-point landing, the airplane bounced. During the landing roll, he had full right aileron countering the wind when a "perceived" gust lifted the right wing. He held full right aileron, full aft yoke, and used the rudder to maintain alignment. Subsequently, about 40 knots groundspeed, the left main landing gear collapsed, and the left wing impacted the runway.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the left wing and aileron.

The pilot reported that the left main landing gear detached from the airplane.

The Federal Aviation Administration inspector reported that, the airplane had been in an accident in 1990 and repaired in 1995. He added that, the maintenance records show that the left gear and left wing (along with several other items) had been replaced during the 1995 repair. He also reported, the landing gear bolt was bent and the threads on the nut were stripped.

The automated weather observation system located at the accident airport reported that, about 20 minutes before the accident, the wind was from 110° at 8 knots, gusting to 19 knots. The same observation system reported that, about 10 minutes after the accident, the wind was from 150° at 13 knots, gusting to 21 knots. The pilot landed on runway 4R. 

Pilot Information

Certificate: Commercial
Age: 76, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land; Single-engine Sea
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: Unknown
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 Waiver Time Limited Special
Last FAA Medical Exam: 06/16/2017
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 06/15/2017
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 6250 hours (Total, all aircraft), 26 hours (Total, this make and model), 6150 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 26 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 8 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 4 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: CESSNA
Registration: N76SC
Model/Series: A185 F
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1981
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 18504206
Landing Gear Type: Tailwheel
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 01/18/2018, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 3500 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 5188.1 Hours
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: IO-520-D
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 300 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KCHD, 1243 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1815 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 174°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility: 10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 13 knots / 21 knots
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: Convective / None
Wind Direction: 150°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: Moderate / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 29.98 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 34°C / -4°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: PALM SPRINGS, CA (PSP)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: VFR
Destination: Chandler, AZ (CHD)
Type of Clearance: VFR
Departure Time: 0900 PDT
Type of Airspace: Class D

Airport Information

Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 1243 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 04R
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 4870 ft / 75 ft
VFR Approach/Landing:  Full Stop; Straight-in; Traffic Pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude:  33.271667, -111.813333 (est) 

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